DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 11/30/10 , Topic: World War I 2) Next line, write “ Opener #50 ” and then: 1) Write 1 high + 1 low in last 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost < 1-5 > too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opener by writing at least 1 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Announcements: None
Agenda 1) Eastern Front 2) American Involvement 3) If Time: WWI Film: Lost Battalion What you will be able to do: 1) How is the stalemate broken? Reminder 1) Work on your WWI Letters Project
Notes #50a , Title: “ WWI - Middle East Notes ” 1) Ottoman Empire : German ally, control Turkey and parts of Middle East ( w help of Bulgaria, cuts off Russia-Allied supply route )
2) Battle of Gallipoli (1915) : Failed British (Indian/Australian) naval assault of seaside forts defending Black Sea, 200k casualties
3) Armenian Genocide : Turkey kills 1-2 million Armenians (Christians) in Turkey (fear they side w Russia). No more Armenians in Turkey.
4) Arab Revolt (1916) : UK ( Lawrence of Arabia ) convince Palestine + Iraq to revolt from Otto. in return for independence ( promise broken ) 5) Sykes-Picot (1916) : UK + France secretly split up Mid. East ( no regard for local ppl+borders )
Journ #50a , “ Middle East Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: UK keep part of ME 1) There is early discovery of oil, vital for industrial growth 2) If UK (and France) doesn’t take ME, Russia and other industrial powers will take it PRO: UK give ME freedom 1) UK (Lawrence) promised if they fight, they get freedom 2) By colonizing the ME, it will create a century of mistrust and conflict
Notes #50b , Title: “ WWI - Russia Notes ” 6) Eastern Front : Russia had more casualties than any other ally, mass starvation, riots erupt
Notes #50a , Title: “ WWI - Russia Notes ” 7) Vladimir Lenin : Russian communist leader in exile, Germany sends him to Russia to spark another revolution ( though Kaiser hate comm. )
Journ #50b , “ Communism Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Never encourage the spread of communism 1) Ger. as an industrialized capitalist economy is anti-commun 2) Lenin can spread communism to Germany PRO: If you are Ger. send Lenin to Russia 1) Ger. needs to close the Eastern front of the war, Lenin will pull Russia out 2) Who cares about communism if Germany loses, it’s all over
Notes #50c , Title: “ WWI - Russia Notes ” 8) February Revolution (1917) : Tsar Nicholas II steps down, Alex Kerensky leads transitional govt, but won’t end the war ( hopes for victory )
Journ #50c , Title “ Video: Russian Revolution ” 1) Copy Source Title: Young Indiana Jones Chronicles 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections Time Bookmark: 00:00
Notes #50d , Title: “ WWI - Russia Notes ” 9) Russian Peace Treaty (1918) : Germany throw all troops west ( but US takes Russia’s place )
Notes #50c , Title: “ WWI - Russia Notes ” 10) Germany Gov Controlled Media : Promotes UK+France weakening, Ger. about to win now 1 front war (reality, Ger weakening too)
Notes #50c , Title: “ WWI- US Notes ” 11) US Isolationism : US ppl wanted to stay out 12) UK Needed Supplies : US loan money to UK to buy US supplies (France borrows $ too) 13) Lusitania (1915) : British cruise ship carrying war materials sinks ( 1,198 die, 128 US ) a) UK turn event into propaganda tool b) Ger. stops unrestricted u-boat, but too late
14) Unrestricted U-Boats Resume (1917) : Germany losing, gambles at “ starving ” UK into defeat (600k tons sank, UK only 6 wk supplies) 15) Zimmerman Telegram : Ger. For. Sec. Zim. sends secret note to Mexico to ask them to join Central powers (UK had deciphered Ger. secret code machines)
Notes #50a , Title: “ WWI- US Notes ” 16) US Congress Declares War (4/06/1917) : US not prepared to fight, but had fresh men + industry
“ On the first of February, we intend to begin unrestricted submarine warfare . In spite of this, it is our intention to endeavor to keep the United States of America neutral . In the event of this not succeeding, we propose an alliance on the following basis with Mexico: That we shall make war together and make peace together. We shall give generous financial support , and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona . The details of settlement are left to you.”
14 Points : US Pres. Wilson argues war fought to prevent future wars thru defending freedom , world cooperation , + self-determination
“ We have no selfish ends to serve. We desire no conquest, no dominion… we shall fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our hearts - for democracy , for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own Governments , for the rights and liberties of small nations, for a universal dominion of right by such a concert of free peoples as shall bring peace and safety to all nations and make the world itself at last free.” -US President Wilson
Journ #50d , Title “ Wilson’s 14 Points ” 1a) Write in 4 words or less what that point is. 1b) Write in 4 words or less what you think of that point. X) Last, ask your partner, if living in 1917, would you be convinced by President Wilson’s 14 Points to join the war? ( include their name at the end ).
Notes #50b , Title: “ WWI- US Notes ” 17) 14 Points : US President Wilson presents 14 goals for the end of the war: a) Reduce military weapons (M) b) Alliances should be made in the open (A) c) Nationalism of ppl should be respected by creating borders that respect cultures (N) d) Trade should be open (I) e) People of the world should self-determine their form of govt (I) f) Create an international league of nations that can collectively resolve conflicts (A)
Journ #50e , Title “ Video: Excavation Prep ” 1) Copy Source Title: Trench Life 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections Time Bookmark: 00:00
War Letters 2 Rough Draft On the piece of paper : Draft what it would feel like to fight in the trenches.