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  • There is an international and national imperative to include educational technologies into teacher training and professional development. Educational technology also known a learning technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving the quality of education. There are different national strategic imperatives that have been developed for the successful development, and accessible to all people.
  • Knowledge society agenda.Knowledge society is a society that has the capabilities to identify process, transform and use information to build and apply knowledge for the development of human. It is a society where knowledge is the primary invention resource. This society creates and utilizes knowledge for the successful social status and well-being of its people. These societies have similar interest and they seek to make effective utilization of their amalgamated knowledge about their area of interest.These information societies intend to acquire competitive advantage, internationally, through using information technology in a creative and useful way. The building of the equitable knowledge society rest on the four principles namely: freedom of expression, access to quality education for all children, respect for cultural and linguistic diversity and universal access to information knowledge.Education in and for the knowledge societies.Education in and for the knowledge society depend on the influence of the modern information and communication technologies. The modern information technologies and communication have essential impact on education and it is relevant to national development. Information communication technologies have the possibilities to broaden access to education at all stage, to empower teacher and learners through access to information and new learning methods.
  • The pervasiveness of technology.Technology is the application of scientific knowledge for practical purpose. The efficiency of technology benefits us in all kind of ways. The modern society life involves technology in such a way as they do not even notice and likely do not understand. Technology has massive implication to educators and educators need to understand that technology can enormous increase their ability and the how they teach in their classroom setting. Technology had impacted the society and its surrounding in many different ways. In many societies technology had helped develop more advanced economies. Different developments of technology influence the value of a society. For pervasiveness of technology can be more successful, if teachers ensures that projects and web sites are accessible to those with visual or other disabilities, for technology to work towards social justice and be available to all children. As students explore the internet, they learn context, the use of technology and contributes to justice thought the world. Both schools and higher level of public education system have made efforts to make use of technology to become more flexible in meeting student demands or needs.
  • Education for all Education for all, aims to encounter the learning needs of all children including youth and adults. Education is a basic or fundamental rights and it should be free of charge and compulsory primary education for all children. Education for all means that all children, especially girls and children who were previously disadvantaged and those belongings to ethnic minorities; they must have access to and complete free and compulsory education of high quality.Education should be available, accessible to and inclusive to all children. Education should be child centered, applicable and include a broad curriculum and be appropriately resourced and monitored. Education must be offered in a way that is consistent with human rights, equal respect for culture, religion and language and be free from all sort of violence.They are significant progress on getting children into school, but in a slow pace \\manner. Reduction in fees had been a successful strategy in increasing numbers of children who attend school. It is mainly the poor, rural children and those with disabilities that are left out from education. Failure to address these circumstances had holdback the progress of education. Lack of resources is also the main threat to education for all. Very low salary and wages to teachers and lack of materials also limit the progress of education and its quality. Food and education should come together because a hungry student cannot concentrate properly.
  • Present and future national strategic objectives.Improving the quality of education, Training and innovation.Quality of education for most of the black’s learner had remain in poor condition for several decades. Poor quality education denies access to employment to many learners. In future the education system is expecting to increase in high quality early childhood education and they also intend to improve the quality school education, with globally competitive literacy and numeracy standards. The department of education have the objective of the future for getting all children to complete further and higher education and training that enables them to fulfil their full potentials. Improvement in the quality of education requires excellent management, support from all interested parties and time. Omitting of layers of bureaucracy would make more resources available to support schools and teachers. The education system also intend to give better support to schools and to deliver the basic necessities for a good education. The department of education has come with strategic campaign to improve the infrastructure in the poor schools.Improve the competence and capacity of schools and their leader.The department of basic education has develop a program to measure the competency of principals. The program assist in identifying weak performance, based on learners achievement and offer supports to principals and the teachers.Productive classroomImproving of quality learning outcome is the national key challenge in many different schools. The department of education has attempted to develop a strategy that will change the way teaching and learning occurs in many schools and classrooms. The strategy intend to make sure that teacher are in class on time, teaching and making use of textbooks.Competence, professionalism and status of teachers.The government had developed a strategy to raise the status of teachers in the society by promoting and offering better in-service training and improvements in the condition of service teacher. The government had also to re-organize the environment and they had decide to divide the responsibility of education into two ministries, the department d basic education and the department of higher education and training.The department had developed and adopted a skill development plan, to enhance the competence of the personnel. The plan include training within the department. With regard to better quality teaching and learning, the department has develop national strategy to improve the teacher capacity and practice and increase access to quality learning materials to all learners. They have also developed new policies with regard to the training of the teachers that will be through e-education, and this will help in the development of relevant training programs by different institution to improve teacher capacity and practice.With regard to high-quality materials the department of education had introduce workbooks of high quality in all public schools for all earners. The workbook ensure that minimum standards with respect to learning and the subject context are communicated to teacher and learners. The department of education has also developed education strategy that involve web based access to education information from desktop computers and internet to improve teaching and learning. In future the education system intend to sponsor teachers with laptops and they expect great improvement in the level of computer literacy among the teachers.The education system has also develop a strategic objective to ensure a credible outcome-focused planning and accountability. They intend to strengthen school management and promote the functional schools and to strengthen the capacity of district offices.In general the department of education objectives are with regard to e-Education: Improving students’ access to computers and make provision of computers in the classroom; Improving connectivity so that all schools have access to the Internet; Improving teaching skills and confidence through basic ICT skills training and ICT academic training; reforming the curriculum to introduce ICT into lower secondary education and promoting a strategic, innovative approach to information communication technology development at school leader level. The strategies to reach their objectives involve training teachers in the use of information communication technology, moreover using the cascade method in teacher training which has the advantage that large numbers of teachers can be trained in a relatively short time period and also to encourage teachers and pupils to develop pedagogical content.
