Timeline History Of Golub Dobrzyń
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Timeline History Of Golub Dobrzyń

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imeline History Of Golub Dobrzyń

imeline History Of Golub Dobrzyń

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Timeline History Of Golub Dobrzyń Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Timeline HISTORY OF GOLUB-DOBRZYŃ
  • 2. GIMNAZJUM IM. ANNY WAZWÓNY GOLUB-DOBRZYŃ POLAND
  • 3. The history of Golub dates back to the 8th century. There was a first settlement then on the River Drwęca. It was captured in 1231 by a few Teutonic troops. Golub was a bridge-head situated at the borderline of the Chełmińska Land and it was thought to protect against the Prussian assaults.
  • 4. The village of Wisław, Bishop Golub was of Włocławek mentioned in granted Golub to written sources the Teutonic for the first time Order (as villa Golube) 1254 18. IV 1293 1260 1280 1250 1270 1290 1254 1293 1295 1296 Teutonic Golub with its vicinity was Golub was The Teutonic earth handed over to Wolimir, granted civic knights started and timber Bishop of Włocławek by rights to build a castle fortifications the Commander of were built Dzierzgoń, Konrad Stange
  • 5. The Teutonic Knights erected a castle in the years 1296-1306 King Władysław Łokietek with Lithuanian troops Foundation of tried to seize the the Teutonic castle – in vain town 1300 1330 − 1332 1310 1330 1340 1320 1300 1306 2.02. 1306 1300 − 1320 1320 − 1350 The first and Commander Presbitery Building main phase of von Sack of Golub of the erecting a played host church nave of brick castle to Siemowit, was built Golub was completed Duke of church Dobrzyń
  • 6. 1409-1411 – The great Polish-Lithuanian-Teutonic War During battle of The First Treaty Grunwald died, of Toruń returned among others, the fortress and Mikołaj de Roder, town to Commander the Teutons of Golub 1411 1410 1410 1430 1420 1440 1400 1421 1410 All the town rights King Vladislaus were confirmed by Jagellon’s Grand Master troops seized Michael Golub Kuchmeister von Sternberg
  • 7. The War of Golub King Władysław Jagiełło captured the town and laid siege to the fortress by cannonfire. The siege and defense were described by Jan Długosz in his Annals. 20 − 26. 08. 1422 1410 1430 1420 1440 1400 He writes that the Teutons and Silesian regulars who helped them were forced to burn down the buildings behind the outer defensive walls and kill the horses kept there. The defense of the high castle, which was bombarded by 14 cannons, also proved fruitless. The commander and 50 Teutonic knights fell, and 40 Silesian soldiers were taken prisoners.
  • 8. 1454-1466 The Thirteen Years' War Golub became part of Poland as The rule of a result of Golub was chosen commanders a peace treaty to be the seat of ended signed in Toruń royal starosts 1454 1456 1466 1450 1470 1460 1440 1455 1460 Grot of Teutonic mercaneries took over Ostrów was the town by deceit but the castle the castle’s was defended for 2 years by a leaseholder Czech troop loyal to the king and commanded by Andrzej Puszkarz
  • 9. By the order of the Starosta Stanisław king Sigismund I the Kostka of Sztemberg Old the castle was (Szymbark) initialized renovated by bishop the renovation of the Konopacki castle 1511 1527 1510 1530 1540 1540 1500 1520 1524 For nearly 100 years the Golub Starosty is held by the Kostka family
  • 10. The town was handed to Jan Kostka, later the voivode of Sandomierz, a senator, a candidate for the throne of Poland, the castellan of Gdańsk, Grand Treasurer of Prussia, steward Jerzy Kostka became the of Malbork and secretary to the King Golub starost Sigismund II Augustus 1594 1555 1560 1580 1600 1590 1550 1570 1557 On the strength of a family contract Golub is passed to Krzysztof Kostka
  • 11. Anna Vasa was an educated and intelligent woman, knew six Princess Anna Vasa, languages and took up many the sister of King scientific fields, eg botanics. She Sigismund III, ruled grew many rare plants in castle the Golub castle garden and was the first to bring 1611 - 1625 to Poland and grow... tobacco. 1610 1630 1620 1640 1600 1616 - 1623 The meticulous reconstruction changed the Gothic walls into late-Renaissance facades: the walls were topped with an attic, the square towers were replaced by rounded ones, and the elevations got new rectangular windows
  • 12. 1626 - 1629 Polish-Swedish War The starosty was Princess The first Swedish given to princess Anna Vasa invasion of the Anna Catherine was dead castle Constance 6. 02. 1625 1626 1632 – 1638 1630 1650 1640 1660 1620 1623 1625 – 1631 King The castle remained in Sigismund women’s hands – Golub III Vasa Starosty was assumed by stayed in Queen Constance of Golub Austria
  • 13. 1655-1660 Polish-Swedish War Swedes occupy Golub was Golub for 2 years. liberated by an The town was allied imperial damaged. army. 11. 1655 13. 10. 1657 1650 1670 1660 1640 1638 – 1645 The starosty was passed into the A town map hands of Queen of Golub by Cecilia Renata – M. Haftka, the wife of 1655 Władysław IV Vasa
  • 14. The church tower was destroyed in a thunderstorm 1689 Golub from 1774 1690 1710 1720 1680 1700 1700 – 1721 1684 The Great Dobrzyń was granted some Northern War privileges and the name of 1716 the Suburbs of Golub by The town was Zygmunt Działyński, the damaged voivode of Kalisz
  • 15. The Seven Years' War A destruction of the town and the impoverishment of its citizens followed due to recession, robberies and war contributions. 1756–1763 1730 1750 1720 1740 1760 15. 06. 1721 6. 08. 1740 Jakub Działyński confirms Marcin Działyński also confirms the the privileges of privileges of Przedmieście Golubskie Dobrzyń. (Suburb of Golub) and endows the settlement with new land.
  • 16. A ceremonial The First Partition consecration of the Golub included in Protestant church with Prussia. the participation of 800 A Protestant 17. 09. 1772 the colonists and a military congregation town’s comissar orchetsra from Toruń was established was von Gaudi 18. 01. 1784 1. 11. 1780 1772 1780 1800 1790 1810 1770 1782 1789 The congregation Count Ignacy Działyński set about to gives the settlement building its Przedmieście Golubskie church, funded by Dobrzyń civic rights King Frederick II and calls it Dobrzyń, presenting of Prussia the town with his family crest
  • 17. The Second The march of Partition – Drwęca became Napoleon both towns a natural border Prussian Bonaparte’s under between Prussia administration troops Prussian rule and Russia took over Golub 1793 23. 06. 1815 1812 – 1813 May 1815 1800 1820 1810 1830 1790 1795 1806 – 1807 1807 – 1815 14. 11. 1815 The Third Antoni Wybranicki The Napoleonic Golub and Partition becomes the owner army was Dobrzyń of Dobrzyń stationed in remained part Golub of the Duchy of Warsaw
  • 18. Cholera epidemic in Golub 1831 Golub, 2nd half of the 19th c. 1830 1850 1860 1820 1840 1857 1823 – 1827 1833 1853 Fire in Dobrzyń Antoni Wybraniecki, Flood in Cholera – a large square owner of a nearby estate Golub epidemic in was marked out in Sokołów, helps Golub in front of the financially to build the church church in Dobrzyń
  • 19. Dobrzyń larger than Golub – with 201 houses and 3665 citizens: 1212 Poles, 94 Germans and 2359 Jews, School building whereas Golub had is built 2893 citizens 1899 1880 1870 1890 1880 1860 1900 1893 25. 07. 1886 A new church Fire consumed tower was almost all northern erected part of Golub in Dobrzyń
  • 20. Emperor Wilhelm II, fond of Teutonic architecture, found the means to renovate the castle 1907 1910 1930 1920 1900 1931 1909 28. 07. 1914 Outbreak of WW I A protestant German soldiers from church was Golub broke the gate built in on the bridge over the Golub Drwęca and entered Dobrzyń
  • 21. Crossing the river, Golub was the army marched attacked by into Golub and was the Red enthusiastically Army greeted by its citizens 17. 01. 1920 August 1920 1930 1910 1920 1931 16. 01. 1920 January 1920 General Józef The town Haller’s Blue was finally Army marched returned to into Dobrzyń Poland
  • 22. 1938 Old Dobrzyn City Map 1933 1935 1937 1934 1932 1936 1938 Dobrzyń before WW II 1937 Renovation of the roof and some rooms for the museum were carried out at the castle
  • 23. 1939 – 1945 The Nazi Occupation, the mass murder of Jews in Golub and Dobrzyń, the ruin of the Polish intelligenstia, the forcible enrolment on German People’s List (a. 90% of the town’s citizens) The German police arrested 20 Polish citizens of Dobrzyń and about 230-260 Jews and deported them to Bydgoszcz. The Jews of Dobrzyń were shot a few weeks later. 14. 09. 1939 1943 1939 1941 1938 1940 1942 Autumn 1939 November 1939 About 250 citizens of Another transport of Dobrzyń and Golub were Jews from Golub and imprisoned, including all Dobrzyń – they died, priests of both parishes among others, in death camps and the Warsaw Ghetto
  • 24. German invaders Three synagogues (two destroyed Towns Golub in Dobrzyń), the former numerous houses i Dobrzyń school and Jewish bath in the Jewish were liberated were taken apart part of Dobrzyń 1939-1942 1943-1944 23 stycznia 1945 1945 1941 1943 1940 1942 1944 1941–1944 A training camp was organised for Hitlerjugend at the castle
  • 25. Golub-Dobrzyń Reconstruction was the seat of works at the Golub the powiat Castle were executed 01.01.1956 – 31.05.1975 1959 – 1969 1950 1970 1960 1980 1945 1948 1962 05.05.1951 A public A school building Golub and library was (presently Dobrzyń were opened in housing united to make Golub School Complex one city No. 1) was opened
  • 26. Polish President Aleksander Building a Kwaśniewski stayed 2nd bridge in Golub- over the Dobrzyń Drwęca 07.2001 1986-1988 1980 2000 1970 2010 1990 05.2003 1. 01. 1990 The Powiat of New Fire Golub- Brigade Dobrzyń was Headquarters established was opened