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042711 world islam 50m
 

042711 world islam 50m

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  • 11:50 minutes

042711 world islam 50m 042711 world islam 50m Presentation Transcript

  • DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 04/27/11 , Topic: Islam 2) Next line, write “ Opener #49 ” and then: 1) Write 1 high + 1 low in last 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost < 1-5 > too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opening Clip by writing at least 1 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Announcements: None
  • Agenda 1) Islam Review End Goal, you will be able to… 1) How did the Cold War effect the ME? Reminder 1) Test 2 Study Guide
  • Review 1) Muslim Empires Weaken in 1700s : Ottomans (Turkey) in E Europe/ N Africa and Safavids in Mid East 2) Wahhabism : Movement back to fundamentalism (strict following of religious text) beliefs of Islam 3) Why Islamic Empires Failed : a) Reformers and fundamentalist fought internally b) Nationalism split muti-ethnic Ottomans (Turkey) c) Europe imperialist influence on Middle East d) Gov did adopted rail, telegraph, factories, Eur. farming, Eur. medicine, Eur. education, and Eur. gov administration (bureaucracy), but too little or late
  • 5) Ottoman Empire (Post Turk Rev) : WWI German ally, control Turkey and parts of Middle East (w help of Bulgaria, cuts off Russian supply route)
  • 6) Arab Revolt (1916) : British convince Arabs (Palestine and Iraq) to revolt from Ottomans in return for independence (promise broken) 7) Sykes-Picot (1916) : UK + France secretly split up Mid. East (no regard for local ppl+borders)
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  • Notes #49a , Title: “ Islam Notes ” 1) Islam (submission) : 2 nd largest world religion, 1.8 bil ppl (Christianity 2 bil, Hinduism 1 bil) 2) Largest Islamic Nations : 1) Indonesia - 207 million 2) Pakistan - 159 mil 3) India - 151 mil 4) Bangladesh - 134 mil 5) Egypt - 75 mil 6) Turkey - 70 mil 7) Nigeria - 67 mil 8) Iran - 64 mil 9) Morocco - 33 mil 10) Algeria - 32 mil 11) Afghanistan - 49 mil 12) Sudan - 27 mil 13) Iraq - 26 mil 14) Ethiopia - 25 mil 15) Uzbekistan - 24 mil 16) Saudi Arabia - 22 mil 17) Yemen - 22 mil 18) China - 19 mil 19) Syria - 17 mil 20) Malaysia - 14 mil 21) Russia - 9 mil 60) USA - 2 mil
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  • 3) Mohammad : Founded Islam in 622, evolving from monotheistic ideas of Judaism+Christianity a) Month God spoke to him is marked as the month of Ramadan (a month of fasting) 4) Quran : Teachings of Islam (many learn Arabic to read more accurately)
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  • 5) 5 Pillars of Islam : 1) Shahadah: “There is no God but God and Muhammad is the messenger of God.” 2) Salat: 5 prayers a day 3) Sawm Ramadan: Must refrain from food, drink during month of Ramadan (Sept-ish, Eid: End of Ramadan) 4) Zakat: Charity 5) Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca (once in a lifetime)
  • 6) Sharia Law : Islamic legal system using: a) Quran b) Hadith: record of Mohammed's actions c) Ijma: rulings by Islamic scholars d) Qiyas: rulings based on analogies (similarities) to past rulings
  • 6) Sharia Law : Islamic legal system using: a) Quran b) Hadith: record of Mohammed's actions c) Ijma: rulings by Islamic scholars d) Qiyas: rulings based on analogies (similarities) to past rulings
  • 7) Secular : Separation of church and government
  • 7) Secular : Separation of church and government
  • 7) Secular : Separation of church and government
  • 8) Shi'a (Iran, Iraq, 15%) : Minority, believe only blood descendants can be leaders (mujtahids), decisions infallible (can’t be questioned) 9) Sunni (85%) : Main sect of Islam, believes leaders (imams) are not infallible
  • 8) Shi'a (Iran, Iraq, 15%) : Minority, believe only blood descendants can be leaders (mujtahids), decisions infallible (can’t be questioned) 9) Sunni (85%) : Main sect of Islam, believes leaders (imams) are not infallible
  • 10) Phrases: Jihad : Struggle to be closer to God Salaam Alay-kum : Common greeting: &quot;Peace be upon you.” Reply: “Wa Alai-kum Salam” Inshallah : God willing (strong belief in God’s will) Alla-hu ak-bar : God is great. Common Prayer : Sub-han-allah, al-ham-du-lil-lah, la il-aha ill-allah, and Alla-hu ak-bar (I declare that Allah is clear of all imperfections, praise and thanks to Allah, no one is God but Allah, and Allah is the Greatest)
  • Journ #49a , Title “ Islam ” 1) Copy Source Title: 30 Days 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
  • Journ #49b , Title “ Muhammad ” 1) Copy Source Title: Frontline 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
  • Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + work sections for a possible workbook quiz . 2) Study for Test 2 Workbook Check: If your name is called, drop off your workbook with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your workbook is not turned in )