Presentation by Gopala Y.M Ph.D ScholarDept. of Agril. Extn UAS, Bangalore
Introduction The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) had added a new dimension to agricultural research in India by launching in 1979 the National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) with World Bank assistance. The main objective was to strengthen the research capabilities of the State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) National Agricultural Research Project PHASE-I (1979-85) National Agricultural Research Project -PHASE-II (1986-1993
Objectives of NARP-I 1. To strengthen the research capabilities of the State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) 2. To conduct location-specific research in the main agro-ecological zones in India initiated under the first National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) . 3. further extend its scope to include the priority research needs of these zones under rainfed, and irrigated farming conditions 4. The analyze of agro-ecological conditions and develops balanced and coherent research programs
Objectives of NARP phase-II 1. Completion of research subprojects of Phase-1; 2. New areas of research such as irrigated farming, animal-drawn farm implements, horticulture and commercial field crops, agro forestry, and animal nutrition, 3. Development of programs for field testing and refining research results, and
Conti.. 4. strengthening of training facilities at Regional Research Stations. 5. Individual research activities on priority topics emerging or identified during project implementation and not covered. 6. Strengthening of research administration in two SAUs; 7. Continued funding of ICARs (Indian Council for Agricultural Research) Project Unit established under NARP I, including the provision of training for research scientists.
The SAUs as logical base for NARP During the period of 12 years of NARP project ICAR attached 120 ZARS to SAU’s ZARS have become integral part of SAU’s
Approaches in NARP Concept Under the National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) the country was divided into 126 agro-climatic zones for 17 states and 6 union territories of north eastern hill regions. The concept of zoning was mainly based on ecological land classification, recognizing various components like soils, climate, topography, vegetation etc. as major influencing factors. The zones were selected as contiguous areas within the state boundary and to the possible extent zones have homogenous physical characteristics such as topography, rainfall, soils etc.
Conti… Each agro-climatic zone was upgraded with a Zonal Research Station (ZRS) for conducting research and generating technologies for that zone. The emphasis was on analysis of agro-ecological conditions and develops balanced and coherent research programs directed squarely to the major problems limiting the agricultural growth in the zone..
Corrdination and implementation of NARP NARP is coordinated by ICAR and implemented by SAU The ICAR had established project directorate at headquarter to appraise, monitor and coordinate NARP. Multidisciplinary research review teams were constituted jointly by ICAR and SAU for delineating agroclimatic zones and for suggesting specific research activities to be undertaken in each zone.
Policy, support and strategy of the programme The GOI has explicit policy and programme on agro ecological zoning, assessment of sustenance and production capacity of each zone. Bottom up planning of the programme Multidisciplinary teams rather than commodity specific groups were constitute for review, monitoring and project formulation
Conti… Research and extension through farming system and farmer participation research increasing recognized under NARP Adoptive trials involving researcher, extension agent and farmers and strengthening of these links
Project funding committee The project funding committee chaired by Director General (DG) of ICAR with member of planning commission, ministry of finance and 3 vice chancellors of SAU’s Project funding committee is the final authority in sanctioning the NARP subprojects
Funds for NARPPHASE-I (1979-85) The funds for NARP provided fully to SAU’s of NARP, 50% of the total project cost (US$54 million) was met through a soft loan arrangement from world bank and the remaining 50% was borne by GOI. With an understanding that after the expiry of the project (5 years) state government would bear the cost. It was also agreed that no agency other than the SAU’s would handle the project.
PHASE-II (1986-1993 The budget allocation of US$ 110 million 65% was made through world bank soft loan arrangement With an expand mandate to cover horticulture, agro forestry, animal drawn farm implements, animal nutrition and farming systems
Conclusion The NARP approach for location specific research and technology generation has been quite successful in generating, identifying and disseminating location specific technologies in several of the agro ecological zones