DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 03/07/11 , Topic: Nazi Fall 2) Next line, write “ Opener #29 ” and then: 1) Write 1 high + 1 low in last 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost < 1-5 > too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opening Clip by writing at least 1 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Announcements: None
Agenda 1) UK, US, USSR vs. Nazi Germany End Goal, you will be able to… 1) How did the Allies win WWII: Europe? Reminder 1) Test 1-Delayed to Monday 3/14
Why do people obey dictators? It has to do with group authority. People behave differently in groups. Hamstern Reich Our leader will be the Hamstern (hampster in German)
Fascism Experiment: From this Fri, to Next Fri Project Goals: To understand why do people submit to group authority? Project Rules: 1) This project only takes place in this class, you may not continue the simulation outside of class. 2) This is purely a simulation, you may stop participating whenever, and then just observe. 3) Obviously, no one may verbal or physically harass or intimidate any student (that’s not the goal, and any such actions will be handled seriously) 4) Don’t take the simulation to seriously, but try too understand the dangers of group authority.
Project Background In 1967, at the former at Cubberley High School in Palo Alto, teacher Ron Jones began an experiment with his sophomores in which he turned his class into a fascist regime. The project was unethical because students were not told it was an experiment, and students were encouraged to continue their actions outside of class. He was truly trying to create fascist regime. In our class, we are NOT trying to re-create a fascist regime. We are trying to feel and then understand the power of group authority. You are ROLE PLAYING, you are not really trying to become this. In the end you have to remind yourself, it’s just a hamster (HAMSTERN)!
Feet flat on the floor, back straight, hands on the table (start class in Seating Procedure)
Stand by your desk, feet together
Bend elbows, close fist (like holding a low bar)
3) Say: Strength through Discipline
Strength through Community
Strength through Hamstern
When ever you speak, you end with saying “Hiel Hamstern”
Hamstern, Hamstern, above everything, Above everything in the entire world! When, for protection and defences, We will always take a hamsternly stand! Hamstern strength. Hamstern loyalty. For the Hamstern Father Land! Hamstern, Hamstern! Above Everything! For the Hamstern Father Land!
Review 1) 8/1939 : Hitler + Stalin ally to split up E. Europe
Review 1) 9/01/1939 : Ger. invades Poland, UK+France decl. war. WWII Eur. has started (WWII Asia 37)
2) 6/1940: France Falls : Nazi set up puppet gov (new captiol: Vichy). Fr. fight guerrilla war.
3) 6/1940: Battle of Britain : Nazi bomb UK prepping for UK invasion (UK all that’s left) a) Ger’s 2,500 airplanes vs. UK’s 700 b) UK used radar to help maximize planes c) UK refuse to give up (inspired by Churchill) Plans for Operation Sea Lion
4 ) 6/1941: Operation Barbarossa : 3 mil Nazi troops invade USSR (largest invasion in history)
5) 8/09/1941: Atlantic Charter : Roosevelt (US) + Churchill (UK) secretly meet in the Atlantic to plan: a) Fight for right for ppl to pick own gov (no ambition) b) Open economic trade and prosperity for all
6) 12/07/1941: Pearl Harbor : Japan decl. war on US, Ger. decl. war on US (12/11). (US won’t open Western Front in France, Stalin thinks on purpose)
7) 7/1942: Battle of Stalingrad : Bogged in street fighting, 2 mil die (deadliest battle in history) USSR surrounds + captures 500,000. Tides turned.
Notes #29a , Title: “ Nazi Fall ” 1) 9/1943: Invasion of Italy : UK: Rommel + US: Eisenhower succeed in N Africa, push up into Italy
2) 1942-1945: Firebombing : Bombers hit Ger. cities, some civilian to break morale (Dresden: +-135,000)
Journ #29a , “ Firebombing Dresden Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: No, don’t firebomb German cities 1) Civilians aren’t fighting, many are families and children 2) Would we want US civilians attacked when we fight a war? PRO: Yes, firebomb German cities 1) Civilians support the war in making weapons, war will stop if they quit 2) What makes a civilian life worth more, besides this will save more if the war ends sooner.
Notes #29b , Title: “ Nazi Fall ” 3) 6/06/1944: D-Day : 156,000 cross English Channel retake France (largest amphibious assault in history)
Journ #29b , Title “ Video: WWII: D-Day ” 1) Copy Source Title: Saving Private Ryan 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
Notes #29b , Title: “ Nazi’s Fall ” 4) 2/1945: Yalta Conference : Big 3 discuss wars end: a) USSR promises to E. Europe have elections b) Join war against Jap. 90 days after Ger. defeat c) USSR will get temporary control over part of Ger. (+part of Berlin) + part of Asia
5) 4/1945: Invasion of Berlin : a) USSR reaches Berlin first, followed by US+UK. b) Hitler commits suicide 4/30: VE Day: 5/08/1945 c) 100,000 Germans raped by USSR troops (USSR never punished for this) d) Capital Berlin divided in 4: US/UK/France/ USSR
Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + work sections for a possible workbook quiz . 2) Test 1-Delayed to Monday 2/08. Workbook Check: If your name is called, drop off your workbook with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your workbook is not turned in )