State of EA – 2010

                                   Tim Westbrock & George Paras
                                      ...
Putting Things in Perspective




© EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved.             2
Drivers for EA

• Business change / transformation / innovation
       – Intentional and unintentional
       – Many envir...
CISR EA Maturity Findings …




© EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved.   4
Key Question




         “Are You Architecting the Enterprise?”
                                            Or
          ...
Something else to think about …

• MOST EA efforts are driven by and staffed by IT
  divisions/personnel
• How does an IT ...
Traditional View & Transitional View
        Enterprise
       Architecture
                                              ...
Transformational View

                                                      Enterprise Architecture
• Impressions:
      ...
State of the Practice of EA




© EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved.               9
Juggling Integration, Processes & Priorities


•    Strategy Development                   •   Enterprise Architecture
•  ...
How is the EA Discipline Doing?


                                   Project                                       Strateg...
We Are Doing Well


                                   Project                                       Strategy
            ...
We‟ve Made Some Progress


                                   Project                                       Strategy
     ...
We Have Some Room for Improvement


                                   Project                                       Strat...
EA as a Profession




© EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved.                 15
What makes a profession?

• Common Definition
• Consistent training and curriculum
       – University programs in the spe...
State of the EA Profession

• Bad News
       – Legally, we may not be able to call ourselves professional
         “archi...
What‟s Changing in the next 5 Years?

•    Org Split into Strategic and Tactical
•    More emphasis on business skills
•  ...
What‟s Not Changing in the next 5 Years?

•    EA remains an IT discipline for majority of
     enterprises
•    Maintain ...
What I‟d Like to See in the next 5 Years

• More consistency in semantics and terminology
• EA owns the service portfolio
...
Summary

• Not a Profession Yet
• Good things being done by a lot of individuals and groups
  to promote the evolution of ...
About EAdirections

                                            We Work WITH You To:
                                     ...
Our Approach – Build Effective EA Organizations

                                                                         ...
State of EA – 2010

                                   Tim Westbrock & George Paras
                                      ...
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EAdirections Latest Trends in Enterprise Architecture, Business Architecture, Capabilities Analysis and EA Certifications

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This presentation by George Paras and Tim Westbrock of EAdirections, entitled "State of EA - 2010" covers the latest trends in business architecture, capabilities analysis, the current strengths and weaknesses of EA, and observations on EA professional certifications.

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EAdirections Latest Trends in Enterprise Architecture, Business Architecture, Capabilities Analysis and EA Certifications