  • Teacher make great effort to supply learners with different range of skills that they will require to take part in the world, this is in line with the development of more competence-centred approaches to teaching. Teacher offer support and the success of the learners and they build the entire school aptitude to improve. Teachers are in charge of a classroom environment that consist of different learners from different background and have broad range of abilities. Educational and professional development of all teachers is seen as a lifelong mission. To achieve the goal of quality education for all it is essential to have both quality primary teacher education and a rational development of continuous professional development of teacher to keep the advanced with the skills in a knowledge society. Teacher have greater accountability for the content to be instructed to learners and monitoring the process of teaching and learning including their own subjective professional development.Teacher have the responsibility to extend the boundaries of their professional knowledge through reflective practice, research and engagement in continuous professional development. Professional development of teacher reduces alienation that can be caused by bureaucracy. The school environment encourage the professional development of teachers and also improve their educational practice.Information communication technology generate better access to learning opportunities, redress inequality, and improve the quality of learning and teaching. Education view information technology as a resource for identifying schooling and as an instrument for the development of the entire school. All teachers require the knowledge, skills and values and support to assimilate information communication technology into teaching and learning. In relations with the white paper on e-Education, a national programme for teacher professional development in information communication technology has been developed. Teacher should have the deepen understanding and application of the opportunities of the use of information communication technology for teaching and learning. They should also be able to excellent choose, use and support variety of information communication technology resources that are relevant to the task or context, to enhance personal and professional effectiveness. Teachers should also be willing to update skills and knowledge to allow for new development.Teachers also need to understand the value of learning networks and collaboration and they should have the quality to construct and contribute in communication of practice. Teacher development should sustain a balance between developing effective teaching and learning strategies and improve the knowledge and skills of teachers in the use of information communication technology.The goal of education should be the principal importance and should include the use of ICT to achieve learning outcomes. The programme provide teacher with situated contextualized learning experience that are relevant to the learning task. The white paper on e-Education was issued by the former department of education in 2004. The white paper state that all South African children in the overall and further education and training will be ICT skillful of significant how to use ICTs assertively and innovatively to help develop the skills and knowledge.The white paper characterize schools that had adopted the e-Education as schools that have learners who use ICT to improve learning, have qualified and competent leader who use ICT for planning a management, competent teacher who use ICT to enhance teaching and learning and have access to ICT resource that support the curriculum.Teacher should have abundant knowledge of the curriculum standards for their subject area as well as knowledge of standards assessment strategies. Teachers should know the basic hardware and software operation as well as productivity application of software, web browser communication software and presentation software. Teacher should be able to use technology with the entire class and ensure equitable access by all children. Teacher should have technological skills and knowledge of resource available from the internet necessary to acquire additional information.

Transcript

  • 1. International and national imperative to include educationaltechnologies…into teacher training and professional development.(NEMATAHENI UHONE GOODNESS20113070)
  • 2. 1. Knowledge society agenda.has the capabilities to identify process,transform and use information to build and applyknowledge for the development of human.knowledge is the primary invention resource.creates and utilizes knowledge for the successfulsocial status and welfare of its people.acquire competitive advantage, internationally,through using information technology.
  • 3. Principle for equitable knowledge society freedom of expression,access to quality education for all children,respect for cultural andlinguistic diversity and widespread access toinformation knowledge.
