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13/07/2011The role of sustainable landmanagement in the transitiontowards a BI - based Economy:          From smart grids ...
Can any human system work, without fossil basedresources?»    Transport»    Communication (internet, phones…)»    Trade (f...
Homo sapiens: too highly specialized?                                  Peak                                   Oil         ...
We need fossil fuels to develop renewable energysystems!» Development of renewable energy systems decreases when      » Oi...
Decarbonize through                      Building a green economy                      13/07/2011                 5       ...
Green economy» Low carbon solutions» Clean resources» Clean processes» Efficiency + effectiveness» Optimized cycles: use o...
Back to the basics» Biomass plays a crucial role in promoting, maintaining and  sustaining the life support capacity of ou...
Back to the basicsCompared to other resources, biomass offers a particular variety andflexibility of use what makes it so ...
Back to the basics  Non-food applications of   BI         - mass include:            Energy: fuels, electricity, heat     ...
Source: "IB 2025, Maximising UK Opportunities from Industrial Biotechnology in aLow Carbon Economy, A report to government...
13/07/2011        11© 2010, VITO NV
Global trends in population and diet: agricultural land willneed to expand to feed the worldAny additional non-food demand...
Yield limitations» Yield increase is often mentioned as a silver bullet solution to  biomass production capacity        - ...
New mode of resource management                 New mode of land use managementSustainable biomass use       = within the ...
Management in COMPLEXITY…Complex problems facing society      »   Complexity of LCA pathways      »   Indirect effects / p...
DIFFERENT STAKESDivergent policy perspectives on non-food biomass» Climate perspective: reduce GHG emissions» Agriculture ...
Economic versus ecological sense» A favoured approach of dealing with economic recession or  stagnating economies in the p...
Economic versus ecological sense» Optimize rather than maximize:      » Multifunctional      » Closed lean cycles      » C...
Economic versus ecological sense» Synergetic strategies      » Integrated systems: integrate ecosystem services in man-   ...
Source: Foley et al. 200513/07/2011                       20© 2010, VITO NV
Economic versus ecological sense» Use strategies that have proven to be successful: Copy nature’s principles              ...
The importance of resilience                            … creates conditions conducive to life                            ...
13/07/2011        23© 2010, VITO NV
From smart grids…      Highly intelligent networks                               13/07/2011        24                     ...
…to smart groundsBuildings like trees, centres like forests, cities like ecosystemsUsers become producers, intelligent net...
The way forward…Rethink the way we think about things!Remake the way we make things!                   Mainstream real C2C...
No one way ticket; a cyclic process of learning by doingand doing by learning…                   Organising a transition a...
Self fulfilling prophecyEnvision & Engage & Experiment & Learn & Adjust                     13/07/2011                   2...
Good planets are hard to find             Thank you.               Q&A?          Leen.gorissen@vito.be               13/07...
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Kiel Solutions For Sustaining Natural Capital And Es 062010

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The role of sustainable land management in the transition towards a bio-based economy: from smart grids to smart grounds

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Transcript of "Kiel Solutions For Sustaining Natural Capital And Es 062010"

