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  • “Turkey – the name means “strong”, “powerful”. [Room, A. (2006). Placenames Of The World:]Turkey is a land rich in history and cultural wealth. Ancient sites and ruins scattered throughout the country give sufficient proof of each civilization's unique distinction. The world's first known settlement is found in Turkey. Upon the decline of the Ottoman Empire in the early 20th century, a young man named Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, led his country towards peace and stability that brought about tremendous economic growth and increasing modernization. Through decades of change and growth, Turkey still boasts growing success, living by Atatürk's motto of "Peace at Home, Peace in the World.”
  • Istanbul, Turkey, where two continents meet. “One of the world’s most strategic waterways—the strait between Europe & Asia connects the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara and ultimately to the Mediterranean Sea. Today it splits the city of Istanbul in two.”Notice the countries surrounding Turkey.
  • TURKEY Is a new country in an old land.Known as Anatolia, this part of the empire was the most productive part of the massive Byzantine Empire with its capital in Constantinople. The Ottoman Empire dynasty (1218-1922) endured for six centuries through the reign of thirty-six sultans.The occupation of some parts of Turkey by the Allies in the aftermath of World War I, prompted the establishment of the Turkish National Movement. Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal, a military commander, the Turkish War of Independence was waged.“Republic of Turkey" on October, 1923, with the new capital of Ankara. Mustafa Kemal - first President of Turkey, introduced many radical reforms with the aim of founding a new secular republic from the remnants of its Ottoman past.
  • Istanbul is Turkey’s largest city (approx. 12 million) and the country’s undisputed cultural and financial centerAnkara is Turkey’s capital and second-largest city (pop. 4.5 million), Ankara is the seat of government and diplomacy and is also a university town with a large student population.Edirne is one of the oldest settlements in Turkey, dating back to the Neolithic age 7.000-6.000 B.C. and was also the second largest city of the Ottoman Empire. Hence, its rich cultural heritageIzmir, a city on the Aegean coast is Turkey’s third-largest city and second most important port.
  • The Church of the Divine Wisdom (Hagia Sophia in Greek) in Istanbul is one of the most impressive and important buildings ever constructed. Events of all kinds have taken their toll on the building over the centuries, although the surviving main structure is essentially that which was first built between 532 and 537. After conquest of the city in 1453, Hagia Sophia was converted to a mosque (AyasofyaCamii), which it remained until the fall of the Ottoman empire in the early twentieth century.It served as Istanbul's most revered mosque until 1935 when Atatürk, recognizing its world-historical significance, had it proclaimed a museumSource http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/haso/hd_haso.htm
  • 17th in the world in Gross Domestic Product. It grew steadily until a sharp downturn around 2008.
  • Overall Level of Health: A good health system, above all, contributes to good health. WHO assessed overall population health using several indicatorsto see how well the objective of good health is being achieved in each country.From the World Health OrganizationProvided by http://www.photius.com/rankings
  • Notice the chart showing Internet Usage statistics from 2000 to 2010.
  • Notice the Gender gap index is well over 100 each year from 2006 -2009. The graph at the top right shows the inequality or near equality females have to them male population.The literacy rate is lower for women, partly because of expected domestic duties.
  • Out of 100 women, 10 will be Illiterate workers60 will be below high school workers15 will be High School or Vocational School15 will have Tertiary education
  • Here you see the percentage of women in profession in Turkey with those in academia the highest, at 36% Civil Service and Medicine at 33%.School Principal is the lowest with 4%.What can be done about the decline in women in the workplace?Sustaining investments on educationAffordable childcareCreating job opportunities for first time job seekers
  • Primary education is free with the exception of private schools which accommodate 2% of primary school children. Education : Compulsory for 8 years (recently decreed) A special feature of primary schools is that one teacher takes care of all the students in one class, from the first grade and continues with those children for eight years until they finish their compulsory education.High School: 3 years and free unless attending a private school at about $4000 a year.College: Unlike the earlier educational levels, students have to pay a fee of approximately 100-350 US Dollars per year at public higher education facilities.