  • 4. Education in and for the knowledge societies.depend on the influence of the modern information andcommunication technologies.The modern ICT….. have crucial impact on education and it is relevant tonational development. have the possibilities to broaden access to education at allstage.
  • 5. to empower teacher and learners through access toinformation and new learning methods.The pervasiveness of technology.Technology: is the application of scientific knowledge forpractical purpose.
  • 6. ICTICT – Information and Communication Technology,which means computers, mobile phones, digitalcameras, satellite navigations systems, electronicinstruments and data recorders, radio, television,computer networks, satellite systems.ICT-includes both the hardware (the equipment) andthe software (the computer programs in the equipment).
  • 7. Continua……Technologyhas massive implicationto educators and educators need to understandthat technology can massive increase their abilityand the how they teach in their classroom setting.influence the value of a society.
  • 8. Successfulness of the pervasiveness oftechnology Teachers should ensures that projects and web sites are accessible to thosewith visual or other disabilities, for technology to work towards social justiceand be available to all children. Both schools and higher level of public education system have made efforts tomake use of technology to become more flexible in meeting student demandsor needs.
  • 9. Education for allEducation: is a basic or fundamental rights and it should be free of charge andcompulsory primary education for all children.Education fro all: aims to meet the learning needs of all children including youth and adults. means that all children, especially girls and children who were previouslydisadvantaged and those belongings to ethnic minorities; they must haveaccess to and complete free and compulsory education of high quality.
  • 10. Education:should be available,accessible to andinclusive to all children.should be child centered,
  • 11. continuation… applicable and include a broad curriculum and be appropriately resourced and monitored. offered in a way that is consistent with human rights, equal respect for culture, religion and language and be free from all sort of violence.
  • 12. Threat for education for allReduction in fees had been a successful strategyin increasing numbers of children who attendschool.
  • 13.  Lack of resources is also the main threat toeducation for all. Very low salary and wages to teachers and lack of materialsalso limit the progress of education and itsquality.
  • 14. Present and future national strategic objectives. Improving the quality of education, Training and innovation.In future the education system: is expecting to increase in high quality early childhood education and they also intend to improve the quality school education, with globally competitiveliteracy and numeracy standards. getting all children to complete further and higher education and training thatenables them to fulfil their full potentials.
  • 15. Improvement in the quality of educationrequires: support from all interested parties and time. Overlooking of layers of bureaucracy would make more resources available to support schoolsand teachers. excellent management.
  • 16. continuation… also intend to give better support to schools and to deliver the basic necessities for a good education. developed strategic campaign to improve theinfrastructure in the poor schools.
  • 17.  Improve the competence and capacity of schools and theirleader. develop a program to measure the competency of principals, which will assist in identifyingweak performance, based on learners achievement and offer supports to principals and theteachers. Productive classroom. develop a strategy that will change the way teaching and learning occurs in manyschools and classrooms.
  • 18. continuation... The strategy intend to make sure that teacher are in class ontime, teaching and making use of textbooks.Competence, professionalism and status of teachers.
  • 19. continuation...The government had developed a strategy to: raise the status of teachers in the society by promoting and offering betterin-service training and improvements in the condition of service teacher. had developed and adopted a skill development plan, to enhance thecompetence of the personnel. improve the teacher capacity and practice and increase access to qualitylearning materials to all learners.
  • 20. con… had also developed new policies with regard tothe training of the teachers that will be over anddone with e-education,and this will help in the development of relevanttraining programs by different institution toimprove teacher capacity and practice.
  • 21.  had introduce workbooks of high quality in all publicschools for all. also developed education strategy that involve:web based access to education information from desktopcomputers andinternet to improve teaching and learning.
  • 22. In future the education system intend to sponsor teacherswith laptops and they expect great improvement in the levelof computer literacy among the teachers.
  • 23. Government promise to promote use of ICT ineducation through: equipping schools with up to date computers. loans to teachers to acquire personal computers. Adequate equipment and programmes for tutors.
  • 24. General objectives to e-Education Improving students’ access to computers and make provision of computers in the classroom; Improving connectivity so that all schools have access to the Internet; Improving teaching skills and confidence through basic ICT skills training andICT academic training; reforming the curriculum to introduce ICT into lower secondary education andpromoting a strategic, innovative approach to information communicationtechnology development at school leader level.
  • 25. strategies to reach the objectives: involve training teachers in the use of information communication technology, using the cascade method in teacher trainingwhich has the advantage that large numbers of teachers canbe trained in a relatively short time period and also to encourageteachers and pupils to develop pedagogical content.
