102109 Wh Prussia 100m
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102109 Wh Prussia 100m

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102109 Wh Prussia 100m 102109 Wh Prussia 100m Presentation Transcript

  • Agenda 1) Introduction to Nationalism 2) Watch FR Videos What you will be able to do: 1) Understand how Germany and Italy become countries during the Industrial Revolution. Reminder 1) Test postponed a week, find & complete your 4 news pods
  • 1600-1750: Enlightenment 1750-1800: Political Rev. 1800-1900: Nationalism Imperialism 1600-1750: Agric. Rev. 1750-1900: Ind. Rev. 1 (Factories) 1900-X: Ind. Rev. 2 (Corporations) Timeline up to now:
  • Review Enlightenment 1600-1700 Pol Revolutions 1776-1848 Industrial Rev 1750-1900 Nationalism 1848-1914
  • Review 1) Napoleon Conquers Europe : Being under French control awakens nationalism. 2) Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) : Meeting of all the nation’s leaders (incld. French rep). 2 Goal: 1) Restore old monarchal system to pre-revolution 2) Surround France with strong but balanced nations ( merged 300 nations into 38 ) Metternich : Austria’s foreign minister led the Cong. of Vienna, organized monarchs to help each if ever a revolution breaks out ( Holy Alliance )
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  • Review 1) Nationalism : Pride in your own people, culture, history, language. Grows during 1800s, helped by: Political Revolutions: Self Determination + Rights Indus Revolutions: Mass transport + communication
  • In the 1800s: We will see how nationalism creates the countries of Germany and Italy . And weaken the Austrian and Ottoman Empire. We assume nationalism always existed, but if you think about it, before 1776 (even past 1776), the 13 first US states were still learning nationalism.
  • 2 ) 1830 French and Flemish Revolt : People take over Paris, king flees. Flemish (Belgium) inspired by France successfully rebels against Netherlands ( Holy Alliance allows as long as Belgium stays neutral in future ). 3) 1830 Poland Revolt : Also inspired by France, Polish revolt against Russia, Russia crushes revolt
  • 4) France 1848 Revolt : Poor revolt (socialism spreading), king flees. 2 nd Republic born, bourgeoisie use violence to control the poor, but do reinstate male suffrage. 5) French 1848 Presidential Election : French vote for Napoleon’s nephew, Napoleon III (rule until 1870) to be new president and then vote for him to be dictator. “ When France sneezes, Europe catches a cold.” - Metternich
  • 6) 1848 Revolts Spread : Europe engulfed in revolt: a) Inspired by French b) Wave of nationalism c) Rise of socialism (Com. Manifesto written this yr) d) Poor harvest (Irish start mig. to US this year) All fail, but mass attempt is a sign of enligh change! All fail except
  • 7) Austrian Empire : Hapsburg monarchy, mostly Germanic ppl, but multiethnic pop each wanted to indep from the setup from Congress of Vienna. Austrian Dual Monarchy : Gives Hungary indep, co-equal status, but others aren’t happy. 8) Ottoman(Turkish) Empire : Muslim empire, nationalists revolts + slow industrialization weaken it.
  • 9) Balkans : Diverse area between Austria, Russia, and Middle East, mixed Christian, Muslim . Controlled by the Ottomans, but Holy Alliance take control ( 1 st with Greece ) 10) Europeans Slice the Balkans (1828–1908) : a) Serbia : Win their independence b) Bosnia : Austria takes , angers Serbs who wanted Bosnia c) Northern Balkan : Russia informally controls. This swap of leaders will later be a cause of WWI (1914).
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  • Modern Europe: 1848-1914 wave of nationalism draws new borders based on ethnicity, that define 2008 Europe.
