s The civilization of ancient Greece developed between 800BC and 146BC. It could found in the southern part of Europe, surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. It is still interesting to learn about the structure of society, food, beliefs and architecture of ancient Greece. We can learn a lot from this civilization.
Food In ancient Greece food was a very importantpart of the life . Most Greeks ate fish becausethey lived near the sea. They also ate smallbirds, cheese, cakes, fruit, meat and milk fromgoats. The Greeks made wine from grapes andoil from olives. They hunted for their food, too.When it was time for breakfast, lunch or dinnerwomen and men didn’t eat together. Women atewith the children in a separate part of the house.Rich people ate mainly bread, olive oil, meat,fish, vegetables and fruit, accompanied bywatered-down wine. Poor people ate almost thesame foods, but less meat which was expensive.Therefore, it is clear that the ancient Greeks ate avariety of foods.
Architecture The ancient Greeks were famous for their architecture,especially their huge public buildings and temples. Tobuild houses, the Greeks used sun dried bricks madefrom mud. They used wagons to carry the bricks fromquarries. Rich people lived in a big houses with manyrooms and walls around the outside. Poor people’shouses were much smaller. The Greeks built templesthat had mathematical columns. There were threekind of columns, called the Doric, Ionic andCorinthian. Columns were used for decoration and tohold up the roof. Lots of temples were built for godsor goddesses. Therefore, temples were a veryimportant part of architecture for the ancient Greeks.
Beliefs In Ancient Greece, people believed in many gods andgoddesses. Zeus was most important god. Hera washis wife and the Queen of heaven. Apollo was god ofmusic, so people went to his temple if they wanted toknow about future and Hermes was the messenger ofgods. Also there was Athena, the goddess of wisdom.Each god had one temple. People believed that thegods lived on Mount Olympus and controlledeverything. There were 12 main gods and many morewho lived together on mount Olympus. From thisevidence, we know that the gods were very importantin the lives of ancient Greek people.
Structure of society In ancient Greece, men and women had differentroles in society. Boys went to school when theywere 6 years old to learn reading, writing, adding,appreciating poetry, and music. When boys grewup in Sparta, they joined the army. Greek mencould go to the Olympics and vote in thedemocracy (in Athens). However, girls weredifferent. They didn’t go to school. They stayed athome and helped their mothers. Girls learnedcooking, weaving, cleaning and married when theywere very young. They also learned dance andmusic. They were not allowed to go to theOlympics or vote. Their job was to stay at homewith children. It is clear that men and women’splace in society was very different.
This report has included information all about ancient Greece. It has described the architecture, food, beliefs and structure of society. This civilizations was very important because of the mathematical discoveries which we still use today. Congratulations – you know all about ancient Greece now!
Reference list Author Date TitleLoven, Rance & Wood 1992Richard Dargie 2008Schessinger Media 2004Ms O’Dwyer 18.10.11