Chapter 3 Minerals of the Earth’s Crust What is a Mineral Section 1
Mineral <ul><li>A naturally formed inorganic with a crystalline structure </li></ul>
Elements <ul><li>Substances that can be broken down into simpler forms by ordinary chemical means </li></ul>
Compound <ul><li>A substance made of two or more elements </li></ul>
Crystals <ul><li>Solid geometric forms of minerals produced by a repeating pattern of atoms </li></ul>
Crystal Classes <ul><li>Isometric  </li></ul>
Crystal Classes <ul><li>Hexagonal </li></ul>
Crystal Classes <ul><li>Tetragonal </li></ul>
Crystal Classes <ul><li>Orthorhombic </li></ul>
Crystal Classes <ul><li>Monoclinic </li></ul>
Crystal Classes <ul><li>Triclinic </li></ul>
Silicate Minerals <ul><li>Minerals that contain Silicon & Oxygen </li></ul>
Non silicate Minerals <ul><li>Minerals that don’t contain a combination of Silicon & Oxygen </li></ul>
Chapter 3 Minerals of the Earth’s Crust Identifying Minerals Section 2
Mineral Color <ul><li>Minerals come in different colors & shades </li></ul>
Luster <ul><li>The way a surface reflects light </li></ul>
Cleavage <ul><li>The tendency of some minerals to break along flat surfaces </li></ul>
Fracture <ul><li>Break unevenly along curved or irregular surfaces </li></ul>
Hardness <ul><li>Minerals resistance to being scratched </li></ul>
Density <ul><li>Measure of how much matter there is in a given amount of space </li></ul>
Special Properties - Fluorescene <ul><li>Glow under ultraviolet light </li></ul>
Special Properties –  Chemical Reaction <ul><li>“Fizz” when a drop of acid is placed on it </li></ul>
Special Properties –  Optical Properties <ul><li>Calcite will cause double image </li></ul>
Special Properties – Radioactivity <ul><li>Minerals that contain radium & uranium </li></ul>
Special Properties – Magnetism <ul><li>Natural Magnets </li></ul>
Special Properties – Taste <ul><li>Salty Taste </li></ul>
Chapter 3 Minerals of the Earth’s Crust The Formation &  Mining of Minerals Section 3
Ore <ul><li>Mineral deposit that can be mined for profit </li></ul>
Surface Mining <ul><li>Removal of minerals & other materials at or near the Earth’s surface </li></ul>
Deep Mining <ul><li>Removal of minerals & materials from deep within the Earth. </li></ul>
Reclamation <ul><li>Return land to its original state after mining </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

OLM Science6_3

760

Published on

Grade 6, Chapter 3

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
760
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

OLM Science6_3

  1. 1. Chapter 3 Minerals of the Earth’s Crust What is a Mineral Section 1
  2. 2. Mineral <ul><li>A naturally formed inorganic with a crystalline structure </li></ul>
  3. 3. Elements <ul><li>Substances that can be broken down into simpler forms by ordinary chemical means </li></ul>
  4. 4. Compound <ul><li>A substance made of two or more elements </li></ul>
  5. 5. Crystals <ul><li>Solid geometric forms of minerals produced by a repeating pattern of atoms </li></ul>
  6. 6. Crystal Classes <ul><li>Isometric </li></ul>
  7. 7. Crystal Classes <ul><li>Hexagonal </li></ul>
  8. 8. Crystal Classes <ul><li>Tetragonal </li></ul>
  9. 9. Crystal Classes <ul><li>Orthorhombic </li></ul>
  10. 10. Crystal Classes <ul><li>Monoclinic </li></ul>
  11. 11. Crystal Classes <ul><li>Triclinic </li></ul>
  12. 12. Silicate Minerals <ul><li>Minerals that contain Silicon & Oxygen </li></ul>
  13. 13. Non silicate Minerals <ul><li>Minerals that don’t contain a combination of Silicon & Oxygen </li></ul>
  14. 14. Chapter 3 Minerals of the Earth’s Crust Identifying Minerals Section 2
  15. 15. Mineral Color <ul><li>Minerals come in different colors & shades </li></ul>
  16. 16. Luster <ul><li>The way a surface reflects light </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cleavage <ul><li>The tendency of some minerals to break along flat surfaces </li></ul>
  18. 18. Fracture <ul><li>Break unevenly along curved or irregular surfaces </li></ul>
  19. 19. Hardness <ul><li>Minerals resistance to being scratched </li></ul>
  20. 20. Density <ul><li>Measure of how much matter there is in a given amount of space </li></ul>
  21. 21. Special Properties - Fluorescene <ul><li>Glow under ultraviolet light </li></ul>
  22. 22. Special Properties – Chemical Reaction <ul><li>“Fizz” when a drop of acid is placed on it </li></ul>
  23. 23. Special Properties – Optical Properties <ul><li>Calcite will cause double image </li></ul>
  24. 24. Special Properties – Radioactivity <ul><li>Minerals that contain radium & uranium </li></ul>
  25. 25. Special Properties – Magnetism <ul><li>Natural Magnets </li></ul>
  26. 26. Special Properties – Taste <ul><li>Salty Taste </li></ul>
  27. 27. Chapter 3 Minerals of the Earth’s Crust The Formation & Mining of Minerals Section 3
  28. 28. Ore <ul><li>Mineral deposit that can be mined for profit </li></ul>
  29. 29. Surface Mining <ul><li>Removal of minerals & other materials at or near the Earth’s surface </li></ul>
  30. 30. Deep Mining <ul><li>Removal of minerals & materials from deep within the Earth. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Reclamation <ul><li>Return land to its original state after mining </li></ul>

×