DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 02/07/11 , Topic: Holocaust 2) Next line, write “ Opener #18 ” and then: 1) Write 1 high + 1 low in last 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost < 1-5 > too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opening Clip by writing at least 1 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Announcements: None
This Week Monday: How the Holocaust happened Block: Life during the Holocaust Next Weeks 1: Psychology behind those helped/stood by the Holocaust Goal: Learn to stop it from ever ever ever happening again. We need your help this next 2 weeks.
Genocide: Attempt to eliminate an entire group. What Makes the Holocaust/Shoah unlike any in the Past or Present? a) Entire population of people (women, children) were targeted for their religion, not for what they did, but for being born. b) It was coordinated by the government c) It was completed with scientific efficiently and industrial scale d) Their success, over 60% of Europe’s Jews (40% of the World’s) are gone
Preview: 1) Manchuria Incident (1931) : Ultranationalist take over democracy, military fakes attack on Jap. railroad in Chinese Manchuria, Jap invades. 2) Japan Invades Rest of China (1937) : KMT forced to join with CCP to fight Japan.
2) 1938 : Ger. Demands Sudetenland (Ger. speaking part of democratic Czechoslovakia)
3) 9/1938: Munich Conference : UK+France let Ger. have Sudetenland in return no more expansion (appeasement: give dictator what they want) 4) 3/1939 : Ger. takes over rest of Czechoslovakia
5) 8/1939 : Hitler + Stalin ally to split up E. Europe
6) 9/01/1939 : Ger. invades Poland, UK+France decl. war. WWII Eur. has started (WWII Asia 37) 7) Axis Powers (1940) : Germany, Italy, Japan ally (USSR wanted to join, but Ger. refuse)
8) Blitzkrieg : Ger. Use of planes, paratroopers, tanks to invade w. speed that overwhelms
9) 9/01/1939 : Ger. invades Poland, UK+France decl. war. WWII Eur. has started (WWII Asia 37)
10) 6/1940: France Falls : Nazi set up puppet gov (new captiol: Vichy). Fr. fight guerrilla war.
I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation . We must always take sides . Neutrality helps the oppressor , never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor , never the tormented. -Elie Wiesel
I am a survivor of a concentration camp. My eyes saw what no person should witness. Gas chambers built by learned engineers . Children poisoned by educated physicians . Infants killed by trained nurses . Women and babies shot and killed by high school and college graduates. So I'm suspicious of education. My request is: help your students to be human . Your efforts must never produce learned monsters, skilled psychopaths, or educated Eichmanns. Reading and Writing and spelling and history and arithmetic are only important if they serve to make our students more human . -Unknown
Journ #18a , Title “ 1920s Diary ” 1) Put yourself in their place , describe what emotions and feelings you would feel if you were Jewish, and your family has faced generations of discrimination. While times are hard, your parents are skilled professionals, and you live a comfortable life. You focus on school. Be prepared to present.
Notes #18a , Title: “ Holocaust ” 1) Pre-WWII: Anti-Semitism : Hatred for people who practice Judaism or descend from those who practice goes back to very start 1400s 1889 (France) 1920 (US)
a) Historic rivalry : Jews, Christians, Muslims b) Fear + jealousy of Jews limit living areas + jobs (limits lead high # living in E. Europe, high education, early concentration in banking) c) Many early communists were Jewish (Marx)
2) Holocaust/ Shoah (1933–45) : 6 million+ Jewish civilians: 2/3 all Eur, 2/5 of World’s Jews killed (+ Nazi opposition, Communists, Romas/Gypsies, Homosexuals, Disabled)
3) Nazi Anti-Semitism : Blame Jews for WWI and created pseudo-science of Jewish threat+inferiority to enhance Ger. nationalism
Notes #18b , Title: “ Holocaust ” 4) 4/1933 : Nazis stage boycott of Jewish biz + Ger. police stand by
Notes #18b , Title: “ Holocaust ” 5) 9/1935 : Nuremberg Laws passed against Jews Chart used to help determine if you were Jewish (3 Jewish grandparents)
Nuremburg Laws (September 15, 1935) Entirely convinced that the purity of German blood is essential to the further existence of the German people… the Reichstag has unanimously resolved upon the following law, which is promulgated herewith: Marriages between Jews and citizens of German or kindred blood are forbidden. Marriages concluded in defiance of this law are void, even if, for the purpose of evading this law, they were concluded abroad. Jews will not be permitted to employ female citizens of German or kindred blood as domestic workers under the age of 45. Jews are forbidden to display the Reich and national flag or the national colours. On the other hand they are permitted to display the Jewish colours.