  1. 1. 13/07/2011The role of sustainable landmanagement in the transitiontowards a BI - based Economy: From smart grids to smart grounds Leen Gorissen Transition Energy & Environment Leen Gorissen
  2. 2. Can any human system work, without fossil basedresources?» Transport» Communication (internet, phones…)» Trade (food, material … supply)» Health system» Educational system» Agriculture (fertilizers, irrigation)» … Do we have to treat our addiction therapeutically? 13/07/2011 2 © 2010, VITO NV
  3. 3. Homo sapiens: too highly specialized? Peak Oil h Abundance u Crocodiles m a n s Age of 1900 Future Dinosaurs 13/07/2011 3 © 2010, VITO NV
  4. 4. We need fossil fuels to develop renewable energysystems!» Development of renewable energy systems decreases when » Oil prices rise » Economical crises occur » Financial crises occur »… Wind turbines, solar cells,… do not self-assemble 13/07/2011 4 © 2010, VITO NV
  5. 5. Decarbonize through Building a green economy 13/07/2011 5 © 2010, VITO NV
  6. 6. Green economy» Low carbon solutions» Clean resources» Clean processes» Efficiency + effectiveness» Optimized cycles: use of residues, waste etc» Waste is food: C2C, biodegradable Resources: Less fossil, more biomass = BIO-BASED ECONOMY 13/07/2011 6 © 2010, VITO NV
  7. 7. Back to the basics» Biomass plays a crucial role in promoting, maintaining and sustaining the life support capacity of our planet ecological carrying capacity ECOSYSTEM SERVICESIf we are serious to fade out fossil fuels:Is there an alternative to massive expansion of biomassutilization over the long haul? 13/07/2011 7 © 2010, VITO NV
  8. 8. Back to the basicsCompared to other resources, biomass offers a particular variety andflexibility of use what makes it so attractive for many purposes.BI - mass Source: www.bio-economy.net 13/07/2011 8 © 2010, VITO NV
  9. 9. Back to the basics Non-food applications of BI - mass include: Energy: fuels, electricity, heat Fibres: paper, board, additives… Materials: textiles, plastic, insulation, construction… Chemicals: solvents, polymers, dyes, cosmetics, medicines 13/07/2011 9 © 2010, VITO NV
  10. 10. Source: "IB 2025, Maximising UK Opportunities from Industrial Biotechnology in aLow Carbon Economy, A report to government by the Industrial BiotechnologyInnovation and Growth Team, May 2009" 13/07/2011 10 © 2010, VITO NV
  11. 11. 13/07/2011 11© 2010, VITO NV
  12. 12. Global trends in population and diet: agricultural land willneed to expand to feed the worldAny additional non-food demand for biomass will add on top of this! 13/07/2011 12 © 2010, VITO NV
  13. 13. Yield limitations» Yield increase is often mentioned as a silver bullet solution to biomass production capacity - land scarcity - phosphorus scarcity - water scarcity - mean CC impact leads to average yield decrease - yield decrease because of increase in climate extremes - eutrification, acidification, pollution side-effects - GHG emissions -… 13/07/2011 13 © 2010, VITO NV
  14. 14. New mode of resource management New mode of land use managementSustainable biomass use = within the ecological carrying capacity of earth = no disturbance in networks and cycles of life = decoupling of economic growth to resource use? BI - mass Provisioning goods & services versus Credit: iStockphoto Supporting, regulating and cultural services & goods 13/07/2011 14 © 2010, VITO NV
  15. 15. Management in COMPLEXITY…Complex problems facing society » Complexity of LCA pathways » Indirect effects / problem shifting / thresholds / tipping points… » Marketable versus non-marketable biomass goods and servicesComplex society » Developed – Developing – Emerging economies » Multitude of sectors, traditions, stakeholders… » Multitude of views, values & stakesComplex governance » Multitude of policy areas, rules & legislations » Multitude of political agenda’s » Lock-in of practices, technologies & management regimes PERSISTENT PROBLEMS 13/07/2011 15 © 2010, VITO NV
  16. 16. DIFFERENT STAKESDivergent policy perspectives on non-food biomass» Climate perspective: reduce GHG emissions» Agriculture & forestry perspective: create additional income» Energy perspective: reduce fossil energy & improve security of supply» Environmental perspective: reduce GHG emissions & replace non- degradable with biodegradable materials» Economy perspective: create biomass business» Industrial perspective: commercialize biomass technologies» Trade perspective: increase multilateral trade opportunities» Development aid perspective: reduce poverty» …The bio-based system is emerging in an era where everything isdesigned for fossil resources:How can we ensure not to make the same mistakes as in our fossil-based past? 13/07/2011 16 © 2010, VITO NV
  17. 17. Economic versus ecological sense» A favoured approach of dealing with economic recession or stagnating economies in the past has been to increase public and consumer spending.» “While increasing our consumption of the earth’s resources may have been the solution to recession in the past, it is not the solution of the future. The more we erode the earth’s carring capacity, the more the ability of leaders to provide answers to economic and social crises diminishes.” – Ross 2009» “We need to ‘shift our emphasis from ‘managing resources’ to managing ourselves so that we learn to live as part of nature.” - Wackneragel & Rees 1996; Benyus 1997; … Beyond GDP 13/07/2011 17 © 2010, VITO NV
  18. 18. Economic versus ecological sense» Optimize rather than maximize: » Multifunctional » Closed lean cycles » Cascade : Ecopyramid Cosmetics Pharmaceuticals Food &Feed Principles based on concepts from Bioplastics & polymers - Eco-pyramid - C2C - Biomimicry Bulk chemicals and biofuels Electricity and heath production 13/07/2011 18 © 2010, VITO NV
  19. 19. Economic versus ecological sense» Synergetic strategies » Integrated systems: integrate ecosystem services in man- made landscape 13/07/2011 19 © 2010, VITO NV
  20. 20. Source: Foley et al. 200513/07/2011 20© 2010, VITO NV
  21. 21. Economic versus ecological sense» Use strategies that have proven to be successful: Copy nature’s principles 13/07/2011 21 © 2010, VITO NV
  22. 22. The importance of resilience … creates conditions conducive to life … adapts & evolves» There is a lot to learn from nature about adaptiveness & resilience 13/07/2011 22 © 2010, VITO NV
  23. 23. 13/07/2011 23© 2010, VITO NV
  24. 24. From smart grids… Highly intelligent networks 13/07/2011 24 © 2010, VITO NV
  25. 25. …to smart groundsBuildings like trees, centres like forests, cities like ecosystemsUsers become producers, intelligent networks of land uses, minimize soil sealingwith asphalt, self healing, demand management… 13/07/2011 25 © 2010, VITO NV
  26. 26. The way forward…Rethink the way we think about things!Remake the way we make things! Mainstream real C2C, BIOMIMICRY,… conceptsRevisit the way we communicate about things!Revise the way we govern things! Mainstream concepts from CHANGE MANAGEMENT, TRANSITION theory,… 13/07/2011 26 © 2010, VITO NV
  27. 27. No one way ticket; a cyclic process of learning by doingand doing by learning… Organising a transition arena for a transition theme Monitoring and evaluation of Development of experiments, long-term programmes and visions transition Experiments and programmes for system innovation 13/07/2011 27 © 2010, VITO NV
  28. 28. Self fulfilling prophecyEnvision & Engage & Experiment & Learn & Adjust 13/07/2011 28 © 2010, VITO NV
  29. 29. Good planets are hard to find Thank you. Q&A? Leen.gorissen@vito.be 13/07/2011 29 © 2010, VITO NV
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