PRELIMS• 15 questions in the field of Science and Technology• Round 2 will begin after these questions.• They are fairly simple; No need to break your heads over them.• Questions 1,4,7 and 12 are starred questions, which will come into play if there are any tie- breakers required.
1*• Till a couple of centuries ago, Aluminium was one of the most expensive substances on earth, though it was found abundantly. Bars of aluminium were displayed alongside French Crown jewels at the Exposition Universelle in 1855, and Napoleon used to give his most important guests aluminium cutlery, and the less worthy ones got to dine with just mere silver. We all know aluminium is very cheap now. What caused this massive and permanent decline in its value?
5• A X is a supernatural being in Norse mythology and Scandinavian folklore. In origin, the term X was a generally negative synonym for a jötunn (plural jötnar), a being in Norse mythology. In Old Norse sources, beings described as X dwell in isolated rocks, mountains, or caves, live together in small family units, and are rarely helpful to human beings.• Which internet terminology?
6• The Calcutta High Court has passed an injunction order to all ISP’s and mobile services providers for banning website X. Phonographic Performance Ltd, The Indian Music Industry and Sagarika Music Pvt Ltd are seeking a restraint on this site.• As per the ruling, “All ISP’s have been directed to block access to the website X by DNS name blocking, IP address blocking via routers and DPI based URL blocking.”
8• X’s launch was accompanied by a television commercial emphasizing its main feature. In the commercial a hand unthreads a manila envelope and slides it out, then opens it to wake it from sleep. The music playing is "New Soul" by Yael Naïm. Connect this with ‘Adamo’, the word which is Latin for "I fall in love with“.
• Neil deGrasse Tyson (born October 5, 1958) is an American astrophysicist and science communicator. He is 9 currently the Frederick P. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium , and a Research Associate in the Department of Astrophysics at the American Museum of Natural History. He will be hosting a new sequel to Carl Sagans Cosmos: A Personal Voyage TV series.• Voted the Sexiest Astrophysicist Alive, People Magazine in the year 2000, what caused his popularity to dip drastically in the year 2006? It sort of got revived again with the spread of this meme.
11• Raghu Rai’s was in black & white and from the front; he was facing it.• Paolo Bartholomew’s was in colour and from the side.• The eyes were blue. Sand and gravel all around. The hand is of the father.• What?
12*The name of this immensely famousproduct, involving Blinky, Pinky, Inky, Clyde and________, comes from a Japanese onomatopoeiaused for noisy eating.Upon its release, the product andsubsequently, ________ derivatives became a socialphenomenon that sold a bevy of merchandise andalso inspired, among other things, an animatedtelevision series and a top-ten hit single.What product are we talking about?
14• Wolfgang Pauli imagined its existence and called it something (lets term this variable X). James Chadwick was chasing something else; he called the other as X as well.• The Italian Enrico Fermi decided to do something about this confusion. Since what Chadwick found was bigger than what Pauli thought about, Fermi added the Italian suffix that means "little one" to Pauli’s X, thus giving the word Y‘ for it.• So what are X and Y?
Answers1. Google Patents2. Google StreetView3. Google Internet Bus4. Google Gulp
INFINITE BOUNCE• 34 Questions in Sci-Tech and Biz• +2 for each question
• The website of this tongue-in-cheek award notes : "Of necessity, the award is usually bestowed posthumously." But the candidate is disqualified if innocent bystanders are killed in the process of his 1 attempt.• Previous winners of this award include :i. A man who Juggled live hand grenadesii. A man who left a lit cigarette in a warehouse full of explosivesiii. Three Palestinian terrorists accidentally blown up by their own bombs set on Palestinian daylight saving time, one hour ahead of the local timeiv. A man who jumped out of a plane to film skydivers without wearing a parachutev. A woman who tried to play Russian roulette with a semi-automatic pistol that automatically loads the next round into the chambervi. A man who crashed through a window and falling to death in trying to demonstrate that the window was unbreakable
• Mark Zuckerberg’s, when Facebook’s IPO was out.
