Majority of the patients were within the 15-29
The mean age is 27 years old
The ratio of male to female is 14:1
Majority are workers/employees
Drugs are first introduced at age 15-19
Almost 70% cited friends as their major source
Most are mono-drug users (shabu)
A drug is a chemical substance
that brings about physical,
emotional or behavioral change
in a person taking it.
Is any substance other
than food or water that is
intended to be taken or
administered for the
purpose of altering,
sustaining or controlling
the recipients physical,
mental or emotional state.
Used as suppository or applied
Most drugs are taken
orally. When a drug is
swallowed it goes to
the stomach, absorbed
by the small intestines
and into the blood for
Inhaled drugs enter the
bloodstream through the
capillaries of the lungs.
When a drug is injected
into a vein it travels
directly to the heart and
circulate throughout the
Is the use of any substance, licit or illicit, which
results in an individuals physical, mental,
emotional or social impairments.
It is the use or consumption without medical
authorization of medically useful drugs which
alter mood and behavior.
It is the use of drugs and substance for a
purpose different from the one for which it has
Cannabis Sativa (Plants)
Street / Slang Names
Mary Jane , MJ, Flower, Doodie,
Pampapogi, Brownies, Damo, Pot,
Tea, Joint, Dope, Jutes, Chongki,
Weed, Ganja, Hushies, etc.
Scientific Name:Scientific Name:
3-4 MethyleneDioxyMethAmphetamine3-4 MethyleneDioxyMethAmphetamine
or MDMAor MDMA
Street / Slang NamesStreet / Slang Names
Designers Drug, X, XTC, Rave, E,Designers Drug, X, XTC, Rave, E,
Eckie, Love Drug, Flying Saucer, LBDEckie, Love Drug, Flying Saucer, LBD
or Libido, Jagged Little Pill, Adam,or Libido, Jagged Little Pill, Adam,
Eve, Artist Drug, Hug Drug, MDA,Eve, Artist Drug, Hug Drug, MDA,
MDEA, Love Doves, Disco Biscuit, etc.MDEA, Love Doves, Disco Biscuit, etc.
ACCORDING TO:ACCORDING TO:
PROHIBITED - not legally sold unless authorized
by competent authority.
(Ex. Heroin, Marijuana, Cocaine, Opium)
REGULATED - sold with prescription.
(Ex. Amphetamine, Nubain)
Note: Under the new Drug Law (R.A. 9165) both categories are
considered as Dangerous Drugs.
A. ORIGINA. ORIGIN
Natural - anything that comes from nature.
Ex. Plants (Marijuana) and Animals
(Snake venom - snakebites)
Synthetic - anything that is produced
artificially or processed in the laboratory.
Volatile chemical substances that contain
psycho-active (mind/mood altering) vapors to
produce a state of intoxication.
Ex: Glue and Adhesive Cement / Rugby / Super
Glue / Thinner
Sudden death, presumably
from cardiac arrest.
Suffocation & Asphyxia
Visual hallucinations and
severe mood swings
Distorted perception of time
Nausea & Vomiting
Decrease of loss of sense
Loss of memory
Muscle cramps &
Liver, lung, and kidney
Nervous system damage
imbalances in the body
Involuntary passing of urine
The term narcotic, derived from the Greek word
for stupor, originally referred to a variety of
substances that induced sleep.
Also called OPIATES, which is medically used
to relieve pain.
When abused it causes insensibility, stupor,
and dullness of mind with delusions.
(Ex: Cough syrups, Opium, Cocaine, Morphine,
Nausea & vomiting
For every large
dosage; cannot be
Cold, moist and bluish
Slowed down breathing
Runny nose and eyes
(also known as “uppers”)
Any of a group of drugs that excite the central
nervous system, in which increase alertness,
alleviate fatigue, reduce hunger and provide a
feeling of well being.
(Ex. Cocaine / Amphetamine i.e. SHABU)
Increase in blood
pressure / Heart rate /
Breathing rate / Body
A sense of well being
also called as “downers” or “barbs”
any drug or chemical that decreases the
activity of any bodily function. The term most
often is used to refer to drugs that reduce the
activity of the central nervous system
(Ex: Sedatives / Sleeping Pills / Tranquilizers)
Small doses: calmness and
Large doses: slurred speech,
staggering, poor judgment,
slow body movements &
Stuffy or running nose
membrane of nose
(also called psychedelics)
First developed as appetite suppressant
any one of a large number of natural or
synthetic psychoactive drugs that produce
marked distortions of the senses and changes
in perception. Drugs capable of provoking
changes in sensation, thinking, self-awareness
and emotion. Alteration of time and space
perception and hallucination.
