Good Day! DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 10/07/09 , Topic: Socialism 2) On the next line, write “ Opener #25 ” and then: 1) Plot your mood, reflect in 1 sent . 2) Respond to the opener by writing at least 2 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Other things going on in the news. Announcements: None Intro Music: Untitled
Agenda 1) Study Guide Test 2 2) Discussing socialism in the Industrial Revolution What you will be able to do: 1) Pros and cons of socialism Reminder 1) FR Project Due Mon, 10/05
1600-1750: Enlightenment 1750-1800: Political Rev. 1800-1900: Nationalism Imperialism 1600-1750: Agric. Rev. 1750-1900: Ind. Rev. 1 (Factories) 1900-X: Ind. Rev. 2 (Corporations) Timeline up to now:
Review 10 Key Dates So Far 1689 Locke writes on Social Contract Theory 1701 Tull Seed Drill Example of Agric. Innovation 1733 Kay Flying Shuttle Expands Textile Factories 1775 Watts Steam Engine Perfected (IR 1 st Stage) 1776 American Revolution + Smith’s Wealth of Nat. 1789-1799 French Revolution 1799-15 Napoleonic Era 1814-15 Congress of Vienna restore Eur. monarchs 1848 Karl Marx Communist Manifesto 1855 Bessemer Perfects Cheap Steel (IR 2 nd Stage)
Review 1) Agricultural Revolution (1500-1700) : Enlightenment help farmers share ideas (farm journals) lead to: better soil care, machines, selective breeding, and 1800s (food explosion): chemical fertilizers and powered machines. a) Enclosure : Machines produce more with less ppl, but cost more, rich famers buy out poor , create large farms b) Population Boom : Extra food encourages population to grow c) Unemployed : More births + poor farmers with no land draw them to the cities (where new factories have jobs).
Review 2) Why was England (UK) 1st : a) Financial capital (money) : UK had money to invest from trade (Factories were costly) b) Entrepreneurism (someone start biz) : Unlike Europe, UK culture supported “get ahead” biz culture no matter blood line (biz had power in H. of Commons ) c) Stable Hands Off Gov : Limited monarchy was stable (no invasions) and did not interfere with biz operations d) Geography : UK had many harbors (transport), iron (machines), rivers (water power), and coal (steam power)
Review 3) Immediate Impact of the Ind. Rev : a) Creative Destruction : New innovations destroying old jobs (esp. craftsman) b) New Class System (NOT nobles BUT) : Business Class vs. Working Class c) City Growth : Dirty cities sprout around factories ( Tenements : dense housing) d) Time : Instead of nature or self, time is controlled by jobs, factories, machines e) Labor Hardships : Factory jobs were boring, dangerous, and drew kids + women (women working will = power) f) Cheaper Goods : Ppl could buy goods once only rich could afford, therefore increasing demand for goods.
6) Utopian Socialism (mild) : Biz will share control of resources to create equitable society Robert Owen’s New Harmony (1825)
8) Socialism (medium) : Gov take control of SOME resources from the upper class, to create equitable society
9) Communism (hot) : New gov eliminate the upper class , all resources controlled by gov for the ppl, eventually when ppl ready, no gov, ppl freely share
Karl Marx Socialist ideas had been spreading since the industrial revolution started. His Communist Manifesto won’t really have an effect until after his death in 1883 . Engels , co-writer was a successful capitalist. Marxism: Viewing history+now as class struggle Communism: Solution to class struggle (no prop)
Notes #25a , Title: “ Industrial Philosophy Notes ” 1) Economic Spectrum: C2 C1 S1 S2 C2) Classical Liberal (Conservative) : Gov do nothing for the poor C1) Modern Liberal (Liberal) : Gov pass laws and low taxes provide education for poor S1) Socialism : Gov pass high taxes on rich to provide poor (+everyone) all basic needs of life S2) Communism : Gov takes control of all prop to ensure everyone gets what they need
Notes #25a , Title: “ Industrial Philosophy Notes ” 2) Social Darwinism : Strong deserve to be on top, humans are better off with rich in power, justifying: rich ppl + rich countries like UK. This will eventually lead to eugenics movement. 3) Horatio Alger : Media promoted cultural belief if poor work hard, they can be rich (rags 2 riches)
Work #25a , “ Class Conflict Debate Part 2 ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: The system makes makes people poor 1) Rags to riches is exception, not the norm 2) Poor ppl don’t have the chance to gain skills 3) Each human being has equal worth and right to a happy + free life. PRO: Poor have themselves to blame 1) Poor ppl don’t work hard to gain skills 2) Helping poor just makes them dependent 3) We need the rich to reproduce, welfare to the poor encourage wrong ppl
Work #25b , Title “ Class Conflict Speech ” 1) Read/highlight both carefully and write a speech on: do the rich make the poor poor OR do the poor do that to themselves? FORMAT i) Write: Quick strong opener ii) Next, write the body: a) What are the two views (background) b) Which is best (recommendation) c) Why (keep to less than 3 main points) iii) Last write: Quick strong closing Build in pauses, rises, falls, catch phrases, narrative (story telling) is often most memorable. Mr. Chiang will RANDOMLY read a few out loud.
Mr. Chiang’s 7 Speech Tips 1) 3 Part: Opening > Argument > Closing 2) Think of your audience and use local examples 3) Stories are remembered 4) Cite authoritative evidence 5) Call audience to action 6) Repetition, pauses, tone 7) Speak slowly and make eye contact (or try looking over heads) Last, the majority of speech is body language, not words.
Rubric: __/4 Factually Informative __/2 Communication Style (C’s 7 tips) __/2 Active Audience Member __/2 Followed Directions _____/10 Points
Work #25c , Title “ Socialism: Heaven on Earth? ” 1) Copy Source Title: PBS 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections