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The Early Republic
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The Early Republic

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  • 1. The Early Republic Launching the New Government
  • 2. Chapter 9, Section 1: Washington Takes Office
  • 3. Main Idea
    • As the nation’s first President, George Washington faced many economic and political challenges.
  • 4. I. Washington’s First Steps
    • Everything he did set a precedent for those who followed
      • Stepped down after 2 terms
      • First Cabinet
      • Federal Court System
  • 5. I. Washington’s First Steps
    • Washington’s Cabinet:
      • Made up by:
        • Heads of departments
      • Two most influential leaders:
        • Alexander Hamilton
        • Thomas Jefferson
      • Job of the Cabinet
        • To give advice to Washington
  • 6. I. Washington’s First Steps
    • Federal Court System:
      • Set up by the Judiciary Act
      • 1 chief justice and 5 associate justices
      • First Chief Justice of the U.S.:
        • John Jay
  • 7. II. Hamilton’s Plan
    • Proposed paying off national debt
      • Debt of Federal goovernment and states
    • 1790 - Compromise put US capital in District of Columbia and paid off debt
    • 1791- Established Bank of the United States and protective tariffs
  • 8. II. Hamilton’s Plan
    • Job of the Bank:
      • Pay off gvn’t bills
      • Make loans
    • Protective Tariffs:
      • Purpose:
        • to protect local industry from foreign compitition
  • 9. III.The Whiskey Rebellion (1794)
    • Backcountry farmers refused to pay the tax
    • Washington showed the strength, and mercy of the new gvn’t by: Pardoning all people involved
  • 10. Chapter 9, Section 2: Creating a Foreign Policy
  • 11. Main Idea
    • As the French Revolution and wars raged in Europe, President Washington steered a neutral course in foreign affairs.
  • 12. I. Foreign Policy
    • Washington advocated a policy of neutrality in foreign affairs
    • Neutrality Proclamation:
      • Not support either side
  • 13. I. Foreign Policy
    • Jay’s Treaty:
      • Britain must pay for damages to U.S. ships
      • Britain must give up forts in the west (U.S.)
      • U.S. must pay debts to British Merchants
  • 14. Chapter 9, Section 3: Political Parties Emerge
  • 15. Main Idea
    • During the 1790s, two political parties were formed: the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans
  • 16. I. Federalists
    • Led by: ___________
    • Believed wealthy and well-educated should lead nation
    • Favored strong central government
    • Favored manufacturing, trade, cities
  • 17. I. Federalists (cont’d)
    • Preferred loose interpretation of the Constitution
    • Wanted close ties with Britain
    • Supported national bank
    • Supported protective tariffs
  • 18. II. Democratic-Republicans
    • Led by: _________________
    • Believed people should have political power
    • Wanted to keep federal gvn’t small/have strong state gvn’t
    • Believed farming should be the backbone of the nation
  • 19. II. Democratic-Republicans (cont’d)
    • Supported strict interpretation of Constitution
    • Favored ties with France
    • Opposed national bank
    • Opposed protective tariffs
  • 20. III. Election of 1796
    • John Adams (Federalist) won
    • Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican) finished second
    • President and Vice President from different political parties

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