  1. 1. State of EA – 2010 Tim Westbrock & George Paras Managing Directors twestbrock@eadirections.com gparas@eadirections.com June 15, 2010 © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. Putting Things in Perspective © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 2
  3. 3. Drivers for EA • Business change / transformation / innovation – Intentional and unintentional – Many environmental factors (gov/reg, eco, tech, demo, geo, political, etc.) • Leveraging new technology capabilities – Virtualization , Proliferation of devices, Tech-tonics, Everything is Recorded Digitally, Predictive Modeling Explodes, “Zero Downtime”, Self-service “Everything”, 7x24 work availability, Ubiquitous “real-time” sensors, … • Unwieldy / unmanageable, overly complex (and changing) IT environment is an obstacle to rapid change – Lack of standards, lack of reuse and reusability, p2p interfacing, old/obsolete technologies © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 3
  4. 4. CISR EA Maturity Findings … © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 4
  5. 5. Key Question “Are You Architecting the Enterprise?” Or “Are You Architecting IT?” © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 5
  6. 6. Something else to think about … • MOST EA efforts are driven by and staffed by IT divisions/personnel • How does an IT centric view and application of EA drive Business Innovation and Transformation? • Is enterprise business architecture the domain of IT? • If not, then who creates EBA? • What about business architecture at the sub-enterprise level? – Same questions • Is EBA part of EA? Or is EA part of EBA? © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 6
  7. 7. Traditional View & Transitional View Enterprise Architecture Enterprise Architecture Business Arch Business Arch Information Arch Application Information Arch Arch Application Arch Technology Arch Technology Arch © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 7
  8. 8. Transformational View Enterprise Architecture • Impressions: – Separation of Business and IT Business Domain domains – Work Activities and Information Activity Information are the domain of the business Arch Arch – App, Data and Technology are the domain of IT – Business Activities drive the Application Architecture – Business Information drives the IT Domain Data Architecture Application Data – Technology Architecture directly Arch Arch enables data and applications (not business process/function and information) Technology Arch © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 8
  9. 9. State of the Practice of EA © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 9
  10. 10. Juggling Integration, Processes & Priorities • Strategy Development • Enterprise Architecture • Budget/Capital Planning • Portfolio Management • Procurement • Governance • Infrastructure planning • Agile Development/RUP and operations • SOA • Application Development & Integration • Cloud Computing • Business Process • Outsourcing Management/Measurement • Security/Privacy/Regulatory • Business Performance • Legal Management • Collaboration Strategies • Total Quality Management • Trends Analysis • Risk Management • Resource Planning • IT Service Management / ITIL • Etc. © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 10
  11. 11. How is the EA Discipline Doing? Project Strategy Compliance/SDLC EA Processes Lifecycle Governance Management Portfolio EA Emphasis Management Project Coaching EA Deliverables SOA Catalogs Architecture(s) Strategic SOA Asset Bus/Info Arch Standards Implementations Portfolios Industry Reference Project Designs Models Tactical Alignment Strategic Alignment EA Objective © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 11
  12. 12. We Are Doing Well Project Strategy Compliance/SDLC EA Processes Lifecycle Governance Management Portfolio EA Emphasis Management Project Coaching EA Deliverables SOA Catalogs Architecture(s) Strategic SOA Asset Bus/Info Arch Standards Implementations Portfolios Industry Reference Project Designs Models Tactical Alignment Strategic Alignment EA Objective © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 12
  13. 13. We‟ve Made Some Progress Project Strategy Compliance/SDLC EA Processes Lifecycle Governance Management Portfolio EA Emphasis Management Project Coaching EA Deliverables SOA Catalogs Architecture(s) Strategic SOA Asset Bus/Info Arch Standards Implementations Portfolios Industry Reference Project Designs Models Tactical Alignment Strategic Alignment EA Objective © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 13
  14. 14. We Have Some Room for Improvement Project Strategy Compliance/SDLC EA Processes Lifecycle Governance Management Portfolio EA Emphasis Management Project Coaching EA Deliverables SOA Catalogs Architecture(s) Strategic SOA Asset Bus/Info Arch Standards Implementations Portfolios Industry Reference Project Designs Models Tactical Alignment Strategic Alignment EA Objective © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 14
  15. 15. EA as a Profession © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 15
  16. 16. What makes a profession? • Common Definition • Consistent training and curriculum – University programs in the specialty • Governed accreditation and certification – Including national/state licensing • Common (Foundation) skills / Specialty Skills • Commonly accepted roles and responsibilities • Recognized career paths • Other traits – Common tools and methods – Professional associations – Professional code of ethics © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 16
  17. 17. State of the EA Profession • Bad News – Legally, we may not be able to call ourselves professional “architects” (TX, for instance) – Is EA a business discipline or an IT discipline? – Competing/inconsistent definitions, certifications • Good News – More focus on business architecture is causing a recognition of the conflict between EA and ITA – Groups trying to drive the formalization of EA as a profession – EA and other architects are not suffering from the current recession as much as other IT disciplines and the job market in general – Still lots of room left to mature as an IT discipline while EBA/EIA approaches, benefits, skills, models, etc. mature – EA Courses are being taught in some colleges in North America, Europe, Australia • GWU, Bentley University, CMU Heinz College in Australia, Reading University in UK (TOGAF) • Others are investigating – UCLA, Penn State © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 17
