Ch 4, Sec 3 Southern Colonies

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  • 1. Ch 4, Sec 3: The Southern Colonies MAIN IDEA : The large tobacco and rice plantations of the tidewater region contrasted with the settlements of the hunters and farmers of the back country.
  • 2. Maryland
    • Mason-Dixon Line:
      • Divides the Middle Colonies from the Southern Colonies
    • Founded by:
      • Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore
    • Named after:
      • Queen Henrietta Maria, the King’s wife
  • 3. Maryland
    • Safe place for:
      • Catholics:
        • With the:
          • Act of Toleration
            • Provided religious freedom for all Christians
    • Main crop was cotton
  • 4. Virginia
    • Virginia Crop:
      • Tobacco
    • Bacon’s Rebellion was led by:
      • Nathaniel Bacon
        • Because:
  • 5. North and South Carolina
    • Most Northern settlers were:
      • Poor tobacco farmers
        • Had ____ farms:
          • Small
    • Southern settlers were:
      • The eight English nobles
  • 6. North and South Carolina
    • Crops of Carolina:
      • Rice in North
      • Indigo in South
      • Lumber in North
  • 7. Georgia
    • Founded by:
      • James Oglethorpe
    • Founded as a place where ____ could live:
      • Debtors:
        • People who owed money they could not pay back
    • Prison colony and a buffer from Spanish
    • Main crop was rice
  • 8. Cash Crops of the Southern Colonies
    • Cotton
    • Tobacco
    • Rice
    • Indigo
  • 9. Growth of Slavery and the Slave Trade
    • By 1700, _____ made up the majority of the population in GA and SC
      • Slaves
    • During the:
      • Middle Passage
    • _____% of Africans
    • died
      • 10
  • 10. Growth of Slavery and the Slave Trade
    • Slave Codes:
      • Treated enslaved Africans not as human beings but as property
    • Racism
      • The belief that one race is superior to another