Simplified TRIZ                    Ellen Domb & Kalevi Rantanen                            St Lucie PressVishwanath Ramdas
Background - points      • Complement tool to many other methods             – Theory of Constraints (TOC), Six Sigma, Qua...
Why do good ideas take time to                                         fruition?      • Xerox – lithography           • Is...
How to know? – 3 features?      • Resolves a contradiction [ 2 – dim TOC ]             – Tradeoffs / Inherent      • Reach...
TRIZ APPROACHVishwanath Ramdas
OLD AND THE NEWVishwanath Ramdas
COMBINING BOTH.Vishwanath Ramdas
TRIZ in 1 word = Contradiction                        TRIZ MODEL
Motive force for evolution, trade-offs and inherent   contradictions and constraints that stop evolution   and lead to ass...
Getting to the ideal final result –                                                 completing the model      • Features  ...
Some training standards      • Maintain the good / best practices             – Some elements like 40 principles that refl...
Trade-Offs [Multi]Inherent Contradictions [         single]          Understanding Contradictions
In the 1950s, Altshuller wrote that  finding and resolving  contradictions is essential in  problem solvingthe same contrad...
Draft the problem to expose the                                                       tradeoffs.      • Problems are siren...
How to display trade offsVishwanath Ramdas
Some e.g.s      • Lawnmower Muffler Noise                                       • Carrot garden thinning to             – ...
Screens of talented thinking [9                                                    screens]      • System @ Present      •...
System operator Concept      • Space & time thinking      • Systemic thinking      • Getting over psychological        int...
System operator –between the boxes                                                    SLP      • Step in & view from each ...
System operator- additional dimension      • Multiple layers of system        operator plots             – Robert Dilts   ...
System operator- integrations      • Using System operator with        other models like             –      SWOT          ...
“Start with the universe, any sub- categorization under that level is purely arbitrary”                       Buckminster ...
Selecting the right trade-off      • Iterative Definition of the problem based on state of        solution      • Availabl...
Selecting the tradeoff - summaryVishwanath Ramdas
crazier the conflict you imagine,  the better solution you get.
Inherent contradiction – The root                                              cause?      • Solution of this solves many ...
“Most important, we think the excellent companies, if they know any one thing, know how to manage paradox.”   Peters and W...
“Drama is conflict; without conflict there is no action, without action, no character, without character, no story, without ...
Intensify the inherent                                      contradiction!      • Bizarre but true      • Push the contrad...
How to intensify contradictionVishwanath Ramdas
Mapping of invisible reservesAndersen’s fairytale :little child saw that the emperor had                                  ...
Idle resource :: Free or cheap  resources that are available in the  system.
• What are the invisible resources?             – Boundary conditions [ proximal / gray zones] of development      • Benef...
Invisible Reserves      • Areas for proximal        development             – Available resource not used             – Av...
Resource Analysis - Benefits      • Getting new ideas directly   • What are the resources                                 ...
Resource Types & Classes      • System levels [ref fig]      • Type of Resource             – Substances and things | Modi...
Main Resource Types      • Resources of tool & Object             – Starting point | How – Interaction               needs...
References      •      TechOptimizer             –      The Invention Machine Company, http://www.invention-machine.com.  ...
References      • Foster, R.N., Innovation: The Attacker’s Advantage, Summit Books, New        York, 1986.      • McGregor...
References      • Peters, T.J. and Waterman, R.H., In Search of Excellence        Harper & Row, New York, 1982, 91.      •...