  • Universal Decimal ClassificationThe code itself is independent of any particular language or script (consisting of Arabic numerals and common punctuation marks), and the accompanying class descriptions have appeared in many translated versions. UDC is in worldwide use, and has been published in whole or in part in 40 different languages. UDC is used in bibliographic services, documentation centers and libraries in around 130 countries world-wide. The National Library of Turkey has joined The European Library,  http://www.publiclibraries.com/world.htm
  • SCREEN-The National Library of Turkey is one of the most recent libraries in the world. The work of the National Library of Turkey was started on April 15, 1946. National Library of Turkey started serving its users in the new building on August 5, 1983.Adnan Ötüken sent to Germany to study librarianship as a result of the efforts taken the first step in a modest ceremony in the National Library's anniversary was celebrated with various activities. On April 15, which will be held at the Conference Hall of National Library activities within the scopeNational Library for Turkey's national memory of the 65-year period occurred in 39 thousand square meters, has managed to become integrated into the services, the European Library network. 2 million 919 thousand 725 increases the number of works each day with a collection of the National Library in 2002, 297 thousand 349 in 2010 an average 160 percent increase in the number of users rose to 331 771 thousand.NEWS STORY: TOP TEN LIBRARIES OF TURKEY - http://www.mkutup.gov.tr/menu/84
  • One of the important professionalbibliographic sources for Librarians is LISA (Library and Information Science Abstracts.http://www.kutuphaneci.org.tr/Turkish Librarians’ Association http://www.kutuphaneci.org.tr/
  • They producetwo professional publications:Information World a per-reviewed journal published every 6 monthsTurkish Librarianship – every 3 months
  • Most of the schools of higher learning in Turkey, were established after the Republic was established. 100 public universitiesabout 50 private, non-profit universities, which are referred to as foundation universities1453 – Istanbul University was founded and is the oldest university in Turkey1773 – establishment of Istanbul Technical University to provide engineering education in the Western sense1923 - establishment of Ankara University 1923
  • Istanbul University, as one of the oldest educational institutions, not only of Turkey, but also of the worldfounded when Mehmet the Conqueror conquered IstanbulEducation began to be available in theological schools ("medrese/madrasah" as they were then called) and, until the end of the 16th century, these schools were instrumental in educating the ruling cadres of the Ottoman societyWhen the Turkish Republic was founded, Istanbul University was the only institution of higher education.1924-As a first step in modernization, the Istanbul University in the style of European universities, rather than the madrasahs. It comprised the departments of medicine, law, literature, theology, and science. The institution was renamed “Istanbul University”.
  • The Hacettepe University has two main campuses. The first is located in the old town of Ankara and hosts the Medical Centre, and the second is the Beytepe Campus, which is 13 km from the city centre
  • Professor İhsan Doğramacı FOUNDATION(April 3, 1915 – February 25, 2010)Turkish academic of Iraqi Turkmen descent born in Erbil, Iraq, then Ottoman Empire A pediatric physician and an international leader of developmentFounder of Bilkent University, a leading private university, in Ankara, TurkeyIn 1946, he was a Co-ratifier of World Health Organization (WHO's) constitutionFirst President and the Chairman of its Board of Trustees in WHO (World Health Organization) since 1985.Founder of the Children's Hospital in Ankara, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, the first College of Nursing and several other universities in Turkey where he also served as the Rector and ChancellorStarted schools and educational facilities across the Middle East Region, especially in his home country of Israel
  • The top 8 funding agencies of 2009 are governmental based; TUBITAK And many arms of that agencyTurkey Prime Ministry: State Planning Organization (DPT)=http://www.dpt.gov.tr/ing/Technology Development Foundation of Turkey (TTGV)--Supporting R&D and technological innovation projects of the private sector in Turkey since 1991, What is TTGV?Technology Development Foundation of Turkey (TTGV) is a foundation established by 26 private sector companies, 6 public institutions and 10 umbrella organizations and 14 individuals.Since TTGV is established in accordance with the international loan agreement signed between Turkish Republic and the World Bank, it is considered one of the three foundations established by law in Turkey.TTGV is subject to all the regulations on the foundations of Turkish Republic. =http://www.ttgv.org.tr/en
  • TÜBA - The Turkish Academy of Sciences / TÜBA is an autonomous scholarly society acting to promote scientific activities in Turkey. Although it is attached to the office of the Prime Minister and is largely funded by the government, it maintains financial and administrative autonomy. The academy is headquarteredin Ankara, Turkey.“TÜBA - The Turkish Academy of Sciences”iap: the global network of science academieshttp://www.interacademies.net/Academies/ByRegion/MiddleEastCentralAfrica/Turkey.aspx
  • http://www.scimagolab.com :: http://www.scimagoir.comThis slide shows the top 5 Universities in PSHYSICAL SCIENCES PUBLICATIONS. It shows world rank, region, and rank in the country. Output ofpblications and the International collaboration is listed. CHART
  • O::OutputAn institution's publication output reveals its scientific outcomes in terms of published documents in scholarly journals.IC::International CollaborationThis value shows the institution's output ratio that has been produced incollaboration with foreign institutions. The values are computed by analyzingthe institution's output whose affiliation includes more than one country
  • NOTES
  • Author Search—
  • NOTES
  • Cites per Document vs. External Cites per DocumentAt one time, Turkey was cited more than today, it has declined dramatically.
