110910 world china imperialism 100m

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110910 world china imperialism 100m

  1. 1. DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 11/04/10, Topic: Imperialism – China and Japan 2) Next line, write “Opener #41” and then: 1) Write 1 high+1 low in last 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost<1-5>too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opener by writing at least 1 sentences about: Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND
  2. 2. Agenda 1) Introduce Imperialism in China 2) Introduce Imperialism in Japan What you will be able to do: 1) Know how Japan gets ahead Reminder 1) Study for Test 2 and complete podcast
  3. 3. Quiz (30 Points) 1) Clear desk of everything except a writing tool 2) When done, turn quiz face down. 3) Circle just the dots. 4) Quiz # 1
  4. 4. Review 1) Qing Dynasty (1644-1911): Dictatorial rule of an emperor/ress, China felt superior to other nations, needed nothing foreign (Empress Ci Xi (Dowager)> Emperor Guang Xu > Ci Xi again > Emperor Puyi)
  5. 5. 2) Opium Wars (1839): China attempts to stop opium trade, Britain goes to war to defend free trade 3) Unequal Treaty/Treaty of Nanjing (1842): a) China must open ports b) Foreigners need only obey for. laws, not China’s c) British gain Hong Kong 2nd Opium Wars, rest of Eur.+US get a-b (later Japan)
  6. 6. Opium War Clip: 1:02, 1:18, 1:22, 2:16
  7. 7. Journ #41a, “Opium Debate” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why. 2) Then write down what your partner thinks (include their name at the end). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: UK was wrong 1) China doesn’t have to buy any UK goods 2) Drugs are too addictive, so they must stop supply first 3) Drug dealers (nations) should be arrested! PRO: UK was justified 1) China refused to buy non-drug products 2) This war isn’t about drugs, but about freedom of trade, stop your own ppl from wanting to buy 3) China arrested Brits!
  8. 8. Notes #41a, Title: “China Imperialism Notes” 1) Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864): Hong Xiuquan, thought he was Jesus’s brother, rallied poor in failed revolt, 20 mil die! China weakened more.
  9. 9. 3) Hundred Days of Reform (1898): Emperor Guang Xu encourages reformers, Ci Xi arrest her son, and conservatives back in control a) Reformers: Wanted China to “self strengthen,” they developed Eur. factories, Eur. weapons, translated Eur. technical books b) Conservatives: Closest advisors to the Ci Xi argued western ideas/tech pollute Chinese culture
  10. 10. 1898 Peking Gazette reporting on the 100 Days of Reform 1. The establishment of a university at Peking. 2. The sending of imperial clansmen to foreign countries to study the forms and conditions of European and American government. 3. The encouragement of the arts, sciences and modern agriculture. 7. Urged that the Lu-Han railway should be prosecuted with more vigour and expedition. 8. Advised the adoption of Western arms and drill for all the Tartar troops. 9. Ordered the establishment of agricultural schools in all the provinces to teach the farmers improved methods. 10. Ordered the introduction of patent and copyright laws. 26. The slow courier posts were abolished in favour of the Imperial Customs Post. 27. A system of budgets as in Western countries.
  11. 11. Summer Palace (1888)
  12. 12. 7) Sino-Japanese War (1894): Newly industrialize Japan defeats China, take Taiwan
  13. 13. 4) Boxer Rebellion (1899): Desperate anti-foreign feelings and increased nationalism leads war to expel foreigners and their technology. 1) Killed foreigners and all Chinese who had any connection of foreign culture. 2) Burned foreign merchandise 3) Destroyed schools and churches 4) Demolished railroad tracks 5) Cut down telegraph lines Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists
  14. 14. Notes #41a, Title: “China Imperialism Notes” 5) Open Door Policy (1899): US not prepared to fight for a piece of China argued China should be open to all trade + foreigners.
  15. 15. Map of Shanghai and parts controlled by foreigners.
  16. 16. 6) Wuchang Revolution (10/10/1911): Military officers and foreign educated Chinese bring back Eur. enlightenment ideas, and overthrow emperor. a) Sun Yat Sen: Leading reformer becomes president for 1 year, China then split by warlords and political groups b) Sun’s 3 Principles of the Ppl: 1) Chinese nationalism 2) End foreign domination 3) Strengthen Chinese economy (factories and redistribute land)
  17. 17. 7) Chinese Century of Shame: G.O.P.A.I. G) Government weak under Qing Dynasty O) Opium trade P) Payments to Europe for war losses: indemnity A) Arrogance regarding reform I) Internal fighting before and after the revolution
  18. 18. Journal #41b, Title “Video: China’s Revolution” 1) Copy Source Title: Soong Sisters 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion (include their name at the end). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Journal Sections Time Bookmark: 00:00
  19. 19. Notes #41b, Title: “Imperial Japan Notes” 1) Tokugawa Shogun (1603-1868): Traditional military leader controlled all of Japan Emperor kept on as a symbolic head. 2) Japanese Seclusion (1635-1853): Japan closed itself to Westerners and their ideas
  20. 20. 3) Opening of Japan (1853): US Commodore Perry opens Japan (with display of force)
  21. 21. 4) Meiji Restoration (1868-1912): Ppl ashamed of their weakness to the West, overthrow shogun and place emperor in power. (Emperor Mutsuhitito takes name of Meiji Emperor “Enlightened”) 5) Fokoku Kyohei: Emperor’s command for the country: “Rich country, Strong Military”
  22. 22. 6) Meiji Reforms: C.S.I.M.E.E. C) Copied German Gov + Constitution: Treat people equally, strong rule of law, but emperor in total control (like the German Kaiser) S) Send Students/Observers: To all western countries to learn and copy I) Gov Targeted Investments: Gov spent tax money to create biz in key areas, sell off later M) Modernize Military: With strong economy, buy western weapons E) Modernize Economy: Set up mail, railroads, telegraphs, banks, schools/colleges (esp. tech) E) Hire Western Experts: Goal of having them teach Japanese, then send experts away and have Japanese teach Japanese
  23. 23. 7) Japan’s Advantage: a) Homogenous: Same race/language/culture = extreme nationalism b) Unity: All worshiped the emperor c) Reformers in Charge: Emperor was a reformer
  24. 24. Journ #41c, Title “Meiji Industrialization” Read, and write answers to these questions: 1) Source: Dr. Peter Duus 1) How did Japan view borrowing money from foreigners? 2) How did Japan use foreign experts? 3) How did Japan use students to make the country stronger? Bonus Q 4) If China had stuck with these same reforms, could it have become strong?
  25. 25. Journ #41d, “Japan Debate” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why. 2) Then write down what your partner thinks (include their name at the end). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Japan Gave Up Too Much 1) Japan gave up its own identity, that’s too much 2) Japan can reform without giving up so much culture PRO: Japan Did the Right Thing to Become Strong 1) Japanese ways were backwards 2) Change was needed to stand up against the Europeans and Americans
  26. 26. Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + journal sections for a possible journal quiz. 2) Pick and listen to your 4 news podcast by next Monday Test on Friday

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