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simplified triz notes

  1. 1. Simplified TRIZ Ellen Domb & Kalevi Rantanen St Lucie PressVishwanath Ramdas
  2. 2. Background - points • Complement tool to many other methods – Theory of Constraints (TOC), Six Sigma, Quality Function Deployment, Taguchi method, DFM-A • Biography of Altshuller / TRIZ – Resident of Baku | tormented by Stalin until 1954 | • Basic Principles – Ideality | Contradiction | Resources | Patterns of Evolution|Innovative Principles – Motivation | Orientation | Internalization | Application | Evaluation | Implementation [Learning cycle] • How does this compare with the Kaplan learning model?Vishwanath Ramdas
  3. 3. Why do good ideas take time to fruition? • Xerox – lithography • Is it sales? – May be no – Richard Foster’s book Innovation • Penicillin – Alex Fleming • National Cash Register continued to • Molok – dust bins advertise electromechanical cash registers in the 1970s • Mcdonalds – Ray kroc • Is it Prejudice? • Horizontal Petro Drilling – We don’t know whats good or Bad? • T – Drill [without T joint] • Appa – jute wire for opening furnace ladles • Flash smelting • Linz donovitz process ….Vishwanath Ramdas
  4. 4. How to know? – 3 features? • Resolves a contradiction [ 2 – dim TOC ] – Tradeoffs / Inherent • Reaches Ideality – All features / No costs * No harmful effects * less complexity • Uses idle resources [no waste – Lean] – Energy / Materials / Information / objects • 2 Views – Mcgregor :: Cristopher Freeman :: Engestrom :: De Bono – Theory Y :: Demand Pull :: Humanized :: Lateral – Theory X :: Science Push :: Rationlized :: StraightVishwanath Ramdas
  5. 5. TRIZ APPROACHVishwanath Ramdas
  6. 6. OLD AND THE NEWVishwanath Ramdas
  7. 7. COMBINING BOTH.Vishwanath Ramdas
  8. 8. TRIZ in 1 word = Contradiction TRIZ MODEL
  9. 9. Motive force for evolution, trade-offs and inherent contradictions and constraints that stop evolution and lead to assumptions and aceptance. == Are Effects / available reserves and properties psychological inertia. that enable the outcomes on the object. Often invisible in the beginning as users are not accustomed to looking at themVishwanath Ramdas
  10. 10. Getting to the ideal final result – completing the model • Features • ARIZ – Whole gamut of components and – Method guide for solving TRIZ functionality • Standards [76 standards] • Patterns – List of system transformations – Soft formulae [ not rigid algorithms!] • Effects • Laws / Innovative Principles – Database of phenomena – Electro, mechanical, chemical, physical • Software – Automated above!Vishwanath Ramdas
  11. 11. Some training standards • Maintain the good / best practices – Some elements like 40 principles that reflects evolution of thinking for innovation should be maintained • General Concepts >> short procedures – Less than 1 page the better [ capability vs usability] • Social network – provide overall concepts – People will internailze and adapt [ don’t regidify!] – Peter Senge and Engestorm. “Leave the beaten track occasionally and dive into the woods. You will be certain to find something that you have never seen before.” Alexander Graham Bell in the foyer of Bell Labs as observed by ShockleyVishwanath Ramdas
  12. 12. Trade-Offs [Multi]Inherent Contradictions [ single] Understanding Contradictions
  13. 13. In the 1950s, Altshuller wrote that finding and resolving contradictions is essential in problem solvingthe same contradictions have been discovered in science,engineering, and business situations that, on the surface, appear to be very different from each other
  14. 14. Draft the problem to expose the tradeoffs. • Problems are sirens OR scylla & Charybdis – Homers illyiad • Understand the problem – 50% solution! – Problem Finding * Problem Solving – The tool – Action / Effect – Object – Defining what is the end outcome / effect on the object / user • A system by its existence creates trade-offs – Its continuous iterative method [TOC] • Define systems not by deficiencies but by trade-offs – Safety reduces X | Safety reduces as speed increases • Describe the systems as Actions & Features – Typically it is easier to describe features [nouns] than actions [verbs] • Trade-offs happen at different system levels – Needs systems thinking e.g. Lawnmover – muffler noise – Study at muffler system | lawnmover system | Garden systemVishwanath Ramdas
  15. 15. How to display trade offsVishwanath Ramdas
  16. 16. Some e.g.s • Lawnmower Muffler Noise • Carrot garden thinning to – Muffler Level ensure no overlap and • Increase muffler thickness / softness – Lawnmower level therefore nutrition supply • Use exhaust differently – Time split – Garden level – Thinning • Use grass to muffle exhaust noise • Right distance between carrots – Also dries grass to reduce stickiness saplings • Why cut grass at all? • Use mechanization in seeding – Growth control – Seeding • Why have grass at all? • Use bio degradable tapes with – Artificial grass standard distances – Grass like lawn effect?Vishwanath Ramdas
  17. 17. Screens of talented thinking [9 screens] • System @ Present • enhance understanding of a problem – expand the areas in which you can look for solutions. • Simplify by asking what is good or bad in a part [de bono forced removal] – what happens if left out? – Alex Osborn • “What can we eliminate?… Suppose we leave this out.…Why not fewer parts?”Vishwanath Ramdas
  18. 18. System operator Concept • Space & time thinking • Systemic thinking • Getting over psychological intertia • Zoom in & out for more frames.Vishwanath Ramdas Darell Manns description of the system operator model from triz journal.
  19. 19. System operator –between the boxes SLP • Step in & view from each room • Small little people – get into the problem • Become the problem [synectics] • E.g.s – Helicopter blades & dust – Airports & People [beyond airport] – Future modelingVishwanath Ramdas Darell Manns description of the system operator model from triz journal.
  20. 20. System operator- additional dimension • Multiple layers of system operator plots – Robert Dilts • One direct application – Map vs territory – Reality vs Perception • Management problems esp. • E.g. – Marks & Spencers products – HR problemsVishwanath Ramdas Darell Manns description of the system operator model from triz journal.
  21. 21. System operator- integrations • Using System operator with other models like – SWOT – Co-optition [M] – Association / Dissociation – VAKOG • Kinesthetics / Olfactory / Gustative / Visual / Auditory /Vishwanath Ramdas Darell Manns description of the system operator model from triz journal.
