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100610 wh industrial philosophies 2 50m

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    100610 wh industrial philosophies 2 50m 100610 wh industrial philosophies 2 50m Presentation Transcript

    • DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 10/05/10 , Topic: Industrial Philosophy 2) Next line, write “ Opener #24 ” and then: 1) Write 1 high + 1 low inlast 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost < 1-5 > too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opener by writing at least 1 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Announcements: None
    • Agenda 1) Industrial Revolution Philosophy What you will be able to do: 1) How did industrialization influence philosophy? Reminder 1) No Homework
    • Notes #24-25a , Title: “ Industrial Philosophy Notes ” 1) Classical Liberalism ( Conservatism ) : Gov bad, ppl should be free (personal-Locke+in business-Smith) 2) Utilitarianism : Gov should do whatever maximizes the good for the most people. 3) Jeremy Bentham : Father of utilitarianism 4) Modern Liberalism ( Liberal ) : Gov should promote education + welfare services to prepare ppl for their freedom 5) John Stuart Mills : Father of modern liberals 6) Utopian Socialism (mild) : Private biz+indiv use power of resources to create equitable society 7) Robert Owen : Father of utopianism and socialism 8) Communism (hot) : New gov eliminate the upper class , all resources controlled by gov for the ppl, eventually when ppl ready, no gov, ppl freely share 9) Friedrich Engels+Karl Marx : Father of Marxism (history is class struggle) and communism 10) Socialism (medium) : Gov take control of SOME resources from upper class to help lower class w life essentials (equitable society), modern liberal response to rise of Communism
    • Review 1) Classical Liberalism ( Conservatism ) : Gov bad, ppl should be free (personal-Locke + in business-Smith) John Locke’s Second Treatise, 1689 “ No one ought to harm another in his life, liberty, or possessions . .. to avoid this state of war is one great reason of men's putting themselves into society .
    • Review 1) Classical Liberalism ( Conservatism ) : Gov bad, ppl should be free (personal-Locke + in business-Smith: “ Laissez faire” Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations, 1776 &quot;It is not from the benevolence of the butcher , the brewer or the baker that we expect our dinner , but from their regard to their own self-interest ... [Every individual] intends only his own security, only his own gain. And he is in this led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention. By pursuing his own interest , he frequently promotes that of society more effectually than when he really intends to promote it.&quot;
    • Review 2) Adam Smith (1723) : Philosophizes that if gov leaves biz alone: supply (price up, supply up) and demand (price up, demand down), economy will be most efficient . (Laissez faire: leave it alone), 1 st UK , but will become principle of capitalism/free market economies.
    • Notes #25a , Title: “ Industrial Philosophy Notes ” Review: Utilitarianism : Gov should do whatever maximizes the good for the most people.
    • 1) Jeremy Bentham : Father of utilitarianism “ It is the greatest good to the greatest number of people which is the measure of right and wrong.” Jeremy Bentham Facts 3 Read Enlightenment Scholars 5 Mastered the Violin 6 Fluent Latin and French 12 Attended Oxford Also a prominent supporter of women’s rights, gay rights, and anti-death penalty.
    • University College London (UCL)
    • Enlightenment View of the Brain: Blank Slate (Nurture) Reality: Both Nature (DNA/Instinct) + Nurture
    • Journ #25a , “ Utilitarian Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Con Side – Utilitarianism 1) It is never right to force one person to suffer for the benefit of others. 2) Most important is preserving everyone’s right of choice: to act good or bad. PRO: Pro Side – Utilitarianism 1) The ends justify the means. 2) Most important is to increase happiness for the most people.
    • Notes #25b , Title: “ Industrial Philosophy Notes ” 2) Modern Liberalism ( Liberal ) : Gov should promote education + welfare services to prepare ppl for their freedom
    • 3) John Stuart Mills : Father of modern liberals “ No great improvements in the lot of mankind are possible until a great change takes place in the fundamental constitution of their modes of thought.” John Stuart Mills Facts Also strongest advocate for women’s rights. His wife was also Harriet Mill was also a gifted scholar.
    • 3) John Stuart Mills : Father of modern liberals “ &quot; War is an ugly thing, but not the ugliest of things . The decayed and degraded state of moral and patriotic feeling which thinks that nothing is worth war is much worse . The person who has nothing for which he is willing to fight, nothing which is more important than his own personal safety , is a miserable creature and has no chance of being free unless made and kept so by the exertions of better men than himself .&quot;
    • Injustice of Indus. Rev gives birth to SOCIALISM Equality/Equal: same, Equity/Equitable: just Mild: Private biz+indiv create equitable society ( utopian socialism ) Medium: Mix of gov + private biz+indiv make eq ( modern socialism ) Hot: Gov total power to make society equitable ( communism )
    • 4) Utopian Socialism (mild) : Private biz+indiv use power of resources to create equitable society Robert Owen’s New Harmony (1825)
    • 5) Robert Owen : Father of utopianism and socialism Robert Owen Facts 9 Apprentice 18 Worked in factory 28 Owned factory 54 Started a utopian community: New Harmony, banned money ppl work hard for sake of community 59 Bankrupt
    • Robert Owen’s Past Lanark Mill, Scotland Good pay Good housing Education for kids Made a profit New Harmony which banned money was a financial disaster. Lesson, treat workers well, but keep watch of productivity.
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    • Work #25b , Title “ Video: History of Socialism ” 1) Copy Source Title: Heaven on Earth 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections Time Bookmark: 00:00
    • Notes #26a , Title: “ Industrial Philosophy Notes ” 1) Communism (hot) : New gov eliminate the upper class , all resources controlled by gov for the ppl, eventually when ppl ready, no gov, ppl freely share
    • 2) Friedrich Engels+Karl Marx : Father of Marxism (history is class struggle) and communism (Communist Manifesto-1848, Das Kapital-1867) Karl Marx and Frederick Engel’s Communist Manifesto, 1848 &quot;The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles . Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed …the modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society, has not done away with class antagonisms. It has but established new classes , new conditions of oppression .&quot;
    • 3) Friedrich Engels+Karl Marx : Father of Marxism (history is class struggle) and communism (Communist Manifesto-1848, Das Kapital-1867) Karl Marx and Frederick Engel’s Das Kapital, 1867 &quot; Capital is dead labor , which, vampire-like , lives only by sucking living labor , and lives the more, the more labor it sucks... Capitalist production, therefore, develops technology , and the combining together of various processes into a social whole, only by sapping the original sources of all wealth — the soil and the labourer ... Battle of competition is fought by the cheapening of commodities..&quot;
    • Karl Marx Socialist ideas had been spreading since the industrial revolution started. His Communist Manifesto won’t really have an effect until after his death in 1883 . Engels , co-writer was a successful capitalist. Marxism: Viewing history+now as class struggle Communism: Solution to class struggle (no prop)
    • Karl Marx “ From each according to his ability, to each according to his need”
    • Revolution 1848 and forward!
    • Journ #26a , “ Socialism Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Con Side – Communism 1) Biz only want to profit 2) Rich are so powerful, only the gov can take away their wealth to help the poor PRO: Pro Side – Utopian Socialism 1) Biz can be encouraged to do what’s right, look at all the green products today 2) Biz are more innovative and faster to act than the gov
    • Journ #26b , “ Class Conflict Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Con Side – Rich Gained Unfairly 1) Workers live in misery with low wages 2) Poor work too long to have a chance to move up 3) The gap between rich and poor explodes as factories are so profitable PRO: Pro Side - Rich Earned Their Money 1) Machines cost money 2) Factories require complex knowledge, rich deserve their wealth 3) Poor have themselves to blame for not working smarter in their lives
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    • 4) Modern socialism (medium) : Gov take control of SOME resources from upper class to help lower class w life essentials (equitable society), modern liberal response to rise of Communism
    • Injustice of Indus. Rev gives birth to SOCIALISM Equality/Equal: same, Equity/Equitable: just Mild: Private biz+indiv create equitable society ( utopian socialism ) Medium: Mix of gov + private biz+indiv make eq ( modern socialism ) Hot: Gov total power to make society equitable ( communism )
    • Capitalism Socialism Communism Private Ppl Private Ppl Gov Gov
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    • Leeds Woollen Workers Petition, 1786 We plead for the further continuance of these machines : Men of common sense must know, that so many machines in use, take the work from the hands employed in Scribbling, - and who did that business before machines were invented. How are those men, thus thrown out of employ to provide for their families ; - and what are they to put their children apprentice to, that the rising generation may have something to keep them at work , in order that they may not be like vagabonds strolling about in idleness? Some say, Begin and learn some other business . - Suppose we do; who will maintain our families , whilst we undertake the arduous task; and when we have learned it, another machine may arise , which may take away that business also… Signed, in behalf of THOUSANDS
    • Journ # , Title “ Group Responses ” Write your response, then share with your partner, and write their response. a) Your Response b) Their Reponses ( include their name ) 1a) What would be your response to receiving such a petition? (keep in mind you spend a lot of money to create the factory, you make a lot of money too). 1b) Their response.
    • Work #24e , Title “ Video: History of Socialism ” 1) Copy Source Title: Heaven on Earth 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections Time Bookmark: 00:00
    • Due Today: i) Photo e-mailed of group working ii) Video on DVD or on Youtube iii) 5 research sources (1 st page will do for each): validty sheets in class iv) Fill out peer eval online at: http://tinyurl.com/frproject2010 v) Journal (highlight openers)