INTRODUCTIONParticipatory Training The participatory training is an educational process which encourages participants to see themselves as a source of information and knowledge about the real world. Training controlled by participants. Trainer is only the Facilitator.
Role play Role play is training method in which the participants take different parts as if they were in a play. The trainer provides an outline of a situation which they must act out. Other participants observe the role play. When the role play is over the trainer facilitates a discussion with all of the participants.
Example of role play Participant- A to be a extension worker and to provide farm planning information to participant B. Participant B to be a farmer who want information on farm planning. Participant A should guide Participant B in farm planning
Advantages of role play It is energizing. It helps the suppressed and illiterate to express their feelings. It is simple and low cost learning tool. It focuses on problems which are real. It presents complex issues simply and in a short while. It does not need materials/ props or advance.
Disadvantages of role play There is a possibility of the role play becoming entertainment which vitiate learning. Participants can get too involved in their roles and later loose objectivity during analysis. Acting can become an end in itself and participants can overact or distort the roles. If points for observations are not clear, it may dilute the focus of learning.
Brainstorming Brainstorming is a method of training which attempts at eliciting the creative response from the participants.Components of brainstorming The theme The trainer The recorder The participants
History It started when US space scientists were working on designing of space suits for astronauts. They invited research scholars of other areas of specialization to express their ideas A biologist’s idea was appropriate in designing the suit This free expression of ideas has been practice under the brand name of brain storming
Sessions of brainstorming1. Green session2. Red sessionGREEN SESSION Participants will be allowed to express their ideas. Creation of atmosphere for creative idea development in participants. Because ideas may not get expressed if there is inhibition.
Red session The ideas will be screened. The less important ideas will be removed Finally selection of highly creative, useful and significant ones
Setting up a Brainstorming SessionGREEN SESSION1. Invite a diversity of individuals2. Present a brief explanation of the problem and its history.3. Write the objective of the session, in question form, where everyone in the room can see it.4. Dismiss the session for about 40 minutes and allow individuals to think about the problem on their own
RED SESSION1. Appoint a facilitator who records ideas and keeps the session moving in a positive direction.2. Select ideas randomly and read it to the group.3. Arrange the similar ideas together. Select the five best ideas.
Advantages of brainstorming Creation of atmosphere for free generation of ideas Free mind facilitates the creative thinking Helpful when ready made solutions are not available for a practical problem Dependence on gadgets is less
Disadvantages of brainstorming Participants do not expose to any sort of presentation on topic Matured participants who can think on their own is necessary Initially it is very difficult to make participants free to come out with ideas
PRACTICALMETHDOLOGY1. Objective of brainstorming session“Strategies to mitigate corruption in India”2. Recording of ideas3. Reading ideas to the group4. Selection of most appropriate ideas