  22. 22. “Start with the universe, any sub- categorization under that level is purely arbitrary” Buckminster Fuller
  23. 23. Selecting the right trade-off • Iterative Definition of the problem based on state of solution • Available resources & time • Select Effected Components • From the problem to the tradeoff – Describe pairs of tools and objects and the action that links them. [Chain] • Select one pair. Explain why you picked this tool and object. – Describe features and conflicts between them. • Select one tradeoff. – Explain why you identified this tradeoff. – Describe the tradeoff graphically and in words.Vishwanath Ramdas
  24. 24. Selecting the tradeoff - summaryVishwanath Ramdas
  25. 25. crazier the conflict you imagine, the better solution you get.
  26. 26. Inherent contradiction – The root cause? • Solution of this solves many • Much ↔ little : water – Atomized water spray • Focus on one provides – Extinguishers [www.hi-fog.com] better answers • Long ↔ short : training • Presenting & influencing with one is better than • Present ↔ Absent : Object cluttered many.Vishwanath Ramdas
  27. 27. “Most important, we think the excellent companies, if they know any one thing, know how to manage paradox.” Peters and Waterman bestseller “In Search of Excellence” : 1982 - Chapter 4
  28. 28. “Drama is conflict; without conflict there is no action, without action, no character, without character, no story, without story, no screenplay” Syd Field : The Screen- writer’s Workbook
  29. 29. Intensify the inherent contradiction! • Bizarre but true • Push the contradiction to the extreme!Vishwanath Ramdas
  30. 30. How to intensify contradictionVishwanath Ramdas
  31. 31. Mapping of invisible reservesAndersen’s fairytale :little child saw that the emperor had no clothes. The ancient Mayans used wheels for toys and obviouslyknew how to make wheeled vehicles, but they never built them for any other uses.
  32. 32. Idle resource :: Free or cheap resources that are available in the system.
  33. 33. • What are the invisible resources? – Boundary conditions [ proximal / gray zones] of development • Benefits from resources analysis – Understand customer needs – Foresee the evolution of development • What are the resource types and classes? • The seven most important resources in detailVishwanath Ramdas
  34. 34. Invisible Reserves • Areas for proximal development – Available resource not used – Available resources that can be harnessedVishwanath Ramdas
  35. 35. Resource Analysis - Benefits • Getting new ideas directly • What are the resources – MECE • Solving contradictions – Space | Area | Consumer • Predicting the system • Character of resource evolution – Empty Space | Topology | Time & skills of usersVishwanath Ramdas
  36. 36. Resource Types & Classes • System levels [ref fig] • Type of Resource – Substances and things | Modified substances and things| Voids | Interactions | energy | Form | Features or properties | Space | Time • Additional resources – Information | Harm – Side FX| skills & abilitiesVishwanath Ramdas
  37. 37. Main Resource Types • Resources of tool & Object – Starting point | How – Interaction needs to be understood • Resources : Environment – Natural Fields & Effects – Emptiness & nothing are also resources – NVA = Wasteful work • Resources : Macro levelVishwanath Ramdas
  38. 38. References • TechOptimizer – The Invention Machine Company, http://www.invention-machine.com. • Ideation Workbench, Ideation International Incorporated, – http://www.ide-ationtriz.com. • TRIZ Explorer , Insytec – http://www.insytec.com. • The TRIZ Journal – http://www.triz-journal.com. • CreaTRIZ & CREAX, – http://www.creax.com. • Engeström Y., Learning by Expanding Orienta-Konsultit, Helsinki, 1987. • Shockley W. The Path to the Conception of the Junction Transistor. – IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. ED-23, no. 7, July 1976, 59Vishwanath Ramdas
  39. 39. References • Foster, R.N., Innovation: The Attacker’s Advantage, Summit Books, New York, 1986. • McGregor, D., The Human Side of Enterprise, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960. • Freeman, C., The Determinants of innovation, Futures, , June 1979, 206. • 4 articles by Darrell Mann The TRIZ Journal on 9 screens methods – http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/2001/09/c/index.htm – http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/2001/11/b/index.htm – http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/2001/12/b/index.htm – http://www.triz-journal.com/archives/2001/11/b/index.htm • http://www.google.com/patents?id=KBIBAAAAEBAJ&dq=5,875,658 – Latches & Pins patent from google search.Vishwanath Ramdas
  40. 40. References • Peters, T.J. and Waterman, R.H., In Search of Excellence Harper & Row, New York, 1982, 91. • Field, S., The Screen-Writer´s Workbook Dell, New York, 1984, 31. • Altshuller, G.S., And Suddenly the Inventor Appeared Technical Innovation • Center, Worcester, MA, 1996, 21. • Savransky, S.D., Engineering of Creativity, CRC, Boca Raton, 2000, 235. • Altshuller, G.S. and Shapiro R.B., Psychology of inventive creativity, Izobretenie, II , 23, 2000Vishwanath Ramdas
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