International and national imperative to include educationaltechnologies…into teacher training and professional development.(NEMATAHENI UHONE GOODNESS20113070)
1. Knowledge society agenda.has the capabilities to identify process,transform and use information to build and applyknowledge for the development of human.knowledge is the primary invention resource.creates and utilizes knowledge for the successfulsocial status and welfare of its people.acquire competitive advantage, internationally,through using information technology.
Principle for equitable knowledge society freedom of expression,access to quality education for all children,respect for cultural andlinguistic diversity and widespread access toinformation knowledge.
Education in and for the knowledge societies.depend on the influence of the modern information andcommunication technologies.The modern ICT….. have crucial impact on education and it is relevant tonational development. have the possibilities to broaden access to education at allstage.
to empower teacher and learners through access toinformation and new learning methods.The pervasiveness of technology.Technology: is the application of scientific knowledge forpractical purpose.
ICTICT – Information and Communication Technology,which means computers, mobile phones, digitalcameras, satellite navigations systems, electronicinstruments and data recorders, radio, television,computer networks, satellite systems.ICT-includes both the hardware (the equipment) andthe software (the computer programs in the equipment).
Continua……Technologyhas massive implicationto educators and educators need to understandthat technology can massive increase their abilityand the how they teach in their classroom setting.influence the value of a society.
Successfulness of the pervasiveness oftechnology Teachers should ensures that projects and web sites are accessible to thosewith visual or other disabilities, for technology to work towards social justiceand be available to all children. Both schools and higher level of public education system have made efforts tomake use of technology to become more flexible in meeting student demandsor needs.
Education for allEducation: is a basic or fundamental rights and it should be free of charge andcompulsory primary education for all children.Education fro all: aims to meet the learning needs of all children including youth and adults. means that all children, especially girls and children who were previouslydisadvantaged and those belongings to ethnic minorities; they must haveaccess to and complete free and compulsory education of high quality.
Education:should be available,accessible to andinclusive to all children.should be child centered,
continuation… applicable and include a broad curriculum and be appropriately resourced and monitored. offered in a way that is consistent with human rights, equal respect for culture, religion and language and be free from all sort of violence.
Threat for education for allReduction in fees had been a successful strategyin increasing numbers of children who attendschool.
Lack of resources is also the main threat toeducation for all. Very low salary and wages to teachers and lack of materialsalso limit the progress of education and itsquality.
Present and future national strategic objectives. Improving the quality of education, Training and innovation.In future the education system: is expecting to increase in high quality early childhood education and they also intend to improve the quality school education, with globally competitiveliteracy and numeracy standards. getting all children to complete further and higher education and training thatenables them to fulfil their full potentials.
Improvement in the quality of educationrequires: support from all interested parties and time. Overlooking of layers of bureaucracy would make more resources available to support schoolsand teachers. excellent management.
continuation… also intend to give better support to schools and to deliver the basic necessities for a good education. developed strategic campaign to improve theinfrastructure in the poor schools.
Improve the competence and capacity of schools and theirleader. develop a program to measure the competency of principals, which will assist in identifyingweak performance, based on learners achievement and offer supports to principals and theteachers. Productive classroom. develop a strategy that will change the way teaching and learning occurs in manyschools and classrooms.
continuation... The strategy intend to make sure that teacher are in class ontime, teaching and making use of textbooks.Competence, professionalism and status of teachers.
continuation...The government had developed a strategy to: raise the status of teachers in the society by promoting and offering betterin-service training and improvements in the condition of service teacher. had developed and adopted a skill development plan, to enhance thecompetence of the personnel. improve the teacher capacity and practice and increase access to qualitylearning materials to all learners.
con… had also developed new policies with regard tothe training of the teachers that will be over anddone with e-education,and this will help in the development of relevanttraining programs by different institution toimprove teacher capacity and practice.
had introduce workbooks of high quality in all publicschools for all. also developed education strategy that involve:web based access to education information from desktopcomputers andinternet to improve teaching and learning.
In future the education system intend to sponsor teacherswith laptops and they expect great improvement in the levelof computer literacy among the teachers.
Government promise to promote use of ICT ineducation through: equipping schools with up to date computers. loans to teachers to acquire personal computers. Adequate equipment and programmes for tutors.
General objectives to e-Education Improving students’ access to computers and make provision of computers in the classroom; Improving connectivity so that all schools have access to the Internet; Improving teaching skills and confidence through basic ICT skills training andICT academic training; reforming the curriculum to introduce ICT into lower secondary education andpromoting a strategic, innovative approach to information communicationtechnology development at school leader level.
strategies to reach the objectives: involve training teachers in the use of information communication technology, using the cascade method in teacher trainingwhich has the advantage that large numbers of teachers canbe trained in a relatively short time period and also to encourageteachers and pupils to develop pedagogical content.