  • This table was ranked by H index which remained flat at 158 from 1996 until present. The Number of documents increased dramatically in the last 5 years - from 19,018 to 27,318 but the citations per document reduced significantly from 5.97 per document in 2005 to .85 in 2009. In fact, looking back to 1996, the citations per document was at 8.33 which seems to indicate that the productivity has increased but the influence of the work has declined.
  • With the support of departments in government, foundations, and other funding agencies, the output from Turkey will continue. Like every country, Turkey has a unique place in the world. The country is strong and proud of their long history. They realize there are many challenges as well as possibilities ahead and move forward.

Turkey-Overview and Turkey-Overview and Presentation Transcript

  • Mustafa Kemal, "Atatürk" - Father of the Turks:
    "Peace at Home, Peace in the World.”
    REPUBLIC OF TURKEY
    Often Grouped with:
    Middle East
    Western Europe
    Southeastern Europe
    Southwestern Asia
  • REPULIC OF TURKEY
    Ottoman Empire from 1218-1922
    Duration: 640 years
    Istanbul, Turkey, where two continents meet.
  • BRIEF HISTORY
    TURKEY -- a new country in an old land.
    • Civilizations include Hittite, Thracian, Hellenistic, and Byzantine
    • Anatolia, the most productive part of the massive Byzantine Empire with its capital in Constantinople.
    • The Ottoman Empire dynasty (from 1218-1922) endured for six centuries through the reigns of thirty-six sultans.
    • Occupation in the aftermath of World War I, prompted the establishment of the Turkish national movement.
    • Turkish War of Independence was waged, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal, a military commander
    • “Republic of Turkey" was born on October 29, 1923, with the new capital of Ankara.
    • Mustafa Kemal - first President of Turkey, introduced many radical reforms with the aim of founding a new secular republic from the remnants of its Ottoman past. Atatürk and his associates regarded both religious rules and traditional cultural practices as hindrances to the creation a modern society.
    • Ideal society for Turkey was the pattern of personal and family relations that prevailed among the educated upper classes of Europe during the 1920s and 1930s.
  • Main Cities
    Istanbul is Turkey’s largest city (approx. 12 million) and
    the country’s undisputed cultural and financial center
    Ankara is Turkey’s capital and second-largest city
    (pop. 4.5 million), Ankara is the seat of government and
    diplomacy and is also a university town with a large student population.
    Edirne is one of the oldest settlements in Turkey, dating back to the Neolithic age 7.000-6.000 B.C. and was also the second largest city of the Ottoman Empire. Hence, its rich cultural heritage
    Izmir, a city on the Aegean coast is Turkey’s third-largest city and second most important port.
  • The Sultan Ahmed Mosque is a historical mosque in Istanbul,
    the largest city in Turkey and the capital of the Ottoman Empire (from 1453 to 1923). The mosque is popularly known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior.
    • The Church of the Divine Wisdom (Hagia Sophia in Greek)
    in Istanbul is one of the most impressive and important
    buildings ever constructed.
    • Events of all kinds have taken their toll on the building
    over the centuries, although the surviving main structure
    is essentially that which was built between 532 and 537.
    Source http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/haso/hd_haso.htm
  • Gross Domestic Product
  • HEALTH PERFORMANCE RANK BY COUNTRY
    Provided by World Health Organization
    191 Countries reporting
    From the World Health Organization,
    provided by
    http://www.photius.com/rankings.
