Good Day! DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 05/10/10 , Topic: Modern India 2) On the next line, write “ Opener #48 ” and then: Respond to the opener by writing at least 3 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Other things going on in the news. Announcements: None Intro Music: Untitled
Agenda 1) India 2) Next Week: Pakistan End Goal, you will be able to… 1) Understand how S. Asia affects the world. Reminder 1) No homework.
Review 1) India : 100+ languages (19 official today) and religions ( Hindu and Muslim ) a) 2008: Pakistan + Bangladesh used to be part of India 2) Mugal Empire (1500s-1800s) : Muslim empire that controlled India. Mid 1800, India a British protectorate . a) British pit 1 Indian group against another. b) British superior military
3) East India Company (EIC) (1600-1858) : Led commerce between India and UK, hired its own troops ( sepoys ), free from India or UK gov Good: Built road/rail, hospitals, schools, security Reduces discrimination toward women + castes Bad: Saw Indians as 2 nd class in own land. Set prices that hurt locals. Took natural resources. 4) Sepoy Rebellion (1857) : EIC greased rifle cartridges with pig and cow fat. Troops revolt.
5) British Raj (1858) : UK gov takes over from the EIC, UK top India gov posts and military posts. 6) Indian Nationalism (early 1800s) : British laws bring unity among caste , British rail unify across distance , Western enlightenment give ideas of freedom . 7) Ram Mohun Roy : Reformer, college founder a) Promote pride in Indian culture b) Learn from the West to make India stronger 8) Moderate : Trust UK to reform (Naoroji) 9) Extremist : Can’t Trust UK (Gangadhar Tilak) 10) Groups Fighting for Local Rule : a) Indian National League (1885) : Peaceful means b) Muslim League (1906) : Not trust Hindu INL
11) Indians in WWI : 1 mil fight, 100,000+ die, but no freedom given
12) Amritsar Massacre (1919) :Peaceful crowd shot by UK army b/c public meetings illegal, 400 die. Escalated the call for independence .
13) Indian Elites : Foreign educated, lead call for independence, little in common w. poor Indians
14) Gandhi (1869-1948) : UK trained lawyer united diverse Indian groups in the fight for freedom a) Unity between Hindus and Muslims b) Esp. lower caste ( dalits )
Notes #46a , Title: “ Modern India ” 1) Partition (6/15/1947) : After WWII , UK frees India, Hindu Muslim violence pushes UK to hastily split country in 2: Pakistan + India a) India : 80% Hindu, 13% Muslim (secular govt) b) Pakistan : 97% Muslim (Islamic govt) 2) Migration (1947) : 18 mil relocate, 3 mil “disappear,” tense violence on both sides.
3) Sri Lanka : Independent island, mostly Buddhist , but few Hindus fight for separate freedom (Tamil Tigers w India’s help) 4) Bangladesh (1971) : Separated from main Pakistan, felt economically neglected, so fought war for freedom (w India’s help)
Notes #46a , Title: “ India Notes ” 6) Prime Minister: Manmohan Singh (Economist, PhD Oxford) Indian National Congress (INC): Moderate left United Progressive Alliance: INC + smaller parties Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP): Hindu nationalist
Degrees and posts held * BA (Hons) in Economics 1952; MA First Class in Economics, 1954 Punjab University, Chandigarh, India * First Class Honours degree in Economics, University of Cambridge, St John's College, Cambridge (1957) o Senior Lecturer, Economics (1957–1959) o Reader (1959–1963) o Professor (1963–1965) o Professor of International Trade (1969–1971) * DPhil in Economics, Nuffield College at University of Oxford,(1962) * Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi o Honorary Professor (1996) * Chief, Financing for Trade Section, UNCTAD, United Nations Secretariat, New York o 1966 : Economic Affairs Officer 1966 * Economic Advisor, Ministry of Foreign Trade, India (1971–1972) * Chief Economic Advisor, Ministry of Finance, India, (1972–1976) * Honorary Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi (1976) * Director, Reserve Bank of India (1976–1980) * Director, Industrial Development Bank of India (1976–1980) * Secretary, Ministry of Finance (Department of Economic Affairs), Government of India, (1977–1980) * Governor, Reserve Bank of India (1982–1985) * Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission of India, (1985–1987) * Advisor to Prime Minister of India on Economic Affairs (1990–1991) * Finance Minister of India, (21 June 1991 – 15 May 1996) * Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha (1998–2004) * Prime Minister of India (22 May 2004 – Present)
Notes #46a , Title: “ Modern India ” 7) India’s Promise : a) Entrepreneurial spirit, GDP grows 6% b) Natural resources + cheap labor c) Democratic Govt d) Room for growth 8) India’s Problems : a) Income gap: majority still poor (300mil/$300/yr) b) Lack of education (60% literacy, 400 mill illit) c) Low gov pay = high corruption d) Muslim/Hindu Internal Conflict (200-2000+ killed each yr) and with Pakistan (Kashmir)
9) Hindu Fundamentalism : Some (BJP) want govt to be run by Hindu beliefs (Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%)
Work #48a , Title “ Indian Government ” Read Wall Street Journal part and then answer these questions : 1) Who is running in this upcoming election? AND What is the Gandhi legacy? (unrelated to Mohandas Gandhi) 2) What is the importance of the youth vote? 3) Who are the BJP?
Arun Nayar - $1 billion 300 mil: $300 a year 700 mil: $600 a year
Work #49a , Title “ Modern India: Econ Gap ” 1) Copy Source Title: Newshour 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
Work #49b , Title “ Indian Government ” Read New York Times part and then answer these questions : 1) What happened to Ruchika? 2) How was this case a indicator of corruption? How long did the case take? 3) Was justice served?
Work #49c , Title “ Modern India: Diversity ” 1) Copy Source Title: Chakde India 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + work sections for a possible workbook quiz . Workbook Check: If your name is called, drop off your workbook with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your workbook is not turned in )