Competitive approaches help emphasize rote learning skills
Increase student learning
enhance student self-esteem
positive impact among racial groups
increase communication skills
positive attitudes toward school
Cooperative learning is not :
Students working together at the same table and talking to each other as they do their individual assignments
Students doing a task individually with instruction that they help the slower students when they are finished.
Having one student doing all the work and the entire group getting the credit.
Cooperative learning is an active form of learning.
Students can take control of their own learning
What is cooperative leaning?
Cooperative learning methods are learning techniques that feature heterogeneous groups of students working together for a common purpose. There is emphasis placed on group and individual accountability.
Components of Cooperative Learning
Face-To Face Promotive Interaction
Components of a cooperative lesson #1
Positive interdependence –
students perceive that they are linked with group mates
cannot succeed unless their group mates also succeed.
Students must perceive that they must "sink or swim together."
What is the difference between an activity sheet and a work sheet?
An activity sheet needs to be a careful balance between the familiar and the new.
A worksheet usually requires students to insert or circle answers. They’ re usually low cognitive levels. An activity sheet prompts students to generate an original interpretation, encourages critical thinking and problem solving. Often students work on an activity sheet in small groups.
Tips for developing a peer-to peer lesson in your classroom
Design a group activity that will help reinforce the lesson’s concepts.
You select who is in each group – use cards or number method to make groups
Use strategies to help develop positive interdependence.
Use a quiz (each student hands in something) for a grade (individual accountability)
Group reward - if a group works well together and ALL members are participating – provide some type of reward for that group.
Contains directions to help move the group forward.
Materials to use
Group members’ roles, etc.
Contains questions that prompts the group to discuss possible answers