Broad aims of the various national andinternational initiatives regarding continuousprofessional development of teachers withregard to teacher competency standardsrelating to ICTs and professional aptitude.
Teacher: supply learners with different range of skills that they willrequire to take part in the world, this is in line with thedevelopment of more competence-centred approaches toteaching. offer support and the success of the learners and they buildthe entire school aptitude to improve. have greater responsibility for the content to be taught tolearners and observing the process of teaching and learningincluding their own subjective professional development.
To achieve the goal of quality education for all it is essential to have bothquality primary teacher education and a rational development of continuousprofessional development of teacher to keep the advanced with the skills in aknowledge society. Continuous Professional development......... Teacher have the responsibility to extend the boundaries of theirprofessional knowledge through reflective practice, research and engagementin continuous professional development. Professional development of teacher reduces alienation that can be caused bybureaucracy. The school environment encourage the professional developmentof teachers and also improve their educational practice.
Education view information technology as a resource for identifyingschooling and as an instrument for the development of the entire school.SO... All teachers require the knowledge, skills and values and support toassimilate information communication technology into teaching andlearning. And they should have deepen understanding and application of theopportunities of the use of information communication technology forteaching and learning.
They should also be able to excellent choose, use and support variety of information communication technology resources thatare relevant to the task or context, and should also be willing to update skills and knowledge to allow for newdevelopment,to enhance personal and professional effectiveness.
Teachers also need to understand the value of learning networks andcollaboration and they should have the quality to construct and contribute incommunication of practice. Teacher development should sustain a balance between developing effectiveteaching and learning strategies and improve the knowledge and skills ofteachers in the use of information communication technology.
White paper state that all South African children in the overall and further education andtraining will be ICT skillful of significant how to use ICTs assertively andinnovatively to help develop the skills and knowledge. characterize schools that had adopted the e-Education as schools that have: learners who use ICT to improve learning, have qualified and competent leader who use ICT for planning a management,
Cont.… competent teacher who use ICT to enhance teachingand learning and have access to ICT resource thatsupport the curriculum.
standards relating to ICTs andprofessional..Teacher: should have abundant knowledge of the curriculum standards for their subjectarea as well as knowledge of standards assessment strategies. Should know the basic hardware and software operation as well asproductivity application of software, web browser communication softwareand presentation software.
Should be able to use technology with the entireclass and ensure equitable access by all children. Should have technological skills and knowledge ofresource available from the internet necessary toacquire additional information. Self-assessment by all educators at the site forresponsive programmes.
The government intervention to professionaldevelopment of teacher with regard to ICT: Adequate investment in ICT infrastructure and Professional development at all levels.
ICT utilization for teacher research, planning, andprofessional development:Integration of ICTs in instruction ICT literacy for learners ICTs as a subject for learners ICTs for educational management.
Reference listVaikakul, S. 1976. Examining pervasive technology practices in schools.:Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyAnderson, Ronald E., Dexter, Sara L. 2000. School Technology Leadership: Incidence and Impact. I.T. inEducation, Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations, UC IrvineOECD (2005). Teachers Matter: Attracting, Developing and Retaining Effective Teachers. Paris: OECDOECD (2009). Creating Effective Teaching and Learning Environments: First Results from TALIS. Paris:OECDDesimone, L.M. (2009). Improving Impact Studies of Teachers’ Professional Development: TowardBetter Conceptualizations and Measures. Educational Researcher, 38(3), 181-199GescI. 2006. Multi-country workshop on Teacher Professional Development. HejaLodge, Windhoek, NamibiaMingat, A (2005), “Options for a cost-effective allocation of resources”, in Verspoor, A M.TheChallenge of Learning: Improving the Quality of Basic Education in Sub-Saharan Africa, AssociationEnd Notes for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA): Paris
Majumdar, S.(2005, ed.). Regional Guidelines on Teacher Development forPedagogy-Technology Integration. Bangkok: UNESCO-Asia and PacificRegional Bureau for Education.UNESCO (2002a). Information and Communication Technologies in TeacherEducation: A Planning Guide. Paris: UNESCO.UNESCO (2002b). Information and Communication Technology in Education: ACurriculum for Schools and Programme of Teacher Development. Paris:UNESCO.
ICT changes teaching and learning, buttechnology is not the main issue. Technology Isimportant, but good teachers and goodteaching, is more important.Thank you….