(Ex: MJ / LSD / Ecstasy / Ketamine /
Faster heart beat and pulse rate
vision/Rapid Eye Movement
Dry mouth and throat
Forgetfulness/inability to think
Altered sense of time/
Impaired reflexes coordination
Acute panic anxiety reaction
Appetite loss & sleeping
“Food-trip” & sleepiness (MJ)
Severe irritation of the nasal
passages that they may
become prone to frequent
Renal damage heart disease
Injecting MDMA from
contaminated needles may
lead to risk of infections
resulting in inflammation of
the blood vessels, infection of
the heart valves, blood
poisoning and AIDS all of
which can lead to death.
HUMAN BRAINHUMAN BRAIN
THE EFFECT OF DRUGS TOTHE EFFECT OF DRUGS TOTHE EFFECT OF DRUGS TOTHE EFFECT OF DRUGS TO
Cross-Section of a Drug Affected Human BrainCross-Section of a Drug Affected Human Brain
How t o
General SignsGeneral Signs
Wearing sunglasses at inappropriate times to hide dilated orWearing sunglasses at inappropriate times to hide dilated or
constricted pupils, or bloodshot eyes.constricted pupils, or bloodshot eyes.
Found in old places like closets and storage.Found in old places like closets and storage.
Intoxication and drunkenness.Intoxication and drunkenness.
Aggressive behavior or drowsiness.Aggressive behavior or drowsiness.
Lack of concentration.Lack of concentration.
Scars on arms and body.Scars on arms and body.
Antisocial, very low morals.Antisocial, very low morals.
Nasal secretion and watering eyes.Nasal secretion and watering eyes.
Extreme cheerfulness and exhilaration.Extreme cheerfulness and exhilaration.
Extreme restlessness and irritability.Extreme restlessness and irritability.
Birth Defect calledBirth Defect called
“Acro Syndactily Yours”“Acro Syndactily Yours”
Defect cause by smoking MarijuanaDefect cause by smoking Marijuana
Defect cause by smoking MarijuanaDefect cause by smoking Marijuana
Parents who are heavyParents who are heavy
users of LSD andusers of LSD and
Marijuana are likelyMarijuana are likely
to produce childrento produce children
with Hydrocephaluswith Hydrocephalus
(Big, Watery Head)(Big, Watery Head)
WHICH ONEWHICH ONE
Family ProblemsFamily Problems
Lack of Parental GuidanceLack of Parental Guidance
Peer Pressure/CuriosityPeer Pressure/Curiosity
Boredom, FrustrationBoredom, Frustration
Weak Personality, DesireWeak Personality, Desire
to Escape From Realityto Escape From Reality
Change from normalChange from normal
capabilities (work habits,capabilities (work habits,
efficiency, etc.)efficiency, etc.)
Change in attendance atChange in attendance at
work or schoolwork or school
Stealing items which can be readily sold for cashStealing items which can be readily sold for cash
(to support a drug habit)(to support a drug habit)
Association with known drug abusersAssociation with known drug abusers
Changes in Mood – depending on the drug taken.Changes in Mood – depending on the drug taken.
Example: depressed or becoming elated and euphoric.Example: depressed or becoming elated and euphoric.
Injection Marks of anInjection Marks of an
Unusual effort made to cover armsUnusual effort made to cover arms
in order to hide needle marksin order to hide needle marks
Wearing sunglasses constantly at inappropriateWearing sunglasses constantly at inappropriate
times (for instance, indoors or at night) or onlytimes (for instance, indoors or at night) or only
to hide dilated or constricted pupils but also toto hide dilated or constricted pupils but also to
compensate for the eyes’ inability to adjust tocompensate for the eyes’ inability to adjust to
sunlight. Marijuana causes bloodshot eyes.sunlight. Marijuana causes bloodshot eyes.
Poor physical appearance, includingPoor physical appearance, including
inattention to dress and personal hygieneinattention to dress and personal hygiene