Ogd in switzerland_20111021 [kompatibilitätsmodus]

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Ogd in switzerland_20111021 [kompatibilitätsmodus]

  1. 1. Open Government Data in SwitzerlandOpen Government Data Camp 2011Warsaw, 20th and 21st October 2011André Golliez, Managing Partner itopiaandre.golliez@itopia.ch
  2. 2. Topics1. OGD activities in Switzerland2. Some remarks about Swiss politics3. OGD: Open Government Documents! ?OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 2
  3. 3. First Open Data hackday in Switzerland «makeopendata.ch» - 30th September / 1st October 2011 - Zurich and Lausanne - 120 participants - 21 projects - Website makeopendata.ch in English...OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 3
  4. 4. «Where Does My Money Go?» – the Swiss (Zurich) versionOGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 4
  5. 5. Swiss Army Contaminated SitesOGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 5
  6. 6. First OGD Conference «opendata.ch 2011»24th June 2011, Swiss Federal Archives, 160 participantsOGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 6
  7. 7. Parliamentary Group «Digital Sustainability»:members of the Swiss parliament engage for OGD Edith Graf-Litscher (SP) Kathy Riklin (CVP) Christian Wasserfallen (FDP)OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 7
  8. 8. OGD activities in Switzerland - outlook• November 2011: Gebert-Rüf Foundation decides about funding a large OGD-Study in Switzerland (Bern University of Applied Sciences & itopia)• December 2011: National Council will discuss and (hopefuly) mandate Federal Council to implement a Swiss Open Government Data Portal in 2012• Spring 2012: next Swiss OGD hackdays «make.opendata.ch»• 2012/Q2: «Open Government Data Portal Zurich» live• June 2012: second Swiss OGD Conference «opendata.ch 2012»• ...OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 8
  9. 9. Some remarks about Swiss politics • Swiss Confederation: since 1848 (no war and no interrupt until today) • Federalism: 26 cantons and 2,600 municipalities (largely autonomus) • Subsidiarity: decentralised division of power, solve issues at the lowest possible level (every canton has its own constitution, laws, parliament and courts) • Direct Democracy: • Popular vote: three to four times a year (on federal, cantonal and minicipality level) • Popular initiative: right to propose an amendment or addition to the Constitution, needs 100,000 signatures within 18 month • Optional referendum: right to demand that any bill approved by parliament be put to a nationwide vote, needs 50,000 signatures within 100 days • Mandatory referendum: all constitutional amendments approved by parliament must be put to a nationwide vote. Voters are also required to approve Swiss membership of international organisations, such as the United Nations and the European Union. • “Magic Formula”: Executive power is in the hands of the seven-member government (Federal Council) made up of representatives of the four main parties (without interrupt since 1959), elected, by the Federal Assembly (National Council and Council of States) every four years at the beginning of a new legislature.OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 9
  10. 10. OGD in Switzerland: Open Government Documents!OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 10
  11. 11. Freedom of Information Act since 2006 Art. 6 Principle of Freedom of Information 1 Every person shall have the right to inspect official documents and to obtain information about the contents of official documents. 2 The documents may be inspected in situ or a copy thereof may be requested. Legislation governing copyright shall be reserved. 3 Where an official document has already been published by the Federal Government, in paper or electronic format, the provisions pursuant to (1) and (2) above shall be deemed to have been fulfilled.OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 11
  12. 12. What are Official Documents?Art. 5 Official Documents1An official document shall be any information: a. which has been recorded, regardless of the medium; b. retained by the authority which issued same or to which it has been communicated; and c. which concern the execution of a public function.2Documents which have been produced by means of a simple computerized processfrom recorded information which meets the requirements pursuant to (a), (b) and (c)above, shall be deemed to be official documents.3Not deemed to be official documents are any documents which: a. are used by an authority in a commercial capacity; b. have not been issued; or c. are intended for personal use.OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 12
  13. 13. Exceptions...OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 13
  14. 14. Accessible or protected?... Official Documents ? Accessible ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Protected ?OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 14
  15. 15. Application for access needs to identify the document...OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 15
  16. 16. Information concerning Official Documents?Art. 18 Information concerning OfficialDocuments(Art. 21[b] FIA)In the absence of any legislative provisions whichwould prohibit such actions, theauthorities shall inform the public as follows: a. they shall publish, on the Internet, information as to their functions and important matters for which they are responsible. b. they shall make available further information, as appropriate, which may facilitate the identification of official documents, insofar as doing so does not give rise to excessive costs.OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 16
  17. 17. Swiss Federal Archives building up anopen accessible registry of (almost) all official documents... Federal Archives Federal Office X Federal Office Y … AIS Registry FO X Registry FO Y Geschäfts- Geschäfts- dossier dossier Geschäfts- Geschäfts- dossier Datenbank of Official Documents («SPO») dossier Geschäfts- Datenbank Geschäfts- dossier Datenbank dossier Geschäfts- Datenbank Geschäfts- dossier Datenbank dossier Geschäfts- Datenbank Geschäfts- dossier dossier Open Registry Geschäfts- Geschäfts- dossier Geschäfts- dossier Geschäfts- dossier Geschäfts- Datenbank dossier Geschäfts- Datenbank dossier Datenbank dossier Datenbank Geschäfts- Geschäfts- dossier Geschäfts- dossier Geschäfts- dossier Geschäfts- Datenbank dossier Geschäfts- Datenbank dossier Datenbank dossier DatenbankOGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 17
  18. 18. Swiss government today...OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 18
  19. 19. ... open Swiss government tomorrow!OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 19
  20. 20. Thank you for your attention.OGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 20
  21. 21. Kontakt.itopiacorporate information technologytechnoparkstrasse 1ch-8005 zürichtel. +41 (0)44 355 56 00fax +41 (0)44 355 56 01www.itopia.chOGD in Switzeland / OGD Camp 2011 / 21st October 2011 21

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