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  • Notes #32a , Title: “ Germany Notes ” 1) German Ppl : Not unified, some in Prussia, Austria, and others in small nations between 2) Prussia : More homogenously Germanic, King Wilhelm led well run gov + industrialized In 1848, rebelling Germans offered their land to Prussia to create Germany, Wilhelm I rejects it, fearing the rebels wanted democracy. Wilhelm I later take land tru conquest 3) Otto von Bismarck (1862-1890) : Prussia’s Prime Minister, dedicated to King Wilhelm Realpoltik : Ends justify the means in expanding state (Wilhelm I’s) power Strong Military : Utilize industrialization Disregard Democracy : Strong nation is what matters
  • Notes #32a , Title: “ Germany Notes ” 1) German Ppl : Not unified, some in Prussia, Austria, and others in small nations between
  • Notes #32a , Title: “ Germany Notes ” 2) Prussia : More homogenously Germanic, King Wilhelm led well run gov + industrialized In 1848, rebelling Germans offered their land to Prussia to create Germany, Wilhelm I rejects it, fearing the rebels wanted democracy. Wilhelm I later take land tru conquest
  • 3) Otto von Bismarck (1862-1890) : Prussia’s Prime Minister, dedicated to King Wilhelm I Realpoltik : Ends justify the means in expanding state (Wilhelm I’s) power Strong Military : Utilize industrialization Disregard Democracy : Strong nation is what matters
  • “ The position of Prussia in Germany will not be determined by its liberalism but by its power ... Not through speeches and majority decisions will the great questions of the day be decided - that was the great mistake of 1848 and 1849 - but by iron and blood .” -Bismarck
  • Poem by Ernst Moritz Arndt Where is the German's fatherland? Bavarian land? or Stygian land? Where sturdy peasants plough the plain? Where mountain-sons bright metal gain? Ah, no, no, no! His fatherland's not bounded so! Where is the German's fatherland? Then name, then name the mighty land! The Austrian land in fight renowned? The Kaiser's land with honors crowned? Ah, no, no, no! His fatherland 's not bounded so! This is the land, the one true land, O God, to aid be thou at hand!
  • Work #32a , “ Nationalist Feeling ” 1) Pretend you are a Prussian nationalist high school student and write a brief diary entry about your desires for a unified Germany. You are less concerned if it’s a democracy, you just want unification. Mr. Chiang will RANDOMLY read a few out loud.
  • Notes #32b , Title: “ Germany Notes ” 4) Austro-Prussian War (1866) : Prussia beats Austria a) Bismarck allies w. Austria to attacks Denmark, splits Denmark, b) Bismark allies w. France, attacks Austria. Takes land from Austria. 5) Franco Prussian War (1870) : Prussia beats France Napoleon III 1 st hoped war divert ppl from local problems a) Bismarck puts Germanic king in Spain to anger France. b) France ask King Wilhelm to ask his nephew to step down in Spain in a telegram c) Bismarck edits telegram to make it look like King William insulted the French d) France declares war, Napoleon III captured e) France creates 3 rd Republic, loses war and land 6) UK Isolationism : UK stays out of Europe’s problems as long as no one interferes with colonies
  • Unedited Version of Telegram Naturally I told him that I had not yet received any news and since he had been better informed via Paris and Madrid than I was, he must surely see that my government was not concerned in the matter.
  • Edited Version of Telegram His Majesty the King thereupon refused to receive the Ambassador again and had the latter informed by the adjutant of the day that His Majesty had no further communication to make to the Ambassador .
  • 7) Second Reich (1871, 2 nd Holy Empire, 1 st the Roman Empire) : Remaining German nation ask Prussia’s King Wilhelm II (grandson) to take title of Kaiser (emperor). 1890, Kaiser ask Bismarck resign. 8) Germany Supremacy : 1862-1914, #1 Europe Power. a) Gov Aided Research : Speeds up priority areas b) Public Education : Obedient, factory workforce developers of more science c) Military Technology : More powerful d) Mass Transit : Faster factories, faster military e) Social Programs : Helps the poor, to slow socialism (UK copied Germany anti-socialism)
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  • Work #32a , Title “ Bismarck ” Otto von Bismarck was known for his quotes. Create a small advice book based on his life and sayings. 1) Use the handout to create a visual advice guide. See board.
  • Work #32b , “ Film Award ” One each: French Revolution Write film name. 1) Best Picture: 2) Best Voiceover: 3) Best Special Effects: Doll House Write person’s name. 4) Best Actor: 5) Best Actress:
  • Homework: 1) Pick and listen to your 4 news podcast by next Monday. Embrace the freedom that this very moment is a fresh chance to make yourself the person you want to be. Workbook Check: If your name is called, drop off your workbook with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your workbook is not turned in )
  • Good Day! DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 10/22/09 , Topic: 1800s Nationalism Wrapup 2) On the next line, write “ Opener #33 ” and then: 1) Plot your mood, reflect in 1 sent . 2) Respond to the opener by writing at least 2 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Other things going on in the news. Announcements: None Intro Music: Untitled
  • Agenda 1) Wrapping up 1800s Nationalism 2) Watch FR Videos What you will be able to do: 1) Understand how Germany and Italy become countries during the Industrial Revolution. Reminder 1) Test postponed a week, find & complete your 4 news pods
  • Notes #33a , Title: “ 1800 Democracy Notes ” 1) Parliamentary System : Head is either chosen by the king (Germany) or the parliament (UK), not by the people like a presidential system . a) 1800s UK : King symbolic, parliament most the power: House of Lords (nobles+clergy) and House of Commons (all males can vote, 1911: Commons becomes most powerful). Most democratic in Europe b) 1800s Germany : Kaiser (king/emperor) the head, parliament less powerful: Bundesrat (gov apponted) and Reichstag (all males can vote). Kaiser most the power, so not real democracy c) 1800s France : After Napoleon III rule, and much in fighting, there’s a weak president, most power in legislature: Senate (gov apponted) and Chamber of Deputies (all males can vote). Demo highly instable
  • SIMULATE Mr. Chiang is Kaiser Chiang Bundesrat Gov (Kaiser) picks who goes here Reichstag All male voters pick who goes here POWERS Kaiser: Power to go to war Bundesrat: Power to veto Reichstag: Power to make laws
  • Work #32b , “ Film Award ” One each: French Revolution Write film name. 1) Best Picture: 2) Best Voiceover: 3) Best Special Effects: Doll House Write person’s name. 4) Best Actor: 5) Best Actress:
  • Work #33a , Title “ Team Questions ” Discuss these questions with your group. Make sure everyone understands how to answer it. On a separate paper, everyone individually writes responses. No talking once we start writing. 1 paper will be graded from each group ( 10 points ). 1) Write your team number and team name. 2) Explain how the enlightenment lead to both the political revolutions and industrial revolutions and how both rise of nationalism . Ask Mr. Chiang only if no one in your team knows. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
  • Work #33b , “ Nationalism Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Nationalism is bad 1) Promotes superiority, all ppl should be equal 2) Leads to competition, even war 3) One of the most effective ways to justify terrible things PRO: Nationalism is good 1) Brings people in a nation together 2) Allows ppl to unify to do greater things 3) One of the most effective reasons for ppl to sacrifice for others
  • 10 Flash Cards Year one side Term on the Other 1689 Locke writes on Social Contract Theory 1775 Watts Steam Engine-Rise of Factories (IR 1) 1776 American Revolution + Smith’s Wealth of Nat. 1789-1799 French Revolution 1799-15 Napoleonic Empire 1815 Congress of Vienna restore Eur. monarchs 1848 Eur-Wide Revolutions + Communist Manifesto 1855 Bessemer Steel-Rise of Corporations (IR 2) 1871 Germany formed (#1 Germany + #2 UK) 1911 UK HOC reform, true democratic monarchy
  • Homework: 1) Pick and listen to your 4 news podcast by next Monday. Embrace the freedom that this very moment is a fresh chance to make yourself the person you want to be. Workbook Check: If your name is called, drop off your workbook with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your workbook is not turned in )