Journ #18b , Title “ 1930s Diary ” 1) Put yourself in their place , describe what emotions and feelings you would feel if you were Jewish, Germans boycott your parents, and the Nuremberg Laws were just passed. Be prepared to present.
Notes #19a , Title: “ Holocaust ” 1) 7/1938 : Jews required to carry special ID
Notes #19a , Title: “ Holocaust ” 2) 9/9/1938 (Kristallnacht - The Night of Broken Glass) : Response to teenage Jew killing a Ger, 9000 Jewish biz + 900 synagogues destroyed, 30,000 Jews sent to camps .
From Heinrich Müller to all Gestapo Offices (November 9, 1938): 1) Actions against Jews, especially against their synagogues, will take place throughout the Reich shortly. They are not to be interfered with ; however, liaison is to be effected with the Ordnungspolizei to ensure that looting and other significant excesses are suppressed . 2) So far as important archive material exists in synagogues this is to be secured by immediate measures. 3) Preparations are to be made for the arrest of about 20,000 to 30,000 Jews in the Reich. Above all well-to-do Jews are to be selected. 4) Should Jews in possession of weapons be encountered in the course of the action, the sharpest measures.
From Reinhard Heydrich to all Gestapo (November 10, 1938): On account of the assassination of the Leg. Sec. v. Rath in Paris, demonstrations against the Jews are to be expected throughout the Reich in the present night... a) Only such measures should be taken as will not endanger German life or property (i.e. synagogue burning only if there is no fire-danger to the surroundings)… b) Businesses and dwellings of Jews should only be destroyed , not plundered. The police are instructed to supervise this regulation and to arrest looters. c) Special care is to be taken that in business streets non-Jewish businesses are absolutely secured against damage
Notes #19a , Title: “ Holocaust ” 3) 1939 : 930 Jews aboard St. Louis turned away, US accept only 20,000 Jews in WWII ( Shanghai one of few places accepting Jews )
Journ #19a , Title “ 1939 Diary ” 1) Put yourself in their place , describe what emotions and feelings you would feel if you were on the US St. Louis? Be prepared to present.
Notes #19b , Title: “ Holocaust ” 4) 1940 : Warsaw Ghetto containing 400,000+ Jews, is sealed, Jews across Eur. used as slave labor (Many large Ger. comp like VW + BMW benefited)
Notes #19d , Title: “ Holocaust ” 5) 1942 : Nazis determine " Final Solution " to be implemented by the SS , led by Himmler , to use science + industry to kill as efficiently as possible: rail > gas chamber > crematorium
Journ #19b , Title “ 1940s Diary ” 1) Put yourself in their place , describe what emotions and feelings you would feel if you were sent to the ghetto to be “liquidated”? Be prepared to present.
Journ #19c , Title “ 1940s Diary ” 1) Put yourself in their place , describe what emotions and feelings you would feel if these are your last memories of life? Be prepared to present.
Perpetrators Nazis, Hitler, Himler, SS officers, and thousands others. Bystanders German Civilians, Catholic Church, Allies, and billions of others. Upstanders Jewish resistors, Japanese diplomat Sugihara, German Businessman Oskar Schindler, Netherlands, community of Shanghai, and thousands of others.
First they came for the communists, and I did not speak up—because I was not a communist; Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak up—because I was not a Jew; Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn't speak up—because I was a Protestant; Then they came for me—and by that time no one was left to speak up. -Pastor Martin Niemöller
Journ #19d , Title “ Video: Upstanders ” 1) Copy Source Title: Schindler’s List 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections Time Bookmark: 44:12-44:52, 1:15:35-1:18:05
Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + work sections for a possible workbook quiz . 2) Pick and listen to your 4 news podcast by next Monday. Workbook Check: If your name is called, drop off your workbook with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your workbook is not turned in )