Good Day! CA Content Standard: 12 DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 08/31/09 , Topic: Medieval Europe 2) On the next line, write “ Opener #5 ” and then: 1) Plot your mood, reflect in 1 sent . 2) Respond to the opener by writing at least 2 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Other things going on in the news. Announcements: None Intro Music: Untitled
Work #5a , Title “ Opener Shareout ” Pick 1 thing from your opener to share with your partner. 1) Each of you sign your name in your partner’s workbook under 1) to verified you’ve shared.
Pick 1 news story to share with your partner. 2) Each of you sign your name in your partner’s workbook under 1) to verified you’ve shared.
Agenda 1) Feudal Europe 2) Magna Carta Script Essential Question 1) What did Feudal Europe add to our path towards modern government? Reminder 1) Find & complete your 4 news pods
Need to Know Dates (for test): 500BC: Athens Direct Democracy 400BC: Roman Representative Democracy (Socrates, Plato, Epicurus) 200BC: Rome Overtakes Greece (Seneca) 400AD: Fall of Roman Empire 400AD-1400AD: Medieval Period 1400-1600AD: Renaissance Era 1600-1800AD: Enlightenment Era
Main Purpose: The review of key points in pre-modern history (500BC-1600AD) is to understand how modern government + thinking evolved. a) Greek Direct Demo + Socratic b) Roman Representative Demo. c) Medieval Written Constitution (Magnta Carta + Religious Order)
Work #5b , Title “ Ancient Philops Review ” Write down your own reflection to the following Chiang’s addendum to the philos: 1) Socrates ask us to live a fully examined life, but thinking takes time, so are there times that it’s easier to take shortcuts (like following others we trust)? 2) Epicurus says the secret to happiness is 1) friends 2) freedom 3) reflection , but doesn’t our life have to be purposeful (helping to make the world better on some level), or else we are just selfish? 3) Seneca says that to avoid anger, we should not expect life to always be perfect (makes sense), but what is the right dose of pessimism and optimism? Life without hope is equally dire, yes? 4) Each of you sign your name in your partner’s workbook under 4) to verified you’ve shared.
Notes #5 , Title: “ Medieval Notes ” 1) Religious Influence : Ppl’s lives hard, but were attracted by promise of an after life. Divine Right : King/Queens claimed authority from God Catholicism: Heavy in France and Italy Church of England (aka Anglican+Episcopalian) Church/clergy powerful b/c land + donations (tithes).
2) Feudalism: Kings couldn’t protect the ppl, so king would give land to nobles (lords) , lords lend land to serfs (farmers) to work. Serfs pay lords, lords pay king. 3) Serfs : Bound to land, no improving their lives.
4) English French Wars: Fight over religion + power. Kings needs money from nobles. Nobles demand King to give lords power in exchange. 5) Magna Carta (1215) : King of England oppressed nobles, nobles revolted + forced king to limit his power . First time king’s power limited by written document.
“ No freeman shall be taken, imprisoned ,...or in any other way destroyed... except by the lawful judgment of his peers , or by the law of the land. To no one will we sell, to none will we deny or delay, right or justice.” -Magna Carta
6) Model Parliament (1295) : King found easiest way to raise taxes was to get people in one place. House of Lords: Nobles and Clergy (more power) House of Commons: Middle Class 7) Petition of Right (1628) : Parliament forces king to get their permission to raises taxes .
8) English Civil War(1642) : King tried to close parliament. Nobles fought back under Oliver Cromwell . Nobles won, created a puritan republic. 9) Glorious Revolution (1688): After years of chaos, nobles peacefully reinstated a king in William and Mary, once they promise to sign the English Bill of Rights .
10) English Bill of Rights (1689) : Repeats some of early docs ( trials and say in taxes ), but added right free speech in parliament, to bear arms , no cruel and unusual punishment , and no Catholic king. US Bill of Rights (1789) copies this.
1600s, England was pushed into reforms by debt of wars and unhappy nobles. The rest of Europe would need the “ Enlightenment ” to jumpstart their reform. Monday starts the “ Modern Era: Enlightenment 1600s ”
Work #5d , Title “ Script ” 1) Write a brief script about the signing of the Magna Carta . Capture of the core ideas+emotions . FORMAT i) WRITE LOCATION OF YOUR SCENE IN CAPS. ii) Under the caps location title, describe the scene and opening actions in lower case. iii) SKIP A SPACE, CENTERED, WRITE CHARACTER NAME IN CAPS. iv) Under the caps character name, centered, write the dialogue in lower case. v) Any (action) taken by the character is placed in () , centered with in the dialogue.
Review King Total Power (Devine Rule) Wars w France Cost $ Nobles Pay for War Nobles Get Power from King
Review Manga Carta (1215) Nobles get right to jury in crimes. English Petition of Rights (1628) King must get nobles consent before being taxed. English Bill of Rights (1689) King must protect nobles right to freedom of speech, arms, and from cruel & punishment. England’s monarchs slowly lose power to the nobles. This is ONLY in England, in the rest of Europe, the monarchs were still absolute.
Workbook peer check: Have your partner look at your notebook to see if the formatting is correct, get their signature under Work#5a
Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + work sections for a possible workbook quiz .