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3c.Joshua 3c.Joshua Presentation Transcript

  • Good Friday
    • The origin of Good Friday
    • Liturgy on Good Friday
      • Reading
      • Veneration of the cross
      • Reception of the Communion
    • The Way of the Cross
    • Conclusion
  • Easter Triduum
    • Holy week is at the heart of the Christian experience .
    • We discover once more who we are and who we belong to.
    • We learn the meaning of life in professing our baptism faith once again.
  • Easter Triduum
    • The keynote for this week is to celebrate the salvation of the human race through the victory of Jesus Christ.
    • Easter Triduum : the last three days of Holy Week:
      • Holy Thursday,
      • Good Friday,
      • Holy Saturday and Easter Sunday.
  • Easter Triduum
    • In the first century the Church celebrated the Passover mystery in one day.
    • Gradually the C hurch separate d it into three days :
      • table service on Holy Thursday
      • the wood of the cross on Good Friday
      • the vigil at the tomb on Holy Saturday, plus Easter Sunday
    • It did not separate the whole mystery but focus ed on each in turn .
  • Good Friday -- Easter Triduum
    • Celebrating the Lord’s Passover under the image of his life-giving on the cross.
    • No Mass celebrated today.
    • Fasting today.
  • Good Friday
    • Completely bare altar.
    • Not a funeral for Jesus, but Christ triumphant through his death.
    • It is a glorious passion
  • Liturgy
    • Follows the pattern of the Jewish liturgy
    • of the synagogue.
    • The liturgy is in the ancient form:
      • listening to the Word,
      • veneration of the cross,
      • and reception of Communion reserved from Holy Thursday.
    • Suggested time for celebrating the liturgy is about 3 p.m.
  • Reading
    • Isaiah 52:13-53:12
    • Psalm 31
    • Hebrews 4:14 – 16; 5:7 – 9
    • John 18:1 - 19:42
  • First Reading -- Isaiah 52:13-53:12
    • The fourth song of “Servant of God”.
    • The text vividly portrayed the Servant’s suffering and ignominy.
    • Christ was innocent; his death was vicarious and redemptive and avails for all the human race.
  • Responsorial Psalm -- Psalm 31
    • Response to the proclamation of Isaiah’s Christ.
    • Expresses psalmist’s confidence in God.
    • A thanksgiving song: “to trust in the Lord is the source of courage.”
  • Second Reading -- Hebrews 4:14 – 16; 5:7 – 9
    • Jesus as High Priest.
    • Jesus’ divinity and humanity.
    • Jesus experienced human suffering.
  • Gospel -- John 18:1 - 19:42
    • Narrative of Jesus’ passion is short and less anecdotal compared with Synoptics.
    • significant theology:
      • Jesus’ obedience to the Father’s will.
      • He is the master of his own fate.
  • Liturgy -- Intercessions
    • Part of the Roman Mass liturgy from ancient times.
    • Different form in the East to West.
    • There are ten intentions.
    • theological meaning: the faithful are transformed after listening the Word of God.
    • It also shows the Church’s care for the individual needs of her members
  • Veneration of the cross
    • Egeria, Spanish Lady, the fourth century traveller, brought this practice to Spain.
    • Roman ritual of veneration is similar to what Egeria saw, but it came directly from Jerusalem.
  • Veneration of the cross
    • Only one cross should be used except for some pastoral reasons.
    • The wooden cross should not carry a corpus of the dead Christ.
    • The acclamation should clearly focus on the “wood” of the cross.
  • Receiving the Communion
    • The reception of Communion on Good Friday was not practised at Rome until seventh century.
    • The whole Church fasted as the disciples did and with the whole of creation’s hunger for the salvation.
  • Receiving the Communion
    • In the Roman liturgy around the ninth century people received Communion.
    • Two species received in Communion:
      • consecrated bread and consecrated wine
  • Receiving Communion
    • The celebrant alone received Communion at Mass until the reform of the liturgy in 1955.
    • Some say the reception of Communion distracts from the theme of Good Friday which is centred on the wood of the cross.
  • The Way of Cross
    • There are fourteen stations.
    • Invented after the tenth century.
    • It commemorates Jesus’ passion in Jerusalem.
    • Mainly based on the gospel accounts and on local traditions in Jerusalem.
  • The Way of Cross
    • Today’s Way of Cross evolved slowly out veneration of the holy places in Jerusalem.
    • From eleventh century great saints and mystics promoted veneration of the suffering and death of Jesus.
  • The Way of Cross
    • In 1991 a new Way of the Cross was introduced based totally on the gospel accounts of the Passion of Jesus.
    • It begins with Last Supper and ends with the resurrection of Jesus.
  • Conclusion
    • Good Friday is a special day for celebrating God’s salvation when Jesus died on the cross.
    • It is focussed on the “wood” of the cross.