• “X” is a criticism of slide-based presentations referring to a state of boredom and fatigue induced by information overload during conferences and seminars such as those created by the application ___________. The phrase was 3 first coined by Angela R. Garber. Further criticisms of the cognitive effects of ___________ have been expounded by others, for example, Edward Tufte (2006)and Kalyuga et al. (1991). Wright (2009) suggests _______________ is a convenient prop for poor speakers, it can reduce complicated messages to simple bullet points and it elevates style over substance; and that these three things contribute to its popularity. The Anti ____________ Party (founded in May 2011) is a Swiss political party dedicated to decrease professional use of __________ and other such software, which the party claims "causes national-economic damage amounting to 2.1 billion CHF" and lowers the quality of a talk in "95 % of the cases". The party advocates flip charts as an alternative to ______________.• (Hint next slide)
4• When Margaret Thatcher was elected Britains first female Prime Minister on May 4, 1979, her party placed an advertisement in The London Evening News that said: "_____________________________, Maggie. Congratulations.“, in reference to a famous entertainment phenom X. This was quite a surprising revelation to fans of X, that it led to them starting an annual tradition on May 4th, and is celebrated every year hence. FITB.
5• X is an informal term for the community of American businesspeople and investors centered in Silicon Valley, who were founders or early employees of e-commerce service PayPal before founding a series of other technology companies. They are often credited with inspiring Web 2.0, and for the re-emergence of consumer-focused Internet companies after the dot com bust of 2001.
6• Bowser, even sometimes called King Koopa is the boss. Bowser’s iconic features include spikes, horns, and a shock of red hair. Bowser is physically powerful, can breathe fire, and is said to have skills in black magic.• Who are King Koopas Troopers?
7• X is a multinational computer hardware and electronics company headquartered in Taipei, Taiwan. It is named after a mythical creature Y. X was originally named after Y but later on it dropped the first three letters of Y to get a high position in alphabetical listings. In 2008 a company ____atron containing those three letters was spun off by X. X and Y.
10• This law inspired Wetriffs.com, an xkcd spinoff in which people play guitar naked in the shower.• The law started with somethingawful.com user Electric Eggs, whose drawing illustrating this phenomenon was subtitled "the internet - raping your childhood since 1996" and features a lewd illustration invoving Calvin and Hobbes.• Biblical figures, Tetris, Redwall, Final Fantasy, Imperial Walkers and an extensive collection of Star Wars, Pokemon, Digimon validate this internet law.
• George de Hevesy dissolving von Laue’s Nobel Prize in Aqua Regia to save it from Nazis
12• X is the practice of purchasing enough shares in a firm to threaten a takeover and thereby forcing the target firm to buy those shares back at a premium in order to suspend the takeover.• The term is a neologism derived from a word for threat and a slang word for money; as this practice of corporate raiders were attempts by well-financed individuals to blackmail a company into handing over money by using the threat of a takeover.
• X is first encountered by humans in the year 13 2131, when it enters the solar system at a speed and heading that will take it on a slingshot course around the sun and back out into deep space.• It is initially mistaken for a giant asteroid when first detected by SPACEGUARD, an automated radar net designed to warn Earth of potential impact threats. Its first designation is therefore a database code: "31/439".• Still believing it to be an asteroid, astronomers give 31/439 a proper name due to its size. Following the tradition of naming celestial objects after mythological figures, 31/439 becomes "X“, because by this time, all the names of Greek and Roman mythological figures have been used up.
19• The Magdeburg hemispheres are a pair of large copper hemispheres with mating rims, used to demonstrate the power of atmospheric pressure. When the rims were sealed with grease and the air was pumped out, the sphere contained a vacuum and could not be pulled apart by teams of horses.• The Magdeburg hemisphere experiment was designed by a German scientist and mayor of Magdeburg <PIC IN NEXT SLIDE>• Which TWO brands logos are inspired by this experiment?
20• This is a photo taken in the Polish Parliament recently. What was the cause?
• Protest against ACTA - The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement
21• This film was first introduced to the internet in a 2005 post in Josh Friedmans blog, nearly a year before it came out.• Nicknamed Soap, its inane title and plot summary led to the creation of numerous fansites and videos nearly a yr before its release. Viral trailer spoofs made this movie into an internet meme that became so influential that it actually prompted changes to the movie.• Sharing its name with a song by Cobra Starship, what film starring Samuel L Jackson, who’s had it with these motherfucking questions.