  • 26. Broad aims of the various national andinternational initiatives regarding continuousprofessional development of teachers withregard to teacher competency standardsrelating to ICTs and professional aptitude.
  • 27. Teacher: supply learners with different range of skills that they willrequire to take part in the world, this is in line with thedevelopment of more competence-centred approaches toteaching. offer support and the success of the learners and they buildthe entire school aptitude to improve. have greater responsibility for the content to be taught tolearners and observing the process of teaching and learningincluding their own subjective professional development.
  • 28.  To achieve the goal of quality education for all it is essential to have bothquality primary teacher education and a rational development of continuousprofessional development of teacher to keep the advanced with the skills in aknowledge society. Continuous Professional development......... Teacher have the responsibility to extend the boundaries of theirprofessional knowledge through reflective practice, research and engagementin continuous professional development. Professional development of teacher reduces alienation that can be caused bybureaucracy. The school environment encourage the professional developmentof teachers and also improve their educational practice.
  • 29. Education view information technology as a resource for identifyingschooling and as an instrument for the development of the entire school.SO... All teachers require the knowledge, skills and values and support toassimilate information communication technology into teaching andlearning. And they should have deepen understanding and application of theopportunities of the use of information communication technology forteaching and learning.
  • 30. They should also be able to excellent choose, use and support variety of information communication technology resources thatare relevant to the task or context, and should also be willing to update skills and knowledge to allow for newdevelopment,to enhance personal and professional effectiveness.
  • 31.  Teachers also need to understand the value of learning networks andcollaboration and they should have the quality to construct and contribute incommunication of practice. Teacher development should sustain a balance between developing effectiveteaching and learning strategies and improve the knowledge and skills ofteachers in the use of information communication technology.
  • 32. White paper state that all South African children in the overall and further education andtraining will be ICT skillful of significant how to use ICTs assertively andinnovatively to help develop the skills and knowledge. characterize schools that had adopted the e-Education as schools that have: learners who use ICT to improve learning, have qualified and competent leader who use ICT for planning a management,
  • 33. Cont.… competent teacher who use ICT to enhance teachingand learning and have access to ICT resource thatsupport the curriculum.
  • 34. standards relating to ICTs andprofessional..Teacher: should have abundant knowledge of the curriculum standards for their subjectarea as well as knowledge of standards assessment strategies. Should know the basic hardware and software operation as well asproductivity application of software, web browser communication softwareand presentation software.
  • 35.  Should be able to use technology with the entireclass and ensure equitable access by all children. Should have technological skills and knowledge ofresource available from the internet necessary toacquire additional information. Self-assessment by all educators at the site forresponsive programmes.
  • 36. The government intervention to professionaldevelopment of teacher with regard to ICT: Adequate investment in ICT infrastructure and Professional development at all levels.
  • 37. ICT utilization for teacher research, planning, andprofessional development:Integration of ICTs in instruction ICT literacy for learners ICTs as a subject for learners ICTs for educational management.
  • 38. Reference listVaikakul, S. 1976. Examining pervasive technology practices in schools.:Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyAnderson, Ronald E., Dexter, Sara L. 2000. School Technology Leadership: Incidence and Impact. I.T. inEducation, Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations, UC IrvineOECD (2005). Teachers Matter: Attracting, Developing and Retaining Effective Teachers. Paris: OECDOECD (2009). Creating Effective Teaching and Learning Environments: First Results from TALIS. Paris:OECDDesimone, L.M. (2009). Improving Impact Studies of Teachers’ Professional Development: TowardBetter Conceptualizations and Measures. Educational Researcher, 38(3), 181-199GescI. 2006. Multi-country workshop on Teacher Professional Development. HejaLodge, Windhoek, NamibiaMingat, A (2005), “Options for a cost-effective allocation of resources”, in Verspoor, A M.TheChallenge of Learning: Improving the Quality of Basic Education in Sub-Saharan Africa, AssociationEnd Notes for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA): Paris
  • 39. Majumdar, S.(2005, ed.). Regional Guidelines on Teacher Development forPedagogy-Technology Integration. Bangkok: UNESCO-Asia and PacificRegional Bureau for Education.UNESCO (2002a). Information and Communication Technologies in TeacherEducation: A Planning Guide. Paris: UNESCO.UNESCO (2002b). Information and Communication Technology in Education: ACurriculum for Schools and Programme of Teacher Development. Paris:UNESCO.
  • 40. ICT changes teaching and learning, buttechnology is not the main issue. Technology Isimportant, but good teachers and goodteaching, is more important.Thank you….