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OLM Science6_1
 

OLM Science6_1

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Grade Six, Chap. 1

Grade Six, Chap. 1

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    OLM Science6_1 OLM Science6_1 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science Branches of Earth Science Section 1
    • Geology
      • The study of solid earth
    • Oceanography
      • The study of the Ocean
    • Physical Oceanography
      • Study of waves & ocean currents
    • Biological Oceanography
      • Study of plants & animals that live in the ocean
    • Geological Oceanography
      • Study of the Ocean floor
    • Chemical Oceanography
      • Study of natural chemicals & chemicals from pollution
    • Black Smokers
      • Rock chimneys on the ocean floor that spew black clouds
    • Hydrothermal Vent
      • A crack in the Ocean floor that releases very hot water
    • Meteorology
      • The study of the entire atmosphere
    • Hurricanes
      • Major storms
    • Tornadoes
      • Dangerous weather element
    • Astronomy
      • The study of all physical things beyond earth
    • Ecosystem
      • Organisms non living environment
    • Geochemistry
      • Chemistry of rocks, minerals & soil
    • Environmental Science
      • The study of how humans interact with the environment
    • Geography
      • Study of the surface features of the earth
    • Cartography
      • Map making
    • Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science The Scientific Method in Earth Science Section 2
    • The Scientific Method
      • A series of steps that scientists use to answer questions & solve problems
    • The Scientific Method
      • The Scientific Method involves 7 steps:
              • Make Observations
              • Ask a Question
              • Form a Hypothesis
              • Test your Hypothesis
              • Analyze the Results
              • Draw Conclusions
              • Communicate the Results
    • The Scientific Method Make Observations - You observe something in the material world, using your senses or machines which are basically extensions of those senses. AH—Look at this!
    • The Scientific Method Ask a Question - You ask a question about what you observe. State the problem or question.
    • The Scientific Method Form a Hypothesis - You predict what you think the answer to your question might be
    • The Scientific Method Test your Hypothesis - You figure out a way to test whether hypothesis is correct. The outcome must be Measurable. Record and analyze data.
    • The Scientific Method Analyze the Results - You do the experiment using the method you came up with and record the results. You repeat the experiment to confirm Your results by retesting.
    • The Scientific Method Draw Conclusion - You state whether your prediction was confirmed or not and try to explain your results.
    • The Scientific Method
      • Communicate Results – Share what is learned with other scientists
    • The Scientific Method
    • Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science Life in a Warmer World – An Earth Science Model Section 3
    • Global Warming
      • Worldwide increase in temperature
    • Effects of Global Warming
      • Rotting Remains – Rate of decay would increase if the Earth’s temperature rose
    • Effects of Global Warming
      • Ice is Nice – Warmer Temperatures mean that much of the ice would melt
    • Effects of Global Warming
      • Water, Water Everywhere – As temperature increased the volume of the oceans would expand
    • Effects of Global Warming
      • Rain, Rain Go Away – There would be more rain
    • Models
      • Representations of objects or systems
    • Physical Models
      • Models that you can touch
    • Mathematical Models
      • Model made up of math equations & data
    • Conceptual Models
      • System of ideas
    • Theory
      • A unifying explanation for a broad range of hypothesis & observations
    • Greenhouse Effect
      • Global-warming
    • Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science Measurement & Safety Section 4
    • SI
      • International System of Units
    • Length/Volume/Mass/Temp
    • Meter(m)
      • Basic unit of length in the SI system
    • Volume
      • Amount of space something occupies
    • Mass
      • Amount of matter something is made of
    • Temperature
      • A measure of how hot or cold something is