Constitutional Convention

1,768 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,768
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
549
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Constitutional Convention

  1. 1. Constitutional Convention<br />Staple Book<br />
  2. 2. Constitutional Convention<br />Philadelphia – May, 1787<br />55 delegates from 12 states <br />Not Rhode Island<br />Washington elected president<br />Franklin, Madison, Hamilton also present<br />Madison: Father of the Constitution<br />
  3. 3. Constitutional Convention<br />September 17, 1787: <br />Constitution was signed by delegates<br />3 delegates refused to sign:<br />Randolph and Mason from VA<br />Elbridge Gerry from Mass.<br />
  4. 4. Virginia Plan<br />Edmund Randolph and James Madison created this plan<br />Called for a strong central government<br />3 branches:<br />Legislative:<br />Pass laws<br />Executive<br />Carry out the laws<br />Judicial<br />System of courts (enforce laws)<br />
  5. 5. Virginia Plan<br />Legislative Branch:<br />2 houses, both had representation determined by population<br />Both houses, the larger states had more representation <br />
  6. 6. New Jersey Plan<br />William Paterson from New Jersey created this plan <br />3 branches:<br />Legislative, Executive, Judicial<br />Legislative Branch:<br />One house, all states have equal representation<br />One vote per state, no matter how big<br />
  7. 7. The Great Compromise<br />Roger Sherman of Connecticut created this plan<br />Compromise:<br />A settlement that each side gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement<br />2 House Legislature:<br />House of Representatives:<br />Lower house<br />Elected by popular vote<br />Representation determined by population<br />Appealed to larger states<br />
  8. 8. The Great Compromise<br />Senate:<br />Upper house<br />Chosen by state legislature<br />Each state (no matter what size) gets 2 representatives<br />Appealed to smaller states<br />Approved July 1787<br />
  9. 9. The 3/5ths Compromise<br />Southerners wanted slaves counted in the population to determine representation in the House<br />They would have a larger population, meaning more representatives, if the slaves were counted<br />Northerners didn’t want this:<br />Slaves don’t vote, therefore should not be represented by Congress<br />Compromise:<br />3/5ths of the slaves in any state will be counted in the population for Representation<br />3,000 of 5,000<br />
  10. 10. The Slave Trade Compromise<br />Northern states wanted the slave trade to be banned in the whole nation<br />By 1787, some northern states had banned the slave trade<br />Southern states did not:<br />They said it would ruin their economy<br />Compromise:<br />Congress count not outlaw slave trade for at least 20 years (1807)<br />Could regulate trade as they wished after that<br />Northerners agreed that no state could stop a slave from being returned to any owner that claimed the slave<br />

×