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111909 Gov Team Congress 50m
 

111909 Gov Team Congress 50m

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    111909 Gov Team Congress 50m 111909 Gov Team Congress 50m Presentation Transcript

    • Welcome Gov Team! Date: 11/19/09 , Topic: Legislative Branch Think of items to discuss. Announcements: Sweatshirts Intro Music:
    • Gov Team Agenda 1) Congress 2) Tu: Follow Up Q Research Unit To Dos 1) Come up with possible follow up questions and your possible responses in your unit meetings. Reminder 1) Sign-up for Unit Const. this week 2) Computers: Block + Friday (reg sched)
    • Listen baby Ain't no mountain high Ain't no valley low Ain't no river wide enough, baby If you need me, call me No matter where you are No matter how far Don’t worry baby Just call out my name I'll be there in a hurry You don't have to worry There ain't no mountain high enough Ain't no valley low enough Ain't no river wide enough To keep me from getting to you, baby Remember the day I set you free I told you You could always count on me darlin And from that day on I made a vow I'll be there when you want me Some way, some how Cause baby There ain't no mountain high enough Ain't no valley low enough Ain't no river wide enough To keep me from getting to you, baby
    • Speech Process A-Assign Sections : - Open up discussion of big Q (1 ppl) - Bullet 1 (1-2 ppl) - Bullet 2 (1-2 ppl) - Close discussion of big Q (1-2 ppl) S-Sign Post : “Be verbally obvious which part of Q you are addressing A - Authenticate : Is it true to you? P - Proof : Verify you prove what you say (Whole speech target: 3:30-3:45min)
    • Followup Process A - Answer : Quick answer to their question S - Story : Background on the issue A - Analysis : Detailed answer to their question (including other POVs) P - Proposal : Recommendation on what should be done (All responses need to be short and spoken slowly. Try to get 3 people on a question, but never all 5)..
    • Unit Intensives : We win, and lose together. Each blue choose 1 person to target Up (at the table): Unit Judging (at the judging table): Unit Question List (reg seats): Unit Com List (reg seats): Unit Research Sheet (reg seats): Unit Debrief (outside): Unit
    • Unit Hearings : Working together, we win. Speech = 4 minutes, Followup= 8 minutes Presenters (Targets): 1) Present your speech and answer followups . 2) Take notes on feedback from the coaches. Coaches (Everyone Else): 1) Records feedback to give at the end. 2) Ask the group follow up questions . Extra Roles 1) 1 person to read the question before they start 2) 1 person keeps time
    • Mr. Chiang’s 7 Speech Tips 1) 3 Part: Opening > Argument > Closing 2) Think of your audience and use local examples 3) Stories are remembered 4) Cite authoritative evidence 5) Call audience to action 6) Repetition, pauses, tone 7) Speak slowly and make eye contact (you make like looking over heads) Last, the majority of speech is body language, not words.
    • Notes #39a , Title: “ Congress Election Notes ” 1) Incumbency Rate : Rate that person in office is reelected, incumbents raise more money+name ID 2) House Races (Every 2 Years) : Avg Spent: 1 Million. Incumbency Rate: 98% ( rely more on PAC ) 3) Senate Races (Every 6 Years) : Avg Spent: 3-6 Million. Incumbency Rate: 88% 4) Midterm Elections: H+S races happen each presidential election, but also each even yr between pres. election, your vote for congress (and state/local candidates) matters ( low turnout ) The last Cupertino City Council race and school measure passed with less than 400 votes! One day CA may become a contested swing state, especially if a CA politician runs for president.