  18. 18. What‟s Changing in the next 5 Years? • Org Split into Strategic and Tactical • More emphasis on business skills • More emphasis on soft skills • New frameworks with an industry/functional/business bent PLAN DEFINE/REFI • FUTURE More consolidation of business analyst and NE BUSINESS STATE STRATEGY business architecture skills, roles and IDENTIFY STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES IDENTIFY & responsibilities CONDUCT ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYZE GAPS • ANALYSIS Better integration between EA repository, DEFINE ENTERPRISE CMDB and Asset Management tools PRINCIPLES CONDUCT IMPACT • ANALYSIS Architecture specialties (not EA) ASSESS THE PRIORITIZE ENTERPRISE – Customer facing (both business and ACTIONS technology), Supply Chain, Cloud (Service DEVELOP TRANSFORMATION PLAN & ROADMAP Provider Integration), Real-time, etc. IMPLEMENT ACTIONS • Increased Portfolio Management competencies increase value of EA • A VERY FEW (but some) EA functions transition into the business – What will they call it? © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 18
  19. 19. What‟s Not Changing in the next 5 Years? • EA remains an IT discipline for majority of enterprises • Maintain IT foundation for change – Dealing with change and complexity • Competing / Inconsistent Definitions and PLAN Certifications DEFINE/REFI NE BUSINESS FUTURE STATE • STRATEGY No integrated toolset EA, CMDB and Asset IDENTIFY STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES IDENTIFY & Management CONDUCT ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYZE GAPS • ANALYSIS The vast majority will still call it Enterprise DEFINE ENTERPRISE Architecture PRINCIPLES CONDUCT IMPACT • ANALYSIS The uniqueness of EA (process, benefits, ASSESS THE PRIORITIZE ENTERPRISE priorities and deliverables) within a given ACTIONS enterprise DEVELOP TRANSFORMATION • PLAN & ROADMAP Continued R&D and leveraging of new IMPLEMENT ACTIONS technology • Dependence on architects within IT • Expanding of architects skills and IT specialties continues © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 19
  20. 20. What I‟d Like to See in the next 5 Years • More consistency in semantics and terminology • EA owns the service portfolio – What services should the enterprise have? – Who should provide the service (internal or external SP)? – Who should consume the service? • Further integration between Service Management (ITIL) and EA processes • Consolidation of certifications • More university courses on EA • More involvement in EBA efforts from those responsible for business strategy/transformation/innovation • More companies move into the Transformation View of EA © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 20
  21. 21. Summary • Not a Profession Yet • Good things being done by a lot of individuals and groups to promote the evolution of the profession • Clarification of EA vs. ITA needed • Great position for those with a passion for enabling change, focusing on the big picture and looking forward © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 21
  22. 22. About EAdirections We Work WITH You To: • Improve the value of IT to your enterprise • Improve Enterprise Architecture (EA) programs • Refine/Tune Governance Mechanisms • Create a Portfolio-Based Culture • Integrate Management Disciplines • Unify Business/IT Perspectives Tim Westbrock • Operate a World-Class Office of the CIO • Balance the Strategic with the Tactical How We Do It: • Continuous Mentoring of IT Leaders • CIO, EA Team, PMO, Office of the CIO, etc. • Assess Org Structures, People, Teams • Build Internal Support and Sponsorship • Analyze and Drive Activity Plans George S. Paras • Review and Improve Processes & Deliverables • Contribute Relevant Examples & Research • Provide Pragmatic, Objective, Unbiased and Subscribe to our Prescriptive Feedback on Everything You Do Newsletter: http://eepurl.com/bQ4_ www.EAdirections.com © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 22
  23. 23. Our Approach – Build Effective EA Organizations Ongoing Mentoring – Make our clients more effective – IT Strategy, Business/IT Alignment, Business Transformation, Project Management, Application Portfolio, Enterprise Architecture, IT Governance, Cost Optimization, etc. – Individuals or Teams – Retainer based Assessing Activities & Review Deliverables – Provide honest feedback and prescriptive advice – Critique documents to improve effectiveness especially for C-level – Guide development of new artifacts – Ongoing review of emerging issues Building the Extended Team – Refine mission, strategy, roles and responsibilities – Establish communications strategy to enroll support – Build a culture of collaboration and effectiveness focused on „enterprise outcomes‟ Mapping the Application Systems to the FH In the diagram below, the Application Systems are mapped to the FH. This can be very effective in understanding which applications support which functions as well as possible overlap. The Application Systems use the same color coding in this map as in the previous slide. Providing „Jump Start‟ Materials & Other Research – Provide „quick & dirty‟ enterprise-wide templates for demonstrating Company ABC High Level Functional Hierarchy 1.0 Marketing 2.0 Sales 3.0 Engineering 4.0 Operations 5.0 Finance & Administration 1.1 Public Relations & Communications 1.3 Marketing Ops & Lead Generation 1.2 Advertising & Brand Management 2.1 Prospecting & Lead Management 3.2 Product Development & Design 2.4 Sales Negotiations & Contracts 3.1 Research & Development 5.7 Information Systems (IT) 5.2 Accounts Recievable 3.3 Product Engineering 5.4 Financial Reporting 5.6 Human Resources 5.3 Accounts Payable 4.5 Customer Service 2.3 Sales Proposals 4.2 Manufacturing 5.5 Internal Audit 4.1 Procurement 2.2 Qualification 5.1 Purchasing 4.3 Inventory 4.4 Shipping 4.6 Returns 5.8 Legal Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Leads Contacts Accounts Campaigns Financial System General Ledger Cash Management                                   Business/IT Alignment , Enterprise Architecture, etc. – Accounts Payable     Company ABC's Information Systems Accounts Receivable     Templates for demonstrating Business/IT alignment Fixed Assets  Supply Chain Management Order Entry  Purchasing   Inventory  Forecasting    Manufacturing Bill of Materials   Scheduling  Cost Management    Quality Control    Capacity Planning  Freight Management & Shipping – Tools for „Business Fit‟ vs. Technical Fit‟, etc. Freight Management & Shippping  Human Resources Personnel  Payroll    Benefits    Time & Attendance  Content Managent Content Management             etc. etc. etc. LEGEND  System function © EAdirections 2008. All Rights Reserved. 13 – Perform on-going research © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved. 23
  24. 24. State of EA – 2010 Tim Westbrock & George Paras Managing Directors twestbrock@eadirections.com gparas@eadirections.com June 15, 2010 © EAdirections 2010. All Rights Reserved.

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