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  • 1. LIFE AND WORKS OF DR. JOSE RIZAL
    Mrs. Grace O. Tomacder
    Instructor
    gracia2k3@yahoo.com
  • 2. Rizal Law
    Also known as R.A. 1425
    It was signed by Pres. Ramon Magsaysay 12 June 1956. The original proponent of the bill was Sen C. M. Recto, but Sen. Laurel was the Senate Education Committee Chair, under which the deliberations of the bill will be heard, before it would pass the floor readings.
  • 3. Objectives
    1) to include in the curriculum of students in all levels in the Philippines, the study of the life, works, and writings of Jose Rizal, who in 1901 was selected by the Taft Commission to be the Philippines' National Hero
  • 4. 2) to present a nationalistic example done by Rizal so that all students from all levels would possess a stronger sense of nationalism, which during that period, (1950's) is experiencing unprecedented challenges preceeding the war from which the Philippines, and its people have suffered both politico-economic and cultural challenges.
  • 5. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE 19th CENTURY: SPAIN AND THE PHILIPPINES
  • 6. Objectives
    Examine the historical background of the rise of nationalism and in the context of Rizal’s ideas.
  • 7. 19th CENTURY SPAIN
  • 8. Spain during the first three quarters of the 19th century was a country of instability and chaos.
    Conquered by Napoleon Bonaparte, he made his brother Joseph as king.
    Guerilla warfare against the French ensued
  • 9. In 1812 a constitution was made by the Liberal Cortes
    Ferdinand VII was restored to power by 1814, he returned to absolute government
  • 10. Civil wars broke out between the Liberals and Carlists (supporters of Don Carlos)
    Maria Cristina as regent of her infant daughter Isabella (successor to the throne under the terms of Pragmatic Sanction)
  • 11.
    • 1868 a revolution against Isabella took place and she was forced to abdicateAlfonso XII of Spain became king, which finally brought Spain into a period of stability and reform
  • Philippines in the 19th Century
    Economic
    Development
    Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade
  • 12. Reforms made by Gov. Gen. Jose Basco y Vargas
    Real Compania de Filipinas 1785
    Tobacco Monopoly
  • 13. 1830 – growth of export economy from the British and American merchants
    Philippines exported agricultural products resulting to the growth and profit of Filipino hacienderos and inquilinos of the friar haciendas
    Economic Development as a whole is a non-Spanish initiative
  • 14. Opening of the Suez Canal in 1869
  • 15. INSULARES
    PENINSULARES
    CREOLE
    (Mestizo/Mestiza)
    INDIO
    The Philippine Society
  • 16. The Native Population
    PRINCIPALIA they are the rich landowners; local gov’t officials
    ILLUSTRADO educated middle-class
    Common People they are the majority of
    or Masses the class; workers
  • 17. Political Development
    Spain has no consistent policy for the overseas colonies
    Philippines was used as a dumping ground to reward Spanish officials
    Rampant corruption in the Government
    Governor-general was the chief executive with the widest of powers
  • 18. Cultural Development
    1860 spread of education –rise of Ilustrados
    1859- Ateneo Municipal run by the Jesuits
    1865- Escuela Normal de Maestros
    Humanistic Education in literature, science and philosophy
    Experience of Filipino students in Spain
  • 19. Ateneo Municipal
    University of Santo Tomas
  • 20. Religious Development
    Religious Orders played a dominant part in Philippine life
    Government relied heavily on the friars to maintain Spanish power
  • 21. Secularization issue between the regular and secular clergy (Filipino parish priests vs. Dominicans, Augustinians, Recollects and etc.)
    Cavite Mutiny that led to the execution of GOMBURZA (Jose Burgos, Mariano Gomez and Jacinto Zamora) in Bagumbayan
  • 22. Conclusion
    The development of Rizal’s ideas and of nationalism is composed of different factors. Both the events in Spain and her policies in the Philippines paved the way for nationalism to develop. Spain can no longer prolong her administration esp. since reforms were far from her agenda.
  • 23. QUESTIONS???…

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