Ancient egypt


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Ancient egypt

  1. 1. IntroductionAncient Egypt was a civilization which existedthousands of years ago. The Egyptians left manyinventions and ideas which were very important tofuture people. Society was structured so that everyonehad jobs to do. Agriculture was very successfulbecause of the River Nile. There were many greatbuildings, such as pyramids, which are still veryfamous.
  2. 2. Legacies In ancient Egypt, there were many inventions and ideas that we still use today.Egyptians were the first to make writing, which was called hieroglyphics.Hieroglyphics were found on the Rosetta stone, which helped historiansunderstand the Egyptian symbols. The Egyptians were also the first to make boats,as a way of getting to heaven. Boats became very important for travel, trade andwarfare. In addition, the Egyptians invented the shaduf, which was a tool forirrigation. In the countryside, people still use it today to lift water from wells andrivers. Many of the Egyptians’ pyramids and temples are still standing in 2012.These temples were made out of rocks, to last forever. Egyptians had lots of ideasand inventions that helped future civilizations lead easier lives.
  3. 3. Structure of SocietyIn ancient Egypt, society was structured so every people had jobs to do. In ancient Egypt, they called kingsPharaohs. Egyptians thought the God Horus was inside the pharaoh’s body. So, the pharaohs was the 1stlevel of society. In ancient Egypt, there were many pharaohs. For example, Tutankhamen, Ramses, Menes,and Thutmose were famous pharaohs. Ramses ruled Egypt for 60 years and was responsible for buildingssuch as the Abu Simbel temple. Also, Thutmose IV helped poor people by giving them enough food andshelter to meet their basic needs. There were also women pharaohs. They were called Hatshepsut, andCleopatra. Also, the pharaoh’s crown showed which part of Egypt that pharaoh ruled (such as Upper Egyptor Lower Egypt.) White crowns showed the pharaoh of Upper Egypt, red crowns showed the pharaoh ofLower Egypt, and double crowns showed the pharaoh of United Egypt. Slaves and criminals was used forworking. They were least powerful in society. They didn’t have rights to argue the order of their master.Nobles, governors, and high priests were 2nd strongest in society. But, they were not stronger thanpharaohs. Craft workers, scribes, artists, priests and priestesses were the 3rd level of society. Farmers,builders, record keepers, temple workers and fishermen were 4th wealthiest in society. Some workers madepapers (papyrus), jewelry , pottery or clothes. As you can see, there were many levels in society and rulesabout who could do each job.
  4. 4. Food In ancient Egypt, the river Nile was very important for agriculture. When it flooded every July,the soil became very good for farming crops. Also, the Egyptians could irrigate their crops withwater from the river Nile. Egyptians used a Shaduf and dug tunnels for irrigation. In ancientEgypt, rich people often ate meats and vegetables. They loved to eat sweet things and to drinkwine and beer. Poor people did not eat so much meat but they did eat a healthy diet ofvegetables, such as onions, cabbage and cucumber. Above all, the most important crops weregrains, because grain could make bread and beer. The Egyptians cooked mainly outside theirhouses. As you can see, the river Nile allowed the Egyptians to grow plenty of food soeveryone had a healthy diet.
  5. 5. Architecture Ancient Egypt is very famous for its architecture. All homes were made out of mud bricks, even the pharaoh’shouse. Windows were very small and the walls were thick for keeping out the heat. The most interestingstructures are the pyramids, which were made out of stone blocks, not using any machine. Egyptians usedonly people to make pyramids. There were 3 kinds of pyramid, which were the step pyramid, the bent pyramidand the true pyramid. One of the very famous pyramids was Khufu’s pyramid. Another interesting structurewas the Obelisk, which was called Cleopatra’s needle. Even today, people still build obelisks. The Egyptiansalso built many temples to worship their gods. In ancient Egypt, there were many important architecturalstructures which are still standing and famous today.
  6. 6. ConclusionIn summary, the ancient Egyptians had many differentlegacies, lots of different roles and jobs, nice rich soilto grow foods and different kinds of of architecture.It’s interesting to learn about the Egyptian’s daily livesin ancient times.
  7. 7. Reference List Author Date TitleGeorge Hart 2001 Ancient EgyptJoanna 1991 What do we know about the Egyptians?Jane Shuter 1998 The Ancient Egyptians