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Grade Six, Chap. 1

Grade Six, Chap. 1

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  • 1. Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science Branches of Earth Science Section 1
  • 2. Geology
    • The study of solid earth
  • 3. Oceanography
    • The study of the Ocean
  • 4. Physical Oceanography
    • Study of waves & ocean currents
  • 5. Biological Oceanography
    • Study of plants & animals that live in the ocean
  • 6. Geological Oceanography
    • Study of the Ocean floor
  • 7. Chemical Oceanography
    • Study of natural chemicals & chemicals from pollution
  • 8. Black Smokers
    • Rock chimneys on the ocean floor that spew black clouds
  • 9. Hydrothermal Vent
    • A crack in the Ocean floor that releases very hot water
  • 10. Meteorology
    • The study of the entire atmosphere
  • 11. Hurricanes
    • Major storms
  • 12. Tornadoes
    • Dangerous weather element
  • 13. Astronomy
    • The study of all physical things beyond earth
  • 14. Ecosystem
    • Organisms non living environment
  • 15. Geochemistry
    • Chemistry of rocks, minerals & soil
  • 16. Environmental Science
    • The study of how humans interact with the environment
  • 17. Geography
    • Study of the surface features of the earth
  • 18. Cartography
    • Map making
  • 19. Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science The Scientific Method in Earth Science Section 2
  • 20. The Scientific Method
    • A series of steps that scientists use to answer questions & solve problems
  • 21. The Scientific Method
    • The Scientific Method involves 7 steps:
            • Make Observations
            • Ask a Question
            • Form a Hypothesis
            • Test your Hypothesis
            • Analyze the Results
            • Draw Conclusions
            • Communicate the Results
  • 22. The Scientific Method Make Observations - You observe something in the material world, using your senses or machines which are basically extensions of those senses. AH—Look at this!
  • 23. The Scientific Method Ask a Question - You ask a question about what you observe. State the problem or question.
  • 24. The Scientific Method Form a Hypothesis - You predict what you think the answer to your question might be
  • 25. The Scientific Method Test your Hypothesis - You figure out a way to test whether hypothesis is correct. The outcome must be Measurable. Record and analyze data.
  • 26. The Scientific Method Analyze the Results - You do the experiment using the method you came up with and record the results. You repeat the experiment to confirm Your results by retesting.
  • 27. The Scientific Method Draw Conclusion - You state whether your prediction was confirmed or not and try to explain your results.
  • 28. The Scientific Method
    • Communicate Results – Share what is learned with other scientists
  • 29. The Scientific Method
  • 30. Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science Life in a Warmer World – An Earth Science Model Section 3
  • 31. Global Warming
    • Worldwide increase in temperature
  • 32. Effects of Global Warming
    • Rotting Remains – Rate of decay would increase if the Earth’s temperature rose
  • 33. Effects of Global Warming
    • Ice is Nice – Warmer Temperatures mean that much of the ice would melt
  • 34. Effects of Global Warming
    • Water, Water Everywhere – As temperature increased the volume of the oceans would expand
  • 35. Effects of Global Warming
    • Rain, Rain Go Away – There would be more rain
  • 36. Models
    • Representations of objects or systems
  • 37. Physical Models
    • Models that you can touch
  • 38. Mathematical Models
    • Model made up of math equations & data
  • 39. Conceptual Models
    • System of ideas
  • 40. Theory
    • A unifying explanation for a broad range of hypothesis & observations
  • 41. Greenhouse Effect
    • Global-warming
  • 42. Chapter 1 The World of Earth Science Measurement & Safety Section 4
  • 43. SI
    • International System of Units
  • 44. Length/Volume/Mass/Temp
  • 45. Meter(m)
    • Basic unit of length in the SI system
  • 46. Volume
    • Amount of space something occupies
  • 47. Mass
    • Amount of matter something is made of
  • 48. Temperature
    • A measure of how hot or cold something is