    • Work #39a , “ Expanded Public Funding Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Taxpayers should not be paying for camp. 1) A public funding system favors 2 parties, and SIG would still indep spend on candidates 2) $5 billion is better spent elsewhere or given back to the taxpayers PRO: For $5 billion a year we can fund publically fund every fed cand (0.2%) 1) President and Congress can ignore SIG, less pork may save more than $5 bil 2) Better laws will be made when they can focus on lawmaking + ppl’s interest
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    • Work #39b , “ Term Limits Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Term limits are bad 1) Running gov takes experience and relationships, term limits equals bad politicians 2) Term limits make politicians pay musical chairs with offices, and empower exp. lobbyist PRO: Congress needs term limits like CA gov (13) 1) The corruption and lack of innovation we see in gov is b/c they never leave 2) Career politicans make them think the ppl work for them, instead of them working for the people.
    • Notes #39b , Title: “ Congress Election Notes ” 5) Gerrymandering : Party that controls state govs draw HoR borders to favor their party OR borders that create safe districts . FLORIDA 22nd District Seat
    • Work #39c , Title “ Gerrymander ” Each letter are blocks to make districts of 4 blocks R D D R R D D R R D D R R D D R Safe Seats: 3 or more D or R Competitive Seat: 2 D vs 2 R Copy the chart above in your workbook 3 times. 1-3) Create 3 maps: that’s Pro-R , Pro-D , and fair .
    • Annually… $120 Billion for Medicine for Seniors If spend on college students…. Given there are 12 Million College Students $10,000 Tuition Credit For Every Student Local Tuition UC $8,000 (leaving $2,000 for books, misc) CSU $3,800 (leaving $6,200 for books, misc) Top Cooking School (CIA) $11,000 (many much cheaper) Top Mechanic School (UTI) $15,000 (many much cheaper)
    • Review 1) Legislative Branch : Research laws, creates laws, and investigates if laws are being carried out by the executive branch 2) Executive Branch : President overseas the bureaucracy in executing the laws of Congress 3) Judicial Branch : Interprets the constitutional and laws for the country when people disagree to their interpretation.
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    • Notes #40a , Title: “ Congress Intro Notes ” 1) republican Govt (little r) : Method of gov by representatives 2) Bicameral Legislature : US legislature divided into 2 independent parts: House of Representatives (elected) and Senate (initially state appointed, 1913: now elected)
    • 3) Purpose of Legislature : a) Create laws (legislate, tax bills orig in House) b) Conduct investigations (hearings) c) Help citizens with US gov (case work) 4) House of Reps (435/Honda) : Local US rep, serve 2 yr term/no limits. Tends to be more extremist (less intimate + more extreme voters) 5) Senate (100/Boxer+Feinsten) : State US rep, serve 6 yr term/no limit. Tends to be more moderate (more intimate + broader voters) http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2009/freshman.year/
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    • SENATE  WHITE HOUSE HOUSE OF REPS SUPREME COURT OUT BACK
    • Work #40a , “ Bicameral Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: 2 Too Slow 1) 2 chambers means a bill has to go through 2 places, slowing things down 2) Senate is a waste, why should a small state have 2 senators like a big state PRO: 2 Chambers Good 1) 2 chambers allows to separate eyes to look at any bill 2) 2 chambers allows small states to have more power in 1 chamber, and big states in another
    • 34 Dem HoR 19 GOP HoR 53: HoR Seats
    • HoR DEM: 258, GOP: 177
    • Senate DEM: 60, IND: 2 (Liberal), GOP: 40
    • Work #40b , “ Divided Gov Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Good to have 1 party control congress, another the presidency 1) We need a gov with checks against waste and abuse, parties do that 2) Parties bring different ideas to gov PRO: We need unified gov, all GOP or all DEM 1) Terrorism, economic crisis, global warming, we need a can do gov 2) Parties just waste time fighting on petty issues
    • Notes #40b , Title: “ Congress Notes ” 6) Committee: Small groups with in H + S, for efficiency + experience . 1) Committee votes: 1/2+ 2) Floor votes: 1/2+ (If a Senate filibuster, 60+ for S) 3) Other chamber: (H or S) 4) Conference Comm: Works out differences, then both floors vote again (1/2+) 5) Pres Signs or Override Veto: 2/3 H + S
    • Notes #40b , Title: “ Congress Notes ” 6) Committee: Small groups with in H + S, for efficiency + experience . 1) Committee votes: 1/2+ 2) Floor votes: 1/2+ (If a Senate filibuster, 60+ for S) 3) Other chamber: (H or S) 4) Conference Comm: Works out differences, then both floors vote again (1/2+) 5) Pres Signs or Override Veto: 2/3 H + S
    • 7) Committee Work : Most of H + S time is spent their committees ( public, you can go watch ). a) Role of Committees : To research a bill ( hearings ) + to edit bills ( mark up ). b) Power of Committees : If a com. doesn’t like the bill (less than 1/2 of com), bill is DEAD ! 8) Committee Chairman : Usually most senior member of the com. from majority party a) Role of Chairman : Leadership + efficiency b) Power of Committee Chairman : Controls the com. schedule + what investigations are called Committee on Agriculture Committee on Appropriations Committee on Armed Services Committee on the Budget Committee on Education and Labor Committee on Energy and Commerce Committee on Financial Services Committee on Foreign Affairs Committee on Homeland Security Committee on the Judiciary Committee on Rules Committee on Science and Technology
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    • 9) Most Powerful Committees: a) Rules Committee : Rules committee last place all H bills go b4 floor vote. Rules sets the rules on floor debate ( how long to talk, what changes can be made ). Rules can delay or kill any bill. Only HoR has Rules C b) Appropriations Committee : All bills that cost money will pass through this com. HoR + Senate both have App Com
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    • 10) Hearings: Committees calls experts to testify on a proposed bill OR if current law is being enforced (testimony is under oath)
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    • Senator Joe McCarthy (R-Wisconsin) Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (formerly the Committee on Government Operations)
    • Journalist Edward Murrow Gained fame as a radio journalist during WWII, he made an investigative news show for CBS called “See It Now” (shows like 60 Minutes and 20/20 are the heirs of this news type)
    • Notes #41a , Title: “ Congressional Powers ” 1) Unique Senate Power : a) Amendments : Any senator can suggest bill edits ( even riders ) b) Filibuster : Any senator can talk to delay a bill ( Cloture: 60 votes needed to stop a filibuster) c) Confirm Presidential Appointees : 1/2+ d) Ratify Treaties : 2/3+
    • Notes #41a , Title: “ Congressional Powers ” 2) Unique HoR Power : a) Introduce taxes : Only HoR has Ways + Means Com. to introduce taxes Reminder that the House is more extreme and has more rules.
    • Notes #41a , Title: “ Congressional Powers ” 4) Power of the Party in Control of that Chamber : a) Approve laws : By definition, over 1/2+, so they can pass laws without other party. b) Call Investigations : Look into problems c) Appoint Committee Chairpersons : Sets schedule
      • 5) Most Powerful Member of Congress
      • Speaker of the House and Senate Majority Leader : HoR member elected by majority party. Keeps party order by picking which com. you are in and which committee’s bills are sent to.
      • Speaker of the House: Nancy Pelosi
      • Senate Majority Leader: Harry Reid
      • b) Other Powerful Members:
      • House Rules Chairperson: Louise Slaughter
      • House Ways & Means: Charles Rangel
      • House Finance: Barney Frank
      • House Appropriations: David Obey
      • Senate Appropriations: Robert Byrd
      • Senate Judiciary: Patrick Leahy
    • Diane Feinstein’s Committees (Former SF Mayor) Appropriations Judiciary Barbara Boxer’s Committees (Career Politician) Commerce+Science Environment*, Foreign Relations Ethics* Mike Honda’s Committees (Sunnyvale HS Teacher) Appropriations *Chair of that committee
      • Work #41a , Title “ Role of Congress ”
      • 1) What kind of laws should Congressman Honda make?
      • Laws that benefit the politician (PAC money)
      • Laws based on what the politician thinks is best for his/her local community (Pork barrel)
      • c) Laws based on what the politician thinks is best for the whole nation
      • d) Laws based on what the voters in his community want him/her to do
      • e) Laws based on what the politician personally thinks is best
      • Building a new fighter jet:
      • Pass law appropriating money for aircraft company that donates to the politician.
    • F-22 Fighter Program Cost: $62 billion, $137 million per plane. Parts of it are built in 200 congressional districts.
    • Work #41b , Title “ Role of Congress ” Building a new fighter jet, how should Honda vote: a) Pass law appropriating money for aircraft company that will build part of the jet in your community , even if it makes the jet more expensive . b) Pass law appropriating money for aircraft company that will build part of the jet in the most efficient manner, but will bring no jobs to your community . c) Voting against the law appropriating money for aircraft company because your community voter’s are against military spending , though you are for it. d) Voting against the law appropriating money for aircraft company because you personally are against it . 1) Write what your partner wrote ( include their name ).
    • Notes #41b , Title: “ Congress Notes ” 6) Kinds of Incentives for Congressmembers : a) Money: Need to run for re-election (2 or 6 yrs) (you a donor, party leadership money, + president star power all sources) b) President: Veto your bills (2/3 vote to override) pres/exec branch can not be helpful, pres can campaign for you/against you, not invite to parties c) Media: Need to not look bad to voters d) Beliefs: Personal desire to do what’s right e) Voter Demands: Voter input in visits to office, letters, phones, emails, and faxes REMEMBER GOVT WORKS FOR YOU!
    • Notes #41b , Title: “ Congress Notes ” 6) Kinds of Incentives for Congressmembers : a) Money: Need to run for re-election (2 or 6 yrs) (you a donor, party leadership money, + president star power all sources) b) President: Veto your bills (2/3 vote to override) pres/exec branch can not be helpful, pres can campaign for you/against you, not invite to parties c) Media: Need to not look bad to voters d) Beliefs: Personal desire to do what’s right e) Voter Demands: Voter input in visits to office, letters, phones, emails, and faxes REMEMBER GOVT WORKS FOR YOU!
    • Notes #42a , Title: “ Lobbying Notes ” 1) Lobbying : Act of persuading congress a) Expert info , provide research (think tanks) b) Donate money (if SIG donates, it’s a PAC) c) Using the media (letters to the editor, press release, rallies, protest, other attention getters) d) Campaigning for or against them either with them or independently (talk to voters, mail ads) e) Sue in court to pressure Congress 2) Buckley v Valeo (1976) : Court states political speech is the most protected, money=speech ANYONE CAN DONATE OR SPEND ON CAMPAIGNS, THOSE WHO DO HAVE POWER! THOSE WHO BUNDLE EVEN MORE POWER!
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    • Notes #42a , Title: “ Lobbying Notes ” Education Case Study: 3) NEA/CTA : Teacher’s union donates to support teachers + promote liberal causes ( mostly ads ). 4) Make Your Own Special Interest Group (SIG) : No permission needed, anyone can start a SIG: a) Bring together ppl on a common cause b) Investigate candidates’ position on your cause c) Endorse candidates d) Donate part of member dues to candidate (PAC) e) Members campaign for the candidate f) Monitor if candidate defends your cause, otherwise, support other in next election
    • Special Interest Groups: Anyone can make one!
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    • Work #42a , Title “ Lobbying ” Work with partner ( include their name ), think of which lobbying tool from your Notes 40b, 2a-e would each group use first (many SIGs use every method): 1) College student animal rights group 2) Coalition of cell phone service companies 3) Statewide gay rights group 4) Nationwide global warming group 5) For your teen special interest group, which methods can teens best utilize? 6) Come up with your own SIG ( be creative ) Be prepared to present.
    • Notes #42a , Title: “ Lobbying Notes ” 3) Pork barreling : Passing laws that bring jobs to their community AND/OR SIGs a) Earmarks : Adding wording to a bill for spending on a very specific item. b) Riders : Adding something to a bill that has nothing to do with bill (earmarks can be riders)
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    • CA High Speed Rail $40 Billion Dollar Project Price Tag
    • Boston Underground Freeway $20 Billion Dollar Project Total
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    • Current Debt: $12 Trillion This Year’s Contribution : $1 Trillion Per Tax Payer: $80,000 Per American: $40,000
    • Work #42a , Title “ Making Earmarks and Riders ” Riders can be earmarks , earmarks can be riders , but not always. Rider (off topic) isn’t related to the main content of the bill, earmarks ($) sometimes are related, sometimes aren’t. Work with partner ( include their name ): 1) Create a earmark (think of something in Cupertino you want Honda to spend federal tax money on ( pork spending ). 2) Create a rider to the education bill we will write tomorrow that has NOTHING to do with education .
    • Work #42b , “ Pork Barrel Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5
      • CON: Honda should make sure the country overall is better off
      • Our rep defends the country
      • 2) If we spend like this, we’ll go deeper into debt
      PRO: Honda’s job is to bring home pork to Cupertino 1) We elect a local rep to defend local needs 2) If we don’t fight for federal tax money to be used here, other ppl will take it all for their places
    • Review 1) House of Reps : 435 members, 2 year terms 2) Senate : 100 members, 6 year terms 3) Commiteees : Investigate and edit bills + problems 4) Committee Chairpersons : Set com. schedule 5) Speaker of the House/Senate Majority Leader : Picks committees and sends bills to committee: goal is to keep party disciplined 6) Committee Vote : Over 1/2 7) Floor Vote : Over 1/2 8) Filibuster : Senator’s power to delay a bill to death 9) Cloture : 60 votes to stop filibuster 10) Veto : President kills the bill 11) Veto Override : 2/3 to override presidential veto 12) Earmarks : Bill wording that specifices spending 13) Riders : Adding to a bill something off topic
    • Review All committee: votes: 1/2+ All floor votes: 1/2+ (60% to stop Senate filibuster) Override presidential veto: 2/3 of HoR + S
    • Introduced in House or Senate by Mr. Chiang 1) Speaker of the House or Senate Majority Leader will send it to committees. The Whip will deliver it. 2) Committee Chairman will priorities bills and lead committee discussion and write down committee edits. 3) Chairman holds Committee Votes ( 1/2+) 4) Send to Any Other Committee Listed. In House, Rules Committee is the Last Place Before a Floor Vote 5) Bills Ready for the Floor are Sent to Speaker of the House or Senate Majority Leader 6) Floor Debate (In Senate, Senators Can Attempt Filibusters, 60% to Stop ) 7) Floor Vote ( 1/2+) 8) Sent to Other Chamber ( Steps 1-7 again ) 9) Conference Committee Works Out Differences (skip in simulation) 10) President Signs or Congress Attempts Override ( 2/3 )
    • Review-Congress a) Create new laws ( bill : not yet passed law)
    • Review-Congress b) Research new laws and monitor if the Executive Branch is enforcing old laws (hearings)
    • Review-Congress c) Help constituents/citizens (case work)
    • Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + work sections for a possible workbook quiz . 2) Pick and listen to your 4 news podcast by next Monday. Embrace the freedom that this very moment is a fresh chance to make yourself the person you want to be. Workbook Check: If your name is called, drop off your workbook with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your workbook is not turned in )
    • Flash Debate <<<<<<<<<<<<<< ONE-PRO <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< A B >>>>>>>>>>>>>>> FIVE-CON >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
