The civilization of ancient Greece existed between800 BCE and 146 BCE. It could be found in thesouthern part of Europe, surrounded by theMediterranean sea. It is interesting to learn about itshow its society was structured, their architecture, theeducation system and the many legacies that can beseen today.
Society StructuredIn Ancient Greece men and women played very differentroles in society. Men could go to parties, compete in theOlympics and attend ceremonies. Men did all theshopping, could become actors and were the only oneswho voted. In fact, if men didn’t vote they were punished.Slaves would chase them with a rope painted red. Theywould be embarrassed and fined. Women’s role was tostay home and take care of the children. Girls married atthe age of 13 or 14 and usually married a man twice herage. Also, a girl’s father picked the man for his daughter tomarry and gave away her toys to the gods or goddess. Thislet people know that she was old enough to take care ofherself. In Ancient Greece men clearly led different livesfrom women.
ArchitectureThe ancient Greeks built many very famous buildings with differentkinds of columns. The Acropolis is the most famous temple thatincluded a statue of Athena, a goddess. The Acropolis was made withcolumns that got narrower and narrower until they touched the roof.This made them look straight. The columns were attached by rings ofmarbles. There are three kinds columns: the Doric, Ionic, and theCorinthian, which each look very different. The Doric was very plain withlines on it and a cube on top. The Ionic was more detailed and can beseen in the Acropolis. The Corinthian was the most detailed with verybeautiful carvings and was also used in the Acropolis. Unfortunately, thestatues on the Acropolis were stolen by Lord Elgon in 1803 and sold tothe British. Part of the Acropolis collapsed in 1887, but half of it remains.From this evidence, it is clear that the ancient Greeks built beautifularchitecture.
EducationEducation in ancient Greece was really different for boys andgirls. Boys learned a lot and girls didn’t learn so much, becauseof their role in society. Boys learnedscience, math, reading, geography, history , music, sports, andpoetry. Girls learned to do housework, cooking, weaving, musicand dancing. Boys learned in schools and were taught byteachers. Girls learned inside the homes and were taught bytheir mothers. In schools, there were ten or twenty boys andone teacher. Also, there were no desks so they wrote on waxboards with pens made out of wood or ivory (which meant thatkids didn’t need to bring equipment to bring to school). InSparta schools were very different than in Athens. Boys went totraining schools to learn to fight and become soldiers for theGreek army. Even girls were taught to be fit and strong.Therefore, we know that education was very differentdepending on whether people were male or female, and livingin Sparta or Athens.
LegaciesMany legacies from ancient Greece can still be see in our worldtoday. The alphabet came from the Greeks, where the alphastands for A and beta means B. The plays that we watch nowalso came from the Greeks, especially comedies andtragedies. Also, buildings like the acropolis have been used todesigned many modern buildings in the US. For example, thecolumns in the White House look very similar. Many parts ofscience, math, and geography that learn in school were firstdiscovered in ancient Greece. Democracy, which is a system ofgovernment that some countries still use, was first startedthere. Also, we still compete in the Olympics with countries allaround the world and this began in ancient Greece. A lot of ourpottery that we still use for decoration also came from them.Therefore, we know that many legacies handed down fromAncient Greece are still important today.
In conclusion, this report has described structure ofsociety, architecture, education and legacies ofancient Greece. It is clear that ancient Greece is aninteresting civilization because of the many legaciesthat they left us, especially their amazingarchitecture.
Author Date TitleLoverance and Wood 1992Sea-to-Sea Publication 2007Kamini Rhonduri 1997Pat Taylor 1997Richard Dargie 2007Date Visited Websites10.20.11 http://wwwhistoryforkids.org/indes.htm.10.19.11 http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/ancientgreek.10.19.11 http://www.ancientcivilization.co.uk/homeset.htmlOther Sources10.20.11 Ms. O’Dwyer