Women Empowerment
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Women Empowerment



Women Empowerment

Women Empowerment



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Women Empowerment Presentation Transcript

  • 2. Outlines
    • What is women empowerment?
    • Why it should be?
    • History
    • What are the main problems?
    • How to achieve it?
    • Efforts made to achieve it.
    • Achievements
  • 3. What is women's empowerment?
    • To give certain rights or authority.
    • To invest with power, especially legal power or official authority.
    • To equip or supply with an ability to women .
  • 4. Why it should be?
    • Reflecting into the “Vedas purana” of Indian culture, woman is being worshiped such as LAXMI MAA, goddess of wealth; SARASWATI MAA, for wisdom; DURGA MAA, for power.
    • The status of women in India, particularly in rural areas needs to address the issue of empowering women.
    • Leaving a meager number of urban and suburban women, the Indian women are still crying for simple justice. Which is not even allowed to have been accessed to them
    • Ironically, women have not actively participated in their own emancipation mainly due to low economic independence.
    • With their age, they have been raped, kicked, killed, subdued & humiliated almost daily.
  • 5. Contd……
    • About 66% of the female population in rural area is unutilized. This is mainly due to existing social customs.
    • In agriculture & animal care the women contribute 90% of the total work force.
    • Women constitute almost half of the population, perform nearly 2/3 rd of its work hours, receive 1/10 th of the world’s income & own less than 1/100 th of the world property.
    • Among the world’s 900 million illiterate people, women out number men two to one.
    • 70% of people living in poverty are women.
    • Lower sex ratio i.e. 933.
  • 6. Contd….
    • The male child perceived as an asset for the landless rural labourer, a dowry earner for a greedy middle class family and a simple matter of pride for the mother.
    • The existing studies show that the women are relatively less healthy than men even though, they belong to same class.
    • They constitute less than 1/7 th of the administrators & managers in developing countries.
    • Only 10% seats in world’s parliament & 6% in national cabinets are held by them.
  • 7. HISTORY
    • It dates back to the 1970s and the beginnings of the international women's movement.
    • Many women's organizations worldwide set up credit and savings components as a way of both enabling women to increase their incomes and come together to address wider gender issues.
    • Not only 'reaching women' but 'empowering' them is the second official goal of the Micro credit summit programme.
  • 8. Contd…..
    • Women's empowerment is not a Northern concept. Women all over the world, including countries in the South, have been challenging and changing gender inequalities since the beginnings of history.
    • These struggles have also been supported by many men who have been outraged at injustices against women.
  • 9. What are the main problems?
    • Lack of education,
    • Financial constraint,
    • Family responsibility,
    • Low mobility,
    • Low ability to bear risk,
    • Low need for achievement,
    • Absence of ambition for the achievement,
    • Social status.
  • 10. How to achieve it?
    • One of the strategies is “EDUCATION” that builds a positive self-image and boosts self-confidence among them & develops their ability to think critically.
    • Promoting self-employment, through credit & training.
    • Providing lean season wage employment.
    • Addressing minimum needs such as nutrition, health, sanitation, housing & education.
    • Direct involvement of women who are likely to be affected by development programme.
    • Providing saving habit among them.
  • 11. Efforts
    • Sarva shiksha abhiyan: the flagship programme of elementary education has special focus on girl child.
    • Jawahar Navodays Vidyalayas
    • Pratibha Vikas Vidyalayas
    • In every district of the country with fair representation for girl child would contribute enormously in national level development through women empowerment.
  • 12. Contd…
    • Kasturba Gandhi Swatantrata Vidyalaya: residential school for girls.
    • National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (NREGP)
    • Development of women and child in rural areas (DWCRA): Implemented during 1982.
    • Support to training & employment for women (STEP): 1987
  • 13. Contd….
    • Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK):1992-93
    • Mahila Samridhi Yojna (MSY): Oct. 1993
    • Indira mahila Yojana (IMY): 1995
    • Women Entrepreneur Development Programme:
    • Given top priority in 1997-98.
    • Mahila samakhya: being implemented in about 9000 villages.
  • 14. Achievement
    • .
    • Women have more opportunities for education and stronger legal rights in many countries, they are taking leadership roles in local communities, and stand at the forefront of the peace movement
    • Perhaps the greatest change will come when women and men agree to work together for gender equality.
    • International Women's Rights Agreements --Women's rights are well-established by international agreements, notably the international Convention on Eradication of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) , which explicitly include women within the definition of 'human' and hence in all International Human Rights Conventions.
  • 15. Contd…..
    • Trade Related Entrepreneurs Development for Women (TREAD): had revenue capital 0.11 crores in state budget 2006-07.
    • Subsidy for units providing employment for women: 5% on total investment is available to the SSI units providing employment for women at least to the extent of 30% of the total strength.
    • Formation of women self help group:
    • Total women SHG formed as on
    • 31/07/2007 15847
    • Total SHG members 250319
  • 16. Contd…
    • Since 1950-51 the total enrolment at the primary, upper primary, secondary and senior secondary stages increases by 6,14,and 20 times respectively, among them the girl’s enroll. increased by 9, 37 & 60 times resp. during the same period.
    • The scheme of granting capital subsidy for small scale industries has been revived and & Rs.20 crores have been provided for 2007-08 for providing capital subsidy to women entrepreneur.
    • The rate of literacy has gone up from 39.29% in 1991 to 54.16% in 2001.
  • 17. Conclusion
    • “ When women move forward the family moves, the village moves and the nation moves”.
    • It is essential as their thought & their value systems lead the development of a good family, good society & ultimately a good nation”.
  • 18. Thank You