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    Drugidentificationandbehavioralill effects-110710000716-phpapp01 Drugidentificationandbehavioralill effects-110710000716-phpapp01 Presentation Transcript

    •  Majority of the patients were within the 15-29 age groups  The mean age is 27 years old  The ratio of male to female is 14:1  Majority are workers/employees  Drugs are first introduced at age 15-19  Almost 70% cited friends as their major source  Most are mono-drug users (shabu)
    •  A drug is a chemical substance that brings about physical, emotional or behavioral change in a person taking it.  Is any substance other than food or water that is intended to be taken or administered for the purpose of altering, sustaining or controlling the recipients physical, mental or emotional state.
    • 1. Tablets 2. Capsules 3. Syrup/Liquid 4. Plant 5. Cigarette 6. Powder 7. Crystals
    •  INGESTION  INHALATION  INJECTION  Used as suppository or applied topically
    •  Most drugs are taken orally. When a drug is swallowed it goes to the stomach, absorbed by the small intestines and into the blood for circulation.
    •  Inhaled drugs enter the bloodstream through the capillaries of the lungs.
    •  When a drug is injected into a vein it travels directly to the heart and circulate throughout the system.
    •  Is the use of any substance, licit or illicit, which results in an individuals physical, mental, emotional or social impairments.  It is the use or consumption without medical authorization of medically useful drugs which alter mood and behavior.  It is the use of drugs and substance for a purpose different from the one for which it has been prescribed.
    • Scientific Name: Methamphetamine Hydrochloride Street / Slang Names: Poor Man’s Cocaine, Meth, Ice, Speed, Shabs, “S”, Shasha, Ubas, Bato, Tobats, Siopao, Splash, Items, etc.
    • Scientific Name: Cannabis Sativa (Plants) Tetrahydrocannabinol (Process) Street / Slang Names Mary Jane , MJ, Flower, Doodie, Pampapogi, Brownies, Damo, Pot, Tea, Joint, Dope, Jutes, Chongki, Weed, Ganja, Hushies, etc.
    • Scientific Name:Scientific Name: 3-4 MethyleneDioxyMethAmphetamine3-4 MethyleneDioxyMethAmphetamine or MDMAor MDMA Street / Slang NamesStreet / Slang Names Designers Drug, X, XTC, Rave, E,Designers Drug, X, XTC, Rave, E, Eckie, Love Drug, Flying Saucer, LBDEckie, Love Drug, Flying Saucer, LBD or Libido, Jagged Little Pill, Adam,or Libido, Jagged Little Pill, Adam, Eve, Artist Drug, Hug Drug, MDA,Eve, Artist Drug, Hug Drug, MDA, MDEA, Love Doves, Disco Biscuit, etc.MDEA, Love Doves, Disco Biscuit, etc.
    • ACCORDING TO:ACCORDING TO:
    • PROHIBITED - not legally sold unless authorized by competent authority. (Ex. Heroin, Marijuana, Cocaine, Opium) REGULATED - sold with prescription. (Ex. Amphetamine, Nubain) Note: Under the new Drug Law (R.A. 9165) both categories are considered as Dangerous Drugs.
    • A. ORIGINA. ORIGIN  Natural - anything that comes from nature. Ex. Plants (Marijuana) and Animals (Snake venom - snakebites)  Synthetic - anything that is produced artificially or processed in the laboratory. Ex. Shabu
    • 1.1. INHALANTSINHALANTS 2.2. NARCOTICSNARCOTICS 3.3. STIMULANTSSTIMULANTS 4.4. DEPRESSANTSDEPRESSANTS 5.5. HALLUCINOGENSHALLUCINOGENS
    •  Volatile chemical substances that contain psycho-active (mind/mood altering) vapors to produce a state of intoxication. Ex: Glue and Adhesive Cement / Rugby / Super Glue / Thinner
    •  Sudden death, presumably from cardiac arrest.  Suffocation & Asphyxia  Visual hallucinations and severe mood swings  Confusion/Disorientation  Distorted perception of time and distance  Slurred Speech  Nausea & Vomiting  Aggressive behavior/violence  Decrease of loss of sense of smell  Loss of memory  Hepatitis  Muscle cramps & weakness  Irregular heartbeat  Liver, lung, and kidney impairment  Nervous system damage  Dangerous chemical imbalances in the body  Involuntary passing of urine and feces
    •  The term narcotic, derived from the Greek word for stupor, originally referred to a variety of substances that induced sleep.  Also called OPIATES, which is medically used to relieve pain.  When abused it causes insensibility, stupor, and dullness of mind with delusions. (Ex: Cough syrups, Opium, Cocaine, Morphine, Heroine)
    •  Restlessness  Nausea & vomiting  For every large dosage; cannot be awakened;  Smaller Pupils  Cold, moist and bluish skin  Slowed down breathing  Death  Uneasiness  Diarrhea  Abdominal cramps  Chills  Sweating  Nausea  Runny nose and eyes
    •  (also known as “uppers”)  Any of a group of drugs that excite the central nervous system, in which increase alertness, alleviate fatigue, reduce hunger and provide a feeling of well being. (Ex. Cocaine / Amphetamine i.e. SHABU)
    •  Dilated pupils  Increase in blood pressure / Heart rate / Breathing rate / Body Temperature  Involuntary muscle twitching  A sense of well being  Feels energetic/alert  Less hunger  Slurred speech
