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Grade 6, Chapter 2

Grade 6, Chapter 2

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 2 Maps & Models of the Earth You are Here Section 1
  • 2. Map
    • Model or representation of the Earth’s surface
  • 3. Cardinal Directions
    • North, East, South & West
  • 4. True North
    • Geographic North Pole
  • 5. Magnetic Declination
    • The difference between geographic north & true north
  • 6. Equator
    • The circle halfway between the poles that divides the north & south
  • 7. Latitude
    • The distance north or south, measured in degrees, from the equator
  • 8. Longitude
    • Imaginary lines that pass through the poles
  • 9. Prime Meridian
    • Line that represents 0 degrees longitude
  • 10. Chapter 2 Maps & Models of the Earth Mapping the Earth’s Surface Section 2
  • 11. Flat Sphere
    • A map is a flat representation of the Earth’s surface
  • 12. Mercator Projection
    • Shows the Earth’s latitude & longitude as straight parallel lines
  • 13. Conic Projection
    • Map projection that is made by transferring the contents of a globe onto a cone
  • 14. Azimuthal Projection
    • Transfer the contents of the globe onto a plane
  • 15. Aerial Photographs
    • Photographs from the air
  • 16. Remote Sensing
    • Gathering of information without being there
  • 17. Chapter 2 Maps & Models of the Earth Topographic Maps Section 3
  • 18. Topographic Map
    • A map that shows surface features of the earth
  • 19. Elevation
    • The height of an object above sea level
  • 20. Contour Lines
    • Lines that connect points of equal elevation
  • 21. Contour Interval
    • The difference in elevation between one contour line and the next
  • 22. Relief
    • Difference in elevation between the highest & lowest points of an area
  • 23. Index Contour
    • Darker & heavier contour line, usually every 5 th line