Good Day! DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 11/12/09 , Topic: Imperialism in China and Japan 2) On the next line, write “ Opener #41 ” and then: 1) Plot your mood, reflect in 1 sent . 2) Respond to the opener by writing at least 2 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Other things going on in the news. Announcements: None Intro Music: Untitled
Agenda 1) Introduce Imperialism in China 2) Introduce Imperialism in Japan 3) Hear Speeches What you will be able to do: 1) Know how Japan gets ahead Reminder 1) No Homework
<ul><li>Quiz (30 Points) </li></ul><ul><li>Clear desk of everything except a writing tool </li></ul><ul><li>When done, turn quiz face down. </li></ul><ul><li>Circle </li></ul><ul><li>just the dots. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Quiz # RQ </li></ul>
Speeches, Turn-in this order: Top, 1) Speech 2) Citation List 1 3) Citation List 2 Bottom, 4) 4 Source (just 1 st 2 pages of each)
Review 1) Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) : Dictatorial rule of an emperor/ress , China felt superior to other nations, needed nothing foreign ( Empress Ci Xi (Dowager) > Emperor Guang Xu > Ci Xi again > Emperor Puyi )
2 ) Opium Wars (1839) : China attempts to stop opium trade, Britain goes to war to defend free trade 3) Unequal Treaty/Treaty of Nanjing (1842) : a) China must open ports b) Foreigners need only obey for. laws , not China’s c) British gain Hong Kong 2 nd Opium Wars, rest of Eur.+US get a-b (later Japan)
2) Sino-Japanese War (1894) : Newly industrialize Japan defeats China , take Taiwan
3) Hundred Days of Reform (1898) : Emperor Guang Xu encourages reformers , Ci Xi arrest her son, and conservatives back in control a) Reformers : Wanted China to “ self strengthen ,” they developed Eur. factories, Eur. weapons, translated Eur. technical books b) Conservatives : Closest advisors to the Ci Xi argued western ideas/tech pollute Chinese culture
1898 Peking Gazette reporting on the 100 Days of Reform 1. The establishment of a university at Peking. 2. The sending of imperial clansmen to foreign countries to study the forms and conditions of European and American government. 3. The encouragement of the arts, sciences and modern agriculture . 7. Urged that the Lu-Han railway should be prosecuted with more vigour and expedition. 8. Advised the adoption of Western arms and drill for all the Tartar troops. 9. Ordered the establishment of agricultural schools in all the provinces to teach the farmers improved methods. 10. Ordered the introduction of patent and copyright laws . 26. The slow courier posts were abolished in favour of the Imperial Customs Post . 27. A system of budgets as in Western countries.
4) Boxer Rebellion (1899) : Desperate anti-foreign feelings and increased nationalism leads war to expel foreigners and their technology . 1) Killed foreigners and all Chinese who had any connection of foreign culture. 2) Burned foreign merchandise 3) Destroyed schools and churches 4) Demolished railroad tracks 5) Cut down telegraph lines Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists
5) Open Door Policy (1899) : US not prepared to fight for a piece of China argued China should be open to all trade + foreigners.
Map of Shanghai and parts controlled by foreigners.
6) Wuchang Revolution (10/10/1911) : Military officers and foreign educated Chinese bring back Eur. enlightenment ideas, and overthrow emperor. a) Sun Yat Sen : Leading reformer becomes president for 1 year, China then split by warlords and political groups b) Sun’s 3 Principles of the Ppl : 1) Chinese nationalism 2) End foreign domination 3) Strengthen Chinese economy (factories and redistribute land)
7) Chinese Century of Shame : G.O.P.A.I. G) Government weak under Qing Dynasty O) Opium trade P) Payments to Europe for war losses: indemnity A) Arrogance regarding reform I) Internal fighting before and after the revolution
Work #41a , Title “ 1800 Humanity Speeches ” 1-x) a) Student Name b) Country Name After the speech: c) Aud Opinion, Country: Good/Bad d) Score 1-100
Notes #41b , Title: “ Imperial Japan Notes ” 1) Tokugawa Shogun (1603-1868) : Traditional military leader controlled all of Japan Emperor kept on as a symbolic head. 2) Japanese Seclusion (1635-1853) : Japan closed itself to Westerners and their ideas
3) Opening of Japan (1853) : US Commodore Perry opens Japan (with display of force)
4) Meiji Restoration (1868-1912) : Ppl ashamed of their weakness to the West, overthrow shogun and place emperor in power. (Emperor Mutsuhitito takes name of Meiji Emperor “Enlightened”) 5) Fokoku Kyohei : Emperor’s command for the country: “ Rich country, Strong Military ”
6) Meiji Reforms : a) Send Observers/Students : To all western countries to learn and copy b) Hire Western Experts : Goal of having them teach Japanese, then send experts away and have Japanese teach Japanese c) Copied German Gov + Constitution : Treat people equally, strong rule of law, but emperor in total control ( like the German Kaiser ) d) Modernized Economy : Set up mail, railroads, telegraphs, banks, schools/colleges ( esp. tech ) e) Gov Targeted Investments : Gov spent tax money to create biz in key areas, sell off later f) Modern Military : With strong economy, buy western weapons
7) Japan’s Advantage : a) Homogenous : Same race/language/culture = extreme nationalism b) Unity : All worshiped the emperor c) Reformers in Charge : Emperor was a reformer
Work #41a , Title “ Meiji Industrialization ” Read, and write answers to these questions: 1) Source: Dr. Peter Duus 1) How did Japan view borrowing money from foreigners? 2) How did Japan use foreign experts ? 3) How did Japan use students to make the country stronger? Bonus Q 4) If China had stuck with these same reforms, could it have become strong? Be prepared to present.
Work #41b , “ Japan Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Japan Gave Up Too Much 1) Japan gave up its own identity, that’s too much 2) Japan can reform without giving up so much culture PRO: Japan Did the Right Thing to Become Strong 1) Japanese ways were backwards 2) Change was needed to stand up against the Europeans and Americans