  • Reference to Chart above:
    Computer Industry Almanac Inc.=
    Comp. Ind. Almanac
    International Telecommunication Union=
    ITU
    Computer Industry Almanac Inc.
    http://www.c-i-a.com
  • WOMEN IN TURKEY
    2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
    Women Leaders and Gender Parity
    The Global Gender Gap Report 2010
    www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GenderGap_Report_2010.pdf
  • EDUCATION LEVEL OF WORKING WOMEN
    10/100
    Illiterate Workers
    15/100
    Tertiary Education
    60/100
    Below High School Workers
    15/100
    High/Voc. Tech School
    Foreign Economic Relations Board of Turkey (DEİK)
    TURKSTAT
    http://www.turkey-now.org
  • WOMEN in PROFESSION
    Urbanization &
    Decline in agricultural employment
    are the two main factors that have
    contributed to decrease the share of women having or seeking jobs in Turkey
    UNICEF Worldwide
    http://www.unicef.org/turkey/gr/ge21c.html
  • EDUCATION
    Two main changes in 1923 dramatically affected Education in Turkey:
    secularization
    change of alphabet.
    The Ministry of Education has the largest budget of any with an allocation of over 22% of the national budget.
    Education : Compulsory for 8 years (recently decreed) A special feature of primary schools is that one teacher takes care of all the students in one class, from the first grade and continues with those children for eight years until they finish their compulsory education.
    High School: 3 years and free unless attending a private school at about $4000 a year.
    College: Unlike the earlier educational levels, students have to pay a fee of approximately 100-350 US Dollars per year at public higher education facilities.
    Education: Turkish Education System
    www.enjoyturkey.com/info/facts/Education.htm
  • Ankara, Turkey
    Established on April 15, 1946.
    Universal Decimal Classification
    UDC – subject= 027.7(73):024.68
     
    National Library of Turkey
  • The National Library of Turkey is one of the most recent National libraries in the world. The work of the National Library of Turkey was started on April 15, 1946 and they started serving its users in the new building on August 5, 1983.
  •                         
    LIBRARY AFFILIATIONS
    http://www.kutuphaneci.org.tr
    Turkish Librarians’ Association
    • June 3, 1961, the main charter for this
    professional organization for Turkish Librarians
    • IFLA(The International Federation of
    Library Associations and Institutions)
    • CDNL (The Conference of Directors of National Libraries)
    • CENL (The Conference of European National Librarians)
    • LIBER (The Association of European Research Libraries)
    Bibliographic sources for Librarians is
    LISA (Library and Information
    Science Abstracts).
    /
    Library Week in Turkey
    For the past 47 years, the last week in March has been celebrated as Library Week in Turkey with the goal of developing the love of reading and emphasizing the importance of books to students and the awareness of libraries for the general public.
  • PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS
  • TURKISH UNIVERSITIES
    • 100 public universities
    • about 50 private, non-profit universities, which are referred to as foundation universities
    • an additional 20 or so higher education institutions are vocational in nature or are military or police schools.
    • Although Turkish universities do not typically rank within the top 100 in the world
    • a number of schools rank in the top 500 including Istanbul University, Middle East Technical University and Bilkent University.
    • Turkish technology and engineering schools are often considered to provide an equivalent education to schools in the US.
    1453 – Istanbul University was founded and is the oldest university in Turkey
    1773 – establishment of Istanbul Technical University to provide engineering education in the Western sense
    1923 - establishment of Ankara University 1923
  • ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY
    Established in 1773
    during the time of the Ottoman Empire
  • TURKEY UNIVERSITIES
    BilkentUniversity
    enrolls 10840 students in faculties and schools on campus in Ankara, Turkey
    The HacettepeUniversity has two main campuses. The first is located in the old town of Ankara and hosts the Medical Centre, and the second is the Beytepe Campus, which is 13 km from the city center.
  • FOUNDATIONS
    Professor İhsan Doğramacı FOUNDATION
    (April 3, 1915 – February 25, 2010)
    • Turkish academic of Iraqi Turkmen descent
    • Born in Erbil, Iraq, then Ottoman Empire
    • A pediatric physician and an international
    • leader of development
    • Founder of Bilkent University, a leading private university, in Ankara, Turkey
    • In 1946, he was a Co-ratifier of World Health Organization (WHO's) constitution
    • First President and the Chairman of its Board of Trustees in WHO (World Health Organization) since 1985.