22• A few days back HCL Infosystems, beat TCS in a bidding war to win a 0.5 billion $ contract to run the IT infrastructure of X.
23• X is a web application that uses an artificial intelligence algorithm to hold conversations with humans. It was created in 1988 by AI scientist Rollo Carpenter, who also created Jabberwacky, a similar web application.• In the first decade of its existence, X held several thousand conversations with Carpenter and his associates. Since being launched on the web in 1997, the number of conversations has exceeded 65 million.• X took part alongside humans in a formal Turing Test at the 2011 Techniche festival IIT Guwahati on September 3, 2011. Out of the 1,334 votes cast, X was judged to be 59.3% human, compared to the rating of 63.3% human achieved by the actual humans. A score of 50% or higher is often considered to be a pass of the Turing Test.
25• Corning experimented with chemically strengthened glass in 1960, as part of an initiative called "Project Muscle". Within a few years it had developed what it named "Chemcor”. However it was never put into mass production, excepting its use in approximately hundred Dodge Dart 1968 and Plymouth Barracuda race-cars, where the reduced weight was key.• Circa 2006. Y ended up contacting the CEO of Corning, Wendell Weeks and told him that he needed a light yet strong enough ____ for use in their new product Z. Weeks told him of the X that the company had developed in the 1960s but had since been stalled. Y convinced Weeks to immediately put it into production for use in the upcoming product.• Blank is the predecessor of X.
• Y – Steve Jobs• Z – Apple iPhone• X – Gorilla Glass
29• Their father ran a photographic firm and both worked for him; X as a physicist and Y as a manager.• X had made some improvements to the still- photograph process, the most notable being the dry- plate process, which was a major step towards moving images.• It was not until their father retired in 1892 that they began to create moving pictures. They patented a number of significant processes leading up to their film camera, most notably film perforations.• They were the first proponents of ‘moving pictures for the masses’ and screened their movies in public. There is an asteroid named after them, and they were even referred to in the multi-Oscar winning movie Hugo. Who are they?
31• In the late eighteenth century, Johann Jacob X (1740–1821), a German-born naturalised Swiss watchmaker and amateur scientist developed a process to manufacture carbonated mineral water, based on a process discovered by Joseph Priestley in 1770, founding the X Company in Geneva in 1783.• Its drip marketing campaign made heavy use of an onomatopoeia in their commercials: “_____.... X," after the sound of the gas escaping as one opens the bottle.
32• One of the most controversial FB pages by far, it led to Facebook being banned temporarily in Pakistan. Dozens of pages and groups popped up demanding that ths page be taken down, and even one page calling for the boycott of Facebook itself Bigger pic next slide
33• 2011 Bollywood movie written and directed by Prawaal Raman, starring Imaad Shah (son of Naseeruddin Shah), Nishikant Kamat, Rajvir Arora, Tisca Chopra in lead roles, it was a psychological thriller.• Though it wasn’t a commercial hit, it was critically acclaimed by many reputed critics including Taran Adarsh and Sudish Kamat
34• Since the year 2007, FinnAir is official airline of a person who’s lives in the town of Rovaniemi in Finland. Ads featuring this person are used by FinnAir for it’s marketing campaign annually in 62 countries.• Who?
TIE BREAKER 1Connect (inexhaustive) :--Theory proving that string-like molecules like DNA, can become tangled and knotty spontaneously.- Traps baited with cheese used in strategic locations in Africa to combat malaria.- Kelloggs UK creating a new version of Cornflakes with a guarantee for longer crunchiness.- Discovery of Graphene.
Tie Breaker 2• This game is named for a pool cue in the "The Color of Money." When a version of this game was released on an FTP hosted at University of Wisconsin, it brought down the schools network. This game introduced WAD files, making it the first to allow modders to easily adjust the content. John Carmack was the lead programmer for this game, which was developed by John Romero. Take on the role of an unnamed marine and fight your way through Phobos, Demos, and Hell in, what 1993 ID Soft game later made into a movie starring The Rock?