Good Day! DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 11/04/09 , Topic: African Affairs 2) On the next line, write “ Opener #38 ” and then: 1) Plot your mood, reflect in 1 sent . 2) Respond to the opener by writing at least 2 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Other things going on in the news. Announcements: None Intro Music:
Agenda 1) Imperialism Africa 2) Research Prep 3) Test 3 What you will be able to do: 1) Why do countries in Africa still face so many challenges? Reminder 1)
Review 1) Imperialism : Controlling a foreign country 2) Old Imperialism (1400s-1800s) : Took land, but lacked tech + power to fully control conquered 3) New Imperialism (1870s-1914) : Tech: communication (telegraph) + transportation (rail + steamships) + weapons (machine gun) to actively control conquered 4) Reasons for New Imperialism : a) Exponentially More Need of Natural Resources b) Nationalist Rivalry c) Humanitarian and Religious Goals d) Social Darwinism and Racism e) Military Security of Existing Colonies
2) Ways to Control a Population : a) Put your Eur. culture in place: language, religion, local schools, send locals to European colleges ( assimilate ) b) Give 1 ethnic group higher status to control another, pit 1 against another ( divide and rule ) c) Military technology ( Maxim gun ) d) Used discriminatory laws + the media to promote racial inferiority ( obedience )
3) Ways to Imperialize, Create : a) Colony : Take total control, most pricey b) Protectorate : Local ruler left in power, but must follow our orders, less pricey c) Sphere of Influence : Reserve but no action, make statement to other powers to stay away, cheapest
4) Key African Nations : a) Liberia : Founded by free slaves, Af. Americans oppress + start wars with local Africans b) Ethopia : Modernized: bought weapons, hired military experts, set up schools, defeated Italy! c) South Africa : South-Cape Colony (UK), North-Boers (Dutch), UK unifies north + south.
Notes #38a , Title: “ Imperialism Notes ” 1) Africa Today : a) Many freed nations continue to fight to establish new borders that reflect traditional nationalism + culture b) European developed infrastructure to extract resources, not to build a strong economy Ethiopia: Lifespan-54 yrs, Literacy-42% UK: Lifespan-78 yrs, Literacy-99%
Work #38a , “ Effects of Imperialism Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: We hurt Africa 1) We took away their local culture 2) Infrastructure (roads and rail) was designed to export, not for local use 3) Natural resources were stripped from their nation (slowed their industrializa PRO: We Helped Africa 1) We introduced schools, hospitals, and technology 2) We build roads and railroads 3) We developed their ability to use their natural resources (mines, oil wells)
Africa has 13% of the world's population, and 69% of the world's HIV
Work #38b , Title “ Africa Today ” From the video AND handout you’ve read, answer with a partner: 1) List problems Africa still has 2) List solutions suggested 3) With your partner, what do you think European countries and the US should do for Africa? ( include their name at the end ). Be prepared to present.
Work #38b , Title “ Rwanda ” 1) Fill out a vetting sheet, and write down your score and your partner’s score, discuss if they are very different. In your workbook, explain if this is a 1) peer rev 2) edited 3) direct pub source 2) Copy Source MLA Citation: Gourevitch, Philip. We wish to inform you that tomorrow we will be killed with our families. New York: Picador/Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, Distributed by Holtzbrinck, 2004. 3) List 3 quotes or ideas you think are significant. By each of the 3, place this in the end (Gourevitch Page #). 5 Reading/Film Test Qs Come From These Work Sections
Work #38c , “ Post-Imperialism Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Africa needs to help itself 1) Western nations have tried to stop the civil wars, its their fault now 2) Money will make problems there worse 3) Trying to help is a form of imperialism PRO: Europe/US Should Aid Africa Today 1) West created Africa’s mess and become rich in part b/c of imperialism 3) We have the tech skills to reform their govt+econ 4) To not act breeds terrorism against us
Notes #38b , Title: “ Africa Development Notes ” 1) Give/Loan Money to African Govts 2) Give/Loan Money Directly to Af. Ppl 3) Pay for Af. Students to Study Here 4) Pay to Build Af. Infrastructure (water, rail, roads, phone, internet ) 5) Invest in African Industry and Trade 6) Provide Africa Cheap Medicine (esp for HIV+AIDS) 7) Overthrow African Military Dictators and Destroy African Waring Gangs
Work #38e , “ Consensus ” 1) Appoint a facilitator whose job is to get everyone to participate, write his/her name . 2) On the issue below, list of the different points of view from your group ( and their names ). 3) On the same issue, make sacrifices to reach consensus ( 100% agreement), write down the compromise solution. Consensus : means voting yes if you can live with the compromise, and are willing to back it . Issue to Discuss: What kinds of reparations, and how much $ (actions to undue past harm), should Europe make to Africa? Data for Cost: 0.5 Billion Europeans/1 Bil Africans
TEST PROCEDURES 1) Bubble 4 last digits of your student ID and write your name , period . 2) Remember to copy “ Title ” from the test on to your answer sheet . 3) Write your name on the test itself, but do not write anything else on it. 4) Leave Question 1 on answer sheet blank BEST WISHES!
TEST DEBRIEF 1) Make sure your test and scantron have been turned in. No papers, pens, pencils may be out. 2) For security reasons, your test will be voided if any electronic devices or note taking is seen during the debrief. Thank you. QUESTIONS ABOUT THE TEST?