    •  also called as “downers” or “barbs”  any drug or chemical that decreases the activity of any bodily function. The term most often is used to refer to drugs that reduce the activity of the central nervous system (Ex: Sedatives / Sleeping Pills / Tranquilizers)
    •  Small doses: calmness and relaxation  Large doses: slurred speech, staggering, poor judgment, slow body movements & uncertain reflexes.  Overdose: unconsciousness/DEATH  Psychosis  Restlessness  Irritability/anxiety  Sleeplessness  Stuffy or running nose  Ulcerated mucous membrane of nose  Lung damage  Confusion  Slurred speech
    •  (also called psychedelics)  First developed as appetite suppressant  any one of a large number of natural or synthetic psychoactive drugs that produce marked distortions of the senses and changes in perception. Drugs capable of provoking changes in sensation, thinking, self-awareness and emotion. Alteration of time and space perception and hallucination. (Ex: MJ / LSD / Ecstasy / Ketamine / Talampunay)
    •  Hallucinations/illusions  Faster heart beat and pulse rate  Bloodshot Eye/blurred vision/Rapid Eye Movement (REM)  Dry mouth and throat  Forgetfulness/inability to think  Altered sense of time/ disorientation  Impaired reflexes coordination and concentration  Acute panic anxiety reaction  Appetite loss & sleeping problems (MDMA)  “Food-trip” & sleepiness (MJ)  Psychiatric consequences  Severe irritation of the nasal passages that they may become prone to frequent nose bleed  Renal damage heart disease and strokes  Injecting MDMA from contaminated needles may lead to risk of infections resulting in inflammation of the blood vessels, infection of the heart valves, blood poisoning and AIDS all of which can lead to death.
    • NormalNormal BrainBrain AffectedAffected BrainBrain HUMAN BRAINHUMAN BRAIN THE EFFECT OF DRUGS TOTHE EFFECT OF DRUGS TOTHE EFFECT OF DRUGS TOTHE EFFECT OF DRUGS TO
    • Cross-Section of a Drug Affected Human BrainCross-Section of a Drug Affected Human Brain
    • How t o Spot a Drug Users
    • General SignsGeneral Signs  Wearing sunglasses at inappropriate times to hide dilated orWearing sunglasses at inappropriate times to hide dilated or constricted pupils, or bloodshot eyes.constricted pupils, or bloodshot eyes.  Found in old places like closets and storage.Found in old places like closets and storage.  Intoxication and drunkenness.Intoxication and drunkenness.  Aggressive behavior or drowsiness.Aggressive behavior or drowsiness.  Lack of concentration.Lack of concentration.  Scars on arms and body.Scars on arms and body.  Antisocial, very low morals.Antisocial, very low morals.  Nasal secretion and watering eyes.Nasal secretion and watering eyes.  Extreme cheerfulness and exhilaration.Extreme cheerfulness and exhilaration.  Extreme restlessness and irritability.Extreme restlessness and irritability.
    • Ecst asy Users
    • slides,slides,
    • Birth Defect calledBirth Defect called “Acro Syndactily Yours”“Acro Syndactily Yours”
    • Defect cause by smoking MarijuanaDefect cause by smoking Marijuana
    • Defect cause by smoking MarijuanaDefect cause by smoking Marijuana
    • Parents who are heavyParents who are heavy users of LSD andusers of LSD and Marijuana are likelyMarijuana are likely to produce childrento produce children with Hydrocephaluswith Hydrocephalus (Big, Watery Head)(Big, Watery Head)
    • WHICH ONEWHICH ONE
    • Family ProblemsFamily Problems
    • Lack of Parental GuidanceLack of Parental Guidance
    • Peer Pressure/CuriosityPeer Pressure/Curiosity
    • Boredom, FrustrationBoredom, Frustration
    • Weak Personality, DesireWeak Personality, Desire to Escape From Realityto Escape From Reality
    • Before After
    • Change from normalChange from normal capabilities (work habits,capabilities (work habits, efficiency, etc.)efficiency, etc.) Change in attendance atChange in attendance at work or schoolwork or school
    • Stealing items which can be readily sold for cashStealing items which can be readily sold for cash (to support a drug habit)(to support a drug habit)
    • Association with known drug abusersAssociation with known drug abusers
    • Before After
    • Changes in Mood – depending on the drug taken.Changes in Mood – depending on the drug taken. Example: depressed or becoming elated and euphoric.Example: depressed or becoming elated and euphoric.
    • Before After
    • Injection Marks of anInjection Marks of an AddictAddict Unusual effort made to cover armsUnusual effort made to cover arms in order to hide needle marksin order to hide needle marks
    • Wearing sunglasses constantly at inappropriateWearing sunglasses constantly at inappropriate times (for instance, indoors or at night) or onlytimes (for instance, indoors or at night) or only to hide dilated or constricted pupils but also toto hide dilated or constricted pupils but also to compensate for the eyes’ inability to adjust tocompensate for the eyes’ inability to adjust to sunlight. Marijuana causes bloodshot eyes.sunlight. Marijuana causes bloodshot eyes.
    • Poor physical appearance, includingPoor physical appearance, including inattention to dress and personal hygieneinattention to dress and personal hygiene