7.1 A Loose Confederation
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  • 1. Ch 7, Sec 1: A Loose Confederation Main Idea – The Articles of Confederation created a weak central government and a loose alliance of independent states .
  • 2. States Write Constitutions
    • Constitution – a document that sets out the laws, principles, organization and processes of a government.
    • Why did states want constitutions?
      • To set the rights of al citizens in an official document
      • To limit the power of government
  • 3. States Write Constitutions
    • Virginia’s Constitution included a bill of rights, which is a list of freedoms that the government promises to protect.
  • 4. Articles of Confederation
    • Limited Powers:
      • New laws required approval of nine states
      • Congress could not regulate trade or set taxes
      • No president to enforce the laws
      • No courts to settle conflicts between states
  • 5. Dispute Over Western Land
    • Maryland refused to ratify the Articles until Virginia ceded, or gave up, their claim to lands west of the Appalachian Mountains
      • Maryland didn’t want larger states to become too powerful.
  • 6. Weakness of the Confederation
    • Government did not have the power to resolve conflicts between states
    • Congress couldn’t raise money to repay debts from the Revolution
    • Other countries took advantage of weak central government
  • 7. Admitting New States
    • The Land Ordinance of 1785 set up system for settling the North West Territory
      • Territory would be surveyed and divided into townships
    • The North West Ordinance provided a way to admit new states
  • 8. A Call for Change
    • After the Revolution, the nation suffered an economic depression
      • Period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall, and unemployment rises
    • Farmers Revolt:
      • Shay’s Rebellion – organized uprising of Massachusetts farmers, protesting taxes and property seizures
  • 9. A Call for Change
    • A Convention is Called
      • Leaders agree to meet to revise the Articles of Confederation
  • 10. Constitutional Convention
    • Philadelphia – May 1787
    • Goal – to revise the Articles of Confederation
    • 55 delegates from 12 states
    • George Washington elected president of the Convention
  • 11. Constitutional Convention
    • Other influential delegates:
      • James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin