GR8Conf 2009: Industrial Strength Groovy by Paul King

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Paul King presents various ways and tools to push your Groovy and Java development to an industrial level

Paul King presents various ways and tools to push your Groovy and Java development to an industrial level

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  • 1. Industrial Strength Groovy Tools for the Professional Groovy Developer Dr Paul King ASERT Brisbane, Australia Draft Only – Updated Version will be on gr8conf site and/or SlideShare
  • 2. Topics  Testing: JUnit, TestNG, EasyB, Spock, Instinct  Mocking: MockFor, GMock, Spock, EasyMock  Injection: Spring, Guice  Coverage: Cobertura  Code style: CodeNarc, IntelliJ  Duplication: Simian  Documentation: GroovyDoc  Builds: Maven, Ant, Gant, Graven, Gradle, Hudson  Modularisation: Grapes, OSGi
  • 3. Groovy’s Appeal  Innovators/Thought leaders  Ideas, power, flexibility, novelty, thinking community  Early adopters  Productivity benefits and collegiate community  Leverage JVM and potential for mainstream  Mainstream  Leverage existing Java skills, low learning curve  Leverage JVM and production infrastructure  Professional community  Tools, tools, tools
  • 4. Testing: JUnit, TestNG, EasyB, Spock, Instinct
  • 5. Mocking: MockFor, GMock, Spock, EasyMock
  • 6. Dependency Injection  Hollywood Principle  Don’t call us, we’ll call you  “All problems in computer science can be solved by another level of indirection”  "...except for the problem of too many layers of indirection“  For attributions, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inversion_of_control
  • 7. Dependency Injection  Pattern for loosely coupled & testable objects class Client { class Client { Calculator calc = Calculator calc new CalculatorImpl() def executeCalc(a, b) { def executeCalc(a, b) { calc.add(a, b) calc.add(a, b) } } } }  Need to select setter,  Service locator/factory constructor, field style  Tightly coupled?  Can add complexity  Hard to test?  Manage configuration  Easy to understand?  Direct or framework  Refactoring/navigation?  Consistency/lifecycle
  • 8. Dependency Injection: Guice import com.google.inject.* @ImplementedBy(CalculatorImpl) interface Calculator { def add(a, b) } @Singleton class CalculatorImpl implements Calculator { private total = 0 def add(a, b) { total++; a + b } def getTotalCalculations() { 'Total Calculations: ' + total } String toString() { 'Calc: ' + hashCode()} } class Client { @Inject Calculator calc // ... } def injector = Guice.createInjector() // ...
  • 9. Dependency Injection: Metaprogramming Style class Calculator { def total = 0 def add(a, b) { total++; a + b } } def INSTANCE = new Calculator() Calculator.metaClass.constructor = { -> INSTANCE } def c1 = new Calculator() def c2 = new Calculator() assert c1.add(1, 2) == 3 assert c2.add(3, 4) == 7 assert c1.is(c2) assert [c1, c2].total == [2, 2]
  • 10. Coverage: Cobertura
  • 11. Code style: CodeNarc, IntelliJ
  • 12. Duplication: Simian Similarity Analyser 2.2.23 - http://www.redhillconsulting.com.au/products/simian/index.html Copyright (c) 2003-08 RedHill Consulting Pty. Ltd. All rights reserved. Simian is not free unless used solely for non-commercial or evaluation purposes. {failOnDuplication=true, ignoreCharacterCase=true, ignoreCurlyBraces=true, ignoreIdentifierCase=true, ignoreModifiers=true, ignoreStringCase=true, threshold=6} Found 6 duplicate lines in the following files: Between lines 201 and 207 in /Users/haruki_zaemon/Projects/redhill/simian/build/dist/src/java/awt/image/W ritableRaster.java ... Found 66375 duplicate lines in 5949 blocks in 1260 files Processed a total of 390309 significant (1196065 raw) lines in 4242 files Processing time: 9.490sec
  • 13. Documentation: GroovyDoc
  • 14. Builds: Maven, Ant, Gant, Graven, Gradle, Hudson
  • 15. Modularisation: Grapes, OSGi