    • Founder of the Children's Hospital in Ankara, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, the first College of Nursing and several other universities in Turkey where he also served as the Rector and Chancellor
    • Started schools and educational facilities across the Middle East Region,
    especially in his home country of Israel.
  • FUNDING AGENCIESThe top 8 funding agencies of 2009 are governmental based.
  • The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey
    Established in 1963
    • Leading agency for management, funding and conduct of research in Turkey
    • Mission is to advance science and technology, conduct research and support Turkish researchers
    • Declared to be an autonomous institution
    • Governed by a Scientific Board whose members are prominent scholars from universities, industry and research institutions.
    • TUBITAK Reports directly to the Prime Minister
    • Acts as an advisory agency to the Turkish Government on science and research issues,
    • supports undergraduate and graduate students through scholarships.
  • The Turkish Academy of Sciences
    Turkish: TürkiyeBilimlerAkademisi - TÜBA
    TÜBA is an autonomous scholarly society acting
    to promote scientific activities in Turkey.
    Although it is attached to the office of the Prime
    Minister and is largely funded by the government,
    it maintains financial and administrative autonomy.
    The academy is headquartered
    in Ankara, Turkey.
    http://www.interacademies.net
  • TUBITAK ULAKBIM
    • Founded as a service unit of TUBITAK in 1996.
    • ULAKBIM's main objective is to operate a computer network enabling interaction within the institutional elements of national innovation system
    • ULAKBIM consists of
    • National Academic Network Unit: forms the academic
    network infrastructure in Turkey at all levels
    • Cahit Arf Information Center, provides information
    and document supply services nationwide
    TUBITAK
    Marmara Research Center,
    Kentriki, Turkey
    http://www.mam.gov.tr/english/
  • OTHER FOUNDATIONS
    OF TURKEY
    • The Women’s Library and Information Centre Foundation
    was founded April 14,1990 in order to ‘understand the presence of women in history, offer proper information to women researchers and preserve today’s writtendocuments for future generations’. The Foundation resides in a historical building in Fener, Istanbul which was provided by the Istanbul MetropolitanMunicipality.
    • Community Volunteers Foundation
    • Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Culture and Tourism
    • Deutsche Bank A.Ş.
    • Finansinvest
    • Fortis Bank A.Ş.
    • Horizon Investment SA
    • Western Union Foundation
    http://media.library.ku.edu.tr/KITAP/5-Ana%20metin.pdf
  • SJR WORLD REPORT 2010
    Physical Sciences
    2277 Research Institutes reporting
    SCImago Research Group, Copyright 2010.
    Data Source: Scopus®
  • SJR WORLD REPORT 2010
    Health Sciences
    1,875 Institutes and University Reporting
    SCImago Research Group, Copyright 2010.
    Data Source: Scopus®
  • SUBJECT AREAS OF PUBLICATION
    Six of 27 subject areas are shown
    with output by Medicine being the greatest.
    The four lowest ranking subject areas are listed in red.
    SCImago. (2007). SJR — SCImago Journal & Country Rank.
    Retrieved June 25, 2011, from http://www.scimagojr.com
  • AUTHOR SEARCH
    The Search performed below is limited by Author in order
    to find who authored the most during 2009.
    Available from Web of Science
  • OUTPUT FROM TURKEY
    2005-2009 with 1996 as comparison
    SJR: SCImago Journal & Country Rank /Country Search /Western Europe/Turkey
    http://www.scimagojr.com/countrysearch.php?country=TR
    Total 1996-2009
    H Index 158
    Documents 199.676
    Citable Documents 190.023
    Citations 1.110.749
    Self Citations 317.389
    Citations per Document 5.56
  • Hirsch Index Rankings
    SCImago Research Group, Copyright 2010. Data Source: Scopus®
    http://www.scimagolab.com :: http://www.scimagoir.com
    This table was ranked by H index which remained flat at 158 from 1996 until present. The Number of documents increased dramatically in the last 5 years - from 19,018 to 27,318 but the citations per document reduced significantly from 5.97 per document in 2005 to .85 in 2009. In fact, looking back to 1996, the citations per document was at 8.33 which seems to indicate that the productivity has increased but the influence of the work has declined.
  • The Republic of TURKEY
  • TURKEY .
    With courage,
    and determination,
    they move ahead.