The zimbabwe dairy industry
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The zimbabwe dairy industry

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Zimbabwe dairy industry is highly structured and organized, yet very small. Production in 2012 in the formal dairy sector was a mere 52million kilograms against a national demand of 180million kg......

Zimbabwe dairy industry is highly structured and organized, yet very small. Production in 2012 in the formal dairy sector was a mere 52million kilograms against a national demand of 180million kg per annum. The deficit was filled through imports from South Africa and Zambia and substitutes.

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  • 1. THE ZIMBABWE DAIRY INDUSTRY Gororo Eddington, November 2013
  • 2. Industry size 2 Year Milk (‘000 mt) 1980 156 Cows (‘000) 106 Reg. farmers - 1990 262 122 521 1995 200 101 376 2000 177 42 314 2005 100 - 279 2010 47 - 236 2011 51 23 233 2012 52 23 233
  • 3. Industry structure 3 Milk collection and distribution Milk Processing Retailing and marketing Input supply Consumption
  • 4. Input supply 4         Feed compounding and marketing Fertilisers Seed companies Agro-chemicals Breeding supplies and services Veterinary services Dairy equipment and spares Etc.
  • 5. Input supply 5
  • 6. Milk Production 6  A dual industry that vary with scale of production. 1. 2.  Large scale commercial sector Smallholder sector Informal sector  not regarded as part of the industry
  • 7. Large-scale Dairy Sector 7    Large specialized farms Capitalisation and mechanisation Specialist dairy breeds and their crosses  Holstein-Frisian,   Jersey, Red Dane, Ayrshire Milk yields > 4000 kg Share of market: 97-98 %
  • 8. Large-scale Dairy Sector 8  A high level of vertical integration  Forward: to milk processing and distribution e.g. Alpha Omega Dairies, Dendairy, Clavelshay Dairy  Backwards: to feed production e.g., Dendairy (through Ice Feeds)  >200 non-operational dairy farms
  • 9. Large-scale Dairy Sector 9  Registered as Producer-retailers producer-distributors producer- processors
  • 10. Smallholder Dairy Sector 10    Small scale dairy projects initiated in 1982 under the then Dairy Marketing Board (now Dairibord Holdings Ltd) Each farmer has 1-5 specialized dairy cows and their crosses Total projects countrywide = 35  But in 2012 only 17 were operational with a combined active (delivering) membership of 485 producers.
  • 11. Smallholder Dairy Sector 11 Milk yields: 1,800-2,500litres/lactation  Milk is sold locally  to neighbours and/or  through milk collection centers (farmers’ cooperatives)  process it or sell to processing companies.  Contributes only 2-3 % of marketed milk production.
  • 12. Collection and distribution 12   Small scale farmers: bring milk to collection centre/dairy in ox-drawn carts or by bicycle or car Large scale farms: milk collected in cooled milk tankers every 2-3 days by  NFB Logistics (DZL)  NDC (DZL, Nestle, Kefalos, etc.)  Own car/lorry (cans)  Backward and forward integration in the value chain.
  • 13. 13 Dairy Processing and Reconstitution
  • 14. Processed Product Range 14   34 registered processors with capacity to process 400 million litres p. a. Liquid milks UHT – e.g. Steri, Longlife  Pasteurised – e.g., Chimombe, flavoured milks  Fermented milks – Inkomasi, Lacto, Hodzeko, Maas, yorghurts, drinking yorghurts     Powder – full cream, skim milk powder, low fat, substitute creamers Other products – cheese, dairy flavoured drinks, dairy-fruit juices, butter, ice cream Presentation  Plastic bottles, plastic satchets, PVC cups, cartons
  • 15. Marketing & distribution 15
  • 16. Support functions 16  CFU, ZFU, ZCFU    NADF The aims and objectives of the NADF are to promote, advance and develop the production of milk and dairy products in Zimbabwe and to advance and protect the interests of all sections and categories of producers and by so doing play a pivotal anchor role in the dairy industry in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Dairy Services Agency      Farmers’ organizations Regulatory (Dairy Act and Dairy Regulations) Monitoring and registration (Quality scheme) Zimbabwe Dairy Herd Improvement Program (ZDHI) Training Zimbabwe Dairy Industry Trust
  • 17. Support Services 17  NDC (National Dairy Co-operative Ltd)  bulk tank hire  bulk milk collection  Dairy Development Programme (DDP)  promote milk production in small scale commercial farms, resettlement and communal areas  Promote the processing and marketing of milk by these farmers  Government – research, technical extension, veterinary services, education and training, regulation
  • 18. Support Services 18  Bilateral and Non-Governmental Organizations  Heifer Project International  Technoserve  Land O’Lakes  European Union  USAID  ZimACP (Zimbabwe Agricultural Competitive Programme)
  • 19. Support services 19
  • 20. Contact me 20 Eddington Gororo Department of Animal Production and Technology Chinhoyi University of Technology Private Bag 7724 Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe Email: gororoeddington@gmail.com Mobile Tel. +263 77 3 916375