    • Each side has 4-5 debaters and 2 filters . Everyone fills out papers when they have ideas, and pass them to filters. Filters pass papers to debaters . Debate Format 60 seconds – Talk to Team 60 seconds – Opener Pro Side 60 seconds – Opener Con Side 60 seconds – Rebuttal Pro Side 60 seconds – Rebuttal Con Side 1 2 3 4 5 PRO CON
    • BOOK SHELVES CHIANG’S DESK 1 5 4 6 10 28 37 PURPLE: FILTERS TV 7 38 SIDE WHITE BOARD DOOR 12 9 11 25 2 19 24 20 21 26 33 3 29 34 22 36 27 31 32 30 35 23 18 17 YELLOW: DEBATERS M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F FILE CABINETS NOTES: 14 13 15 16 M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F M T W T F 8 M T W T F LCD 38 M T W T F 26 M T W T F 5 M T W T F
    • Work #20 , Title “ Speech Rounds ” 1) In your workbook write down an outline to what you plan to say for Round 1 . 2) In your workbook write down an outline to what you plan to say for Round 2 . Person 1 Person 2 Round 1: Pro Con Round 2: Con Pro Each Round: Pro goes first, audience fills out slip for each speaker . 9-10’s should be rare! Audience writes their name under “Name:_” Write speaker’s name under “Speaker:_”
    • Work #20 , Title “ Speech Rounds 2 ” Each group, nominate your top speaker to move on to Round 2 to battle the best from other groups. Person 1 Person 2 Round 1: Pro Con Round 2: Con Pro Each Round: Pro goes first, audience fills out slip for each speaker . 9-10’s should be rare! Audience writes their name under “Name:_” Write speaker’s name under “Speaker:_”
    • Work #20 , Title “ Moot Court Prep ” US (Gov, AD) v. GI Jane (Applicant, RP) Write these in your workbook: 1) Greeting Statement 2) Issue Statement 3) Facts of the Case 4) Legal Arguments SKIP: Possible Rebuttals 5) Closing Statement 14 th Amendment : “ shall any State nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” (reverse incorporated by the 5 th Amendment’s SDP)
    • Work #20 , “ Problem Solving ” Work as a group: 1) List what X feels and needs . 2) List what Y feels and needs . 3) List what deeper needs they hold in common . 4) Write a compromise that uses their common needs to create solution . Problem to Resolve: A
    • Work #20 , “ Consensus ” 1) Appoint a facilitator whose job is to get everyone to participate and further the discussion, write his/her name . 2) Share ideas one voice a time in a circle . List main points of each person under 2) . 3) Resolve the issue, make sacrifices to reach close consensus ( 3/4, 75% agreement), write under 3). Consensus : means voting yes if you can live with the compromise, and are willing to back it . Write down the solution under 3) . Issue to Resolve: A
    • Work #20 , “ Document Circles ” Read your own doc and prepare for when it’s your turn to facilitate group discussion. From your document, write down: 1) Talking points that summarize the most important ideas/take away of your doc. 2) Questions/ideas you will say to facilitate a group discussion on your doc. Then with your whole group: 3) Share all your ideas, write down notes on what they shared. Share in order sequence of doc. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
    • Work #20 , Title “ Same Document ” Individually, read, and then answer: 1) Write down what you consider the main ideas of the document ( at least 3 ). Then with your partner: 2) Write down what you both think is the 1 most important (of the 3) idea/take away from the doc. 3) Write down 1 reason why this document might be significant/useful in your life and/or society. 4) Write down how much you both trust this document, do you detect their motive or bias ? ( include their name at the end ) 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
    • Work #20 , “ Document Share ” Divide the doc among the group ( you may need to read a little before or after your assigned section ), read, record, and report. 1) Write down what you consider the main ideas (at least 3) from your assigned section . Then with your whole group: 2) Share all your ideas, write down notes on what they shared. Share in order sequence of doc. 3) Write down what you ALL think is the 1 most important idea/take away from the WHOLE doc. 4) Write down how much your group trust this document, do you detect their motive or bias ? 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections