From the beginning, in the swamps of the lake texcoco, the Aztec city state of Tenochtitlan was an island, grew in size and strength.
The Aztecs used warfare and alliances to increase their power within the Valley of Mexico and obtain building materials, tools, and prisoners to use for human sacrifices.
In 1446 in Tenochtitlan has expansion of the Aztec empire, so Montezuma ordered a great embankment to be built to protect the city. Then, several years of bad harvests caused thousands of people to die of starvation.
Two years later, the Aztecs formed an alliance with two neighboring cities, Texcoco and Tlacopan. This "Triple Alliance" continued to conquer other lands, and by the 16th century they controlled an empire of four million people.
When the Spanish come from Mexico, have much population in tenochtitlanta. Tenochtitla dazzled the conquistadors. It was more beautiful than anything they had ever seen on earth.
Montezuma is a emperor of the Aztecs, lived a life of pure luxury in a palace with beautifully decorated rooms. At meals , no ordinary people were allowed to look at him.