090210 world free society 50m

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090210 world free society 50m

  1. 1. DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 09/02/10 , Topic: What is a free society? 2) Next line, write “ Opener #7 ” and then: 1) Write 1 high + 1 low in last 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost < 1-5 > too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opener by writing at least 1 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Announcements: None
  2. 2. Team Quiz (10 Points) Discuss the following questions with your group. Make sure everyone understands how to answer it. Once the quiz paper is passed out, everyone individually writes their own responses. No talking once we start writing. 1 paper will be graded from each group ( 10 points ). Prepare now. Ask Mr. Chiang only if no one in your team knows. When writing, use sentences! 1) What and when is the Enlightenment? 2) Why was the Enlightenment dangerous? 3) How are Locke and Jefferson’s Declra related? 4) How are Montesquieu and the Constit Related? Bonus Q X) 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Journal Sections
  3. 3. Agenda 1) What is a free society? Primary Objective 1) What is a free society look like? Reminder 1) Find & complete your 4 news pods
  4. 4. Review 1) Locke (1632) : People born with rights ( natural rights ). Ppl exchange obedience for protection of these rights ( social contract ). “ What worries you, masters you.” “ The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom.”
  5. 5. 2) Social Contract : You exchange obedience to the gov for protection
  6. 6. Locke’s 2 nd Treatise (1690) No one ought to harm another in his life, liberty, or possessions ... to avoid this state of war is one great reason of men's putting themselves into society , and quitting the state of nature... revolutions happen not upon every little mismanagement in public affairs. Great mistakes in the ruling part, many wrong and inconvenient laws, and all the slips of human frailty, will be born by the people without mutiny or murmur. But if a long train of abuses …
  7. 7. Locke’s 2 nd Treatise (1690) No one ought to harm another in his life, liberty, or possessions ... to avoid this state of war is one great reason of men's putting themselves into society , and quitting the state of nature... revolutions happen not upon every little mismanagement in public affairs. Great mistakes in the ruling part, many wrong and inconvenient laws, and all the slips of human frailty, will be born by the people without mutiny or murmur. But if a long train of abuses …
  8. 8. “ All men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness . That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men … Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer , while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations… -Thomas Jefferson
  9. 9. 3) Montesquieu (1689) : Power corrupts, so gov should split power in 3 branches : Legislative : Make the law Executive : Put the law in action Judicial : Decide the law
  10. 10. Constitutional Structure and Amendment : Article 1: Congress/Legislature (House + Senate) Article 2: President/Executive (President + Implied Bureaucracy) Article 3: Federal Courts/Judiciary (US Courts) Article 4: State Limits Article 5: Amendment Process: 2/3 of Congress > 3/4 States 2/3 of States > 3/4 States (never used) Article 6: National Supremacy (when in Art 1, Sec 8) Article 7: Ratification Process Amendments: First 10 (Bill of Rights) 27 Amendments Total So Far
  11. 11. 4) Voltaire (1694) : Freedom ( esp speech ) above all must be protected so reason can solve our problems.
  12. 12. 5) Rousseau (1712) : The will of the majority should govern . Ppl should obey the common good ( following the majority can be a dangerous idea ) “ Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.” “ We are born weak… all that we lack at birth, all that we need when we come to man's estate, is the gift of education.”
  13. 13. SALONS (Living Rooms): Back then, gov controlled by monarchies, and universities controlled by churches were scared of new ideas. So wealthy women opened their living rooms ( salons ) to intellectuals. Madame Geoffrin’s Salons:
  14. 15. Stephen Johnson (2009)
  15. 16. Review 1) Greek Tradition : Democracy and Citizenship a) Democracy: direct democracy b) Citizenship: civic virtue, civic participation: voting and jury duty 2) Roman Tradition : Republic and Laws a) Republic: representative democracy b) Laws: written, fair legal system 3) British Tradition : Limited Government a) Magna Carta: Written restrictions on ruler b) English Bill of Rights: Written indiv. rights 4) Enlightenment Tradition : “Age of Reason” a) Locke: Right to overthrow gov b) Rousseau: Gov duty is to serve the people
  16. 17. Journal #7a , Title “ Spread of the Enlightenment ” Each partner pick one side: a) Monarchs Come up with a list of ways to stop the Enlightenment . b) Enlightened people (some nobles and mostly middle class educated) Come up with a list of ways to continue/grow the Enlightenment 1) Your list 2) Copy their list ( include their name at the end ). Be ready to present.
  17. 18. Notes #7a , Title: “ Democracy Notes ” 1) Democracy : People have input 2) Freedom : Chance to do what you wish What if the majority wants to take away the rights of the minority? 3) Equality : Everyone the same 4) Equity : Doing what is fair What is some people needs more than someone else? 5) Justice : Doing what is right 6) Civic Virtue : Doing what will help society Who decides what is right or wrong? Who stops people from doing something wrong?
  18. 19. Journal #7b , Title “ Video: Idea of Democracy ” 1) Copy Source Title: BBC 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Journal Sections Time Bookmark: 00:00
  19. 20. Your Prompt (10 Points): Look at 3-7, rank them, and then write what a perfect society should look like? 2+EC for those who “volunteer” to read theirs at the end (I’ll pick a few at random as well).
  20. 21. Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + journal sections for a possible journal quiz . 2) Pick and listen to your 4 news podcast by next Monday. Journal Check: If your name is called, drop off your journal with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your journal is not turned in )

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