Saint Valentines Day Лысенко Мария Владимировна Класс 54
Every February, across thecountry, candy, flowers, and giftsare exchanged between lovedones, all in the name of St.Valentine. But who is thismysterious saint and why do wecelebrate this holiday? The historyof Valentines Day — and its patronsaint — is shrouded in mystery.
So, who was Saint Valentine and how did he becomeassociated with this ancient rite?
One legend contends thatValentine was a priest who servedduring the third century in Rome.
When Emperor Claudius II decided thatsingle men made better soldiers thanthose with wives and families, heoutlawed marriage for young men — hiscrop of potential soldiers. Valentine,realizing the injustice of the decree,defied Claudius and continued toperform marriages for young lovers insecret. When Valentines actions werediscovered, Claudius ordered that hebe put to death.
Other stories suggest that Valentine may have been killedfor attempting to help Christians escape harsh Roman prisons where they were often beaten and tortured.
According to one legend, Valentine actually sent the first valentine greeting himself.While in prison, it is believed that Valentine fell in love with a young girl — who may have been his jailors daughter — who visited him during his confinement.
Before his death, it is alleged that he wrote her a letter, which he signed From your Valentine, anexpression that is still in use today.
Although the truth behind the Valentine legends is murky, the stories certainly emphasize hisappeal as a sympathetic, heroic, and, most importantly, romanticfigure. Its no surprise that by theMiddle Ages, Valentine was one of the most popular saints in England and France.
Early Valentines Day Tradition in BritainUnmarried girls in Britain and Italy used to wake up before sunrise on Valentines Day. They believed that the first man they see on Valentines Day or someone who looks like him would marry them within a year. Girls, therefore, used to wake upearly to stand by their window and wait for the man to pass. William Shakespeare, the famous English playwright, mentions this belief in Hamlet (1603). Ophelia, a woman in the play, sings: Good morrow! Tis St. Valentines Day All in the morning betime, And I a maid at your window, To be your valentine!
Valentines Day in Japan Valentines Day is celebrated in an interesting manner on two different dates in the country ofJapan. On February 14, female present gifts to their boyfriends or any man close to them. The favor is returned to ladies on the White Day celebrated on March 14 when men pamper women who gave them gifts a month before on Valentines Day.
Tradition of Gifting Chocolates There is a strong tradition of women gifting chocolates to men on Valentines Day in Japan. It is seen that two types of chocolates are more popular for Valentines Day. One type of chocolate called giri-choco is bought for friends, bosses, colleaguesand close male friends. Chocolates for boyfriends or husbands are special ones and are called hon-mei. Many Japanese girls think that it is not true love if they buy Valentinesday chocolates for their boyfriend and hence honmei -choco is usually prepared by girls themselves.
Список литературы, ссылки интернета:1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valentines2. http://www.history.com/content/valentine/history-of-valentine-s-day3. http://images.yandex.ru/search?text=valentines%20day&stype=image4. http://www.stvalentinesday.org/valentines-day-in-britain.html