Ch 7, Sec 1: A Loose Confederation Main Idea –  The Articles of Confederation created a weak central government and a loos...
States Write Constitutions <ul><li>Constitution – a document that sets out the laws, principles, organization and processe...
States Write Constitutions <ul><li>Virginia’s Constitution included a bill of rights, which is a list of freedoms that the...
Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Limited Powers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New laws required approval of nine states </li></u...
Dispute Over Western Land <ul><li>Maryland refused to ratify the Articles until Virginia ceded, or gave up, their claim to...
Weakness of the Confederation <ul><li>Government did not have the power to resolve conflicts between states </li></ul><ul>...
Admitting New States <ul><li>The Land Ordinance of 1785 set up system for settling the North West Territory </li></ul><ul>...
A Call for Change <ul><li>After the Revolution, the nation suffered an economic depression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Period wh...
A Call for Change <ul><li>A Convention is Called </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders agree to meet to revise the Articles of Con...
Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Philadelphia – May 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>Goal – to revise the Articles of Confederation...
Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Other influential delegates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, Be...
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7.1 A Loose Confederation

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7.1 A Loose Confederation

  1. 1. Ch 7, Sec 1: A Loose Confederation Main Idea – The Articles of Confederation created a weak central government and a loose alliance of independent states .
  2. 2. States Write Constitutions <ul><li>Constitution – a document that sets out the laws, principles, organization and processes of a government. </li></ul><ul><li>Why did states want constitutions? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To set the rights of al citizens in an official document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To limit the power of government </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. States Write Constitutions <ul><li>Virginia’s Constitution included a bill of rights, which is a list of freedoms that the government promises to protect. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Limited Powers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New laws required approval of nine states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress could not regulate trade or set taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No president to enforce the laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No courts to settle conflicts between states </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Dispute Over Western Land <ul><li>Maryland refused to ratify the Articles until Virginia ceded, or gave up, their claim to lands west of the Appalachian Mountains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maryland didn’t want larger states to become too powerful. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Weakness of the Confederation <ul><li>Government did not have the power to resolve conflicts between states </li></ul><ul><li>Congress couldn’t raise money to repay debts from the Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Other countries took advantage of weak central government </li></ul>
  7. 7. Admitting New States <ul><li>The Land Ordinance of 1785 set up system for settling the North West Territory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Territory would be surveyed and divided into townships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The North West Ordinance provided a way to admit new states </li></ul>
  8. 8. A Call for Change <ul><li>After the Revolution, the nation suffered an economic depression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall, and unemployment rises </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Farmers Revolt: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shay’s Rebellion – organized uprising of Massachusetts farmers, protesting taxes and property seizures </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. A Call for Change <ul><li>A Convention is Called </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders agree to meet to revise the Articles of Confederation </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Philadelphia – May 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>Goal – to revise the Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>55 delegates from 12 states </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington elected president of the Convention </li></ul>
  11. 11. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Other influential delegates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin </li></ul></ul>
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