How To Design & Build With Local Materials
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How To Design & Build With Local Materials

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How To Design & Build With Local Materials Presentation Transcript

  • 1. How to Design & Build with Local & Natural Materials
      • By
      • Elliott
      • Ridgway
  • 2. What is Natural Building ?
    • What is Natural building?
    • What are the tools?
    • What are the techniques?
    • What are the materials?
    • Where did they come from?
    • What is the total ecological foot-print for the structure?
    • What is the total economic handprint for thestructure?
  • 3. Key Aspects of Sustainability
    • I. Natural Laws
    • II. Quality Craftsmanship
    • III. Traditional Vernacular
    • IV. Integrative Design
    • V. Natural Materials
    • VI. Techniques
    • VII. Guiding Principles
  • 4. Natural Laws of Physics & Biology
    • 1st & 2nd Laws of Thermodynamics
    • (Nothing is created/destroyed & Entropy)‏
    • Everything is Unique & Interconnected
    • Cause & Effect & Probabilities
    • Energy Conserve Reduce Reuse Recycle
    • Health in Diversity & Abundance
    • Fundamental Geometries & Patterns
    • Systems of scale
  • 5. Traditional Vernacular
    • Local Labor & Materials
    • Traditional Tools & Building Techniques
    • Climate Appropriate
    • Proximity Cluster Village
    • Blend into Landscape
    • Build Incrementally
    • Emulate Natural Shapes & Patterns
  • 6. Integrative Design
    • Stacking Functions
    • Passive Solar
    • Proximity & Access
    • Human Proportions
    • Efficient Use of Space
    • Easy Maintenance
    • Modular Furnishings
    • Healthy use of home
  • 7. Natural Materials
    • Stone & Tile
    • Clay & Lime
    • Straw & Bamboo
    • Lumber & Plywood
    • Glues & Composites
    • Plaster & Paint
    • Hardware & Plumbing
    • Windows & Doors
    • Plants for Living Roofs
  • 8. Salvage & Harvest Materials Virtues of Scavenging: Save Time $$$ & Landfill Reuse On-site Materials Reclaim from local stores Shops & Neighbors Harvest clay, wood, stone Internet: CraigsList, Ebay Salvage & Dumpster-dive Re-purpose Old Furniture Donate, Recycle & Mulch
  • 9. Natural Building Techniques
    • Building Pad
    • Drainage
    • Foundation & Floor
    • Walls & Support
    • Heat & Insulation
    • Ceilings & roofs
    • Windows & Doors
    • Built-in furniture
    • Plaster & paint
  • 10. Quality of Craftsmanship
    • Longevity
    • Adaptability
    • Durability
    • Tradition
    • Heritage
    • Innovation
    • Beauty & comfort
    • Pragmatic design
  • 11. Guiding Principles of Sustainability
    • Appropriate Technology
    • Economic Hand print
    • Ecological Foot print
    • Social Fabric
    • Personal Empowerment
    • Community Empowerment
  • 12. Appropriate Technology
    • Low tech & No tech
    • Passive & Natural Light
    • Wind & Solar Power
    • Radiant Floor Heat
    • Water & Plumbing
    • Efficient Appliances
    • Transportation
  • 13. Economic Hand Print
    • Abundance
    • Supply & Demand
    • Natural Limitations
    • Economy of scale
    • Energy Cycles
    • Input – Output
    • Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • Construction Costs
    • Maintenance & Utility
    • Rent Mortgage Taxes
    • Externalities
  • 14. Ecological Foot Print
    • Disturbance of Habitat
    • Resource Extraction
    • Manufacture Materials
    • Transport of Materials
    • Impact on Watershed
    • Use of Water & Power
    • Waste: Trash & Sewer
    • Demolition: End Use
  • 15. Social Fabric
    • Public Domain
    • Labor Rights
    • Human Rights
    • Local & Global Economic Systems
    • Walkable Cities
    • Public Transit
    • Safety & Security
    • 7 generations
  • 16. Personal Empowerment
    • Do-It-Yourself Ethic
    • Learning Life Skills
    • Hands-on Process
    • Financial Empowerment
    • Self-Confidence
    • Self-Maintenance
    • Independence
    • Cottage Industry
    • Entrepreneur
    • Living One’s Values Everyday
  • 17. Community Empowerment
    • Barn Raising work parties
    • Festivals & Events
    • Collaboration & Connection
    • Local Investment, Co-ops
    • Micro-lending, Credit Union
    • P-patches & Gardens
    • Playgrounds & Fields
    • Parks, Paths & Creeks
    • Community Center & Pool
  • 18. Natural Building Projects
  • 19. Chehalis Oven Summer 2002
  • 20. Finding Center Point For Oven
  • 21. Brick Floor & Urbanite Foundation
  • 22. Sand Form for Earthen Oven
  • 23. Olympia Oven Autumn 2002
  • 24. Urbanite Foundation For Oven & Bench
  • 25. Thermal Mass Layer for Oven
  • 26. Stone Bench For Olympia Oven
  • 27. Bellevue Oven Spring 2004
  • 28. Stone Cave For Firewood Under Oven
  • 29. Sand Form and Brick Door
  • 30. Newspaper Barrier for Sand Form
  • 31. Thermal Mass / Insulation / Cob
  • 32. Straw-Clay Insulation for Oven
  • 33. Earthen Plaster & Stone Tile Table
  • 34. Shoreline Oven Spring 2005
  • 35. Urbanite Foundation For Oven And Bench
  • 36. Packing Straw-Clay Insulation
  • 37. Setting Fire Brick For Oven Floor
  • 38. Sand Form And Thermal Mass Layer
  • 39. Mixing Straw Clay in a Bucket
  • 40. Straw-Clay & Cob Layers
  • 41. Wallingford Oven
  • 42. Wood Fired Pizza
  • 43. Cob Sauna in Monteverde CR 2003
  • 44. Sauna Site After Excavation of Clay
  • 45. Stone Masonry for Foundation
  • 46. Cob Sauna... Before Roof & Plaster
  • 47.  
  • 48. Stone Pool With Benches
  • 49. Dead-man for Cob Wall
  • 50. Curved Cob Wall for Sauna
  • 51. Installing Window in Cob Wall
  • 52. Wine Jug Window in Cob Wall
  • 53. Lower Cob Bench For Sauna
  • 54. Spare Glass Windows Stone Sills Niches Alcoves Shelves
  • 55. Clay Pile & Cob Mixing Area
  • 56. Upper Cob Bench for Sauna
  • 57. Timber Frame Gringo Block Cob Wall Bottle Windows Stone Base
  • 58. Chimney For Earthen Oven
  • 59. Double Door Oven for Sauna
  • 60. Plastering Oven & Earthen Floor
  • 61. Sauna Doors And Windows
  • 62. Earthen Plaster for Sauna Wall
  • 63. Earthen Plaster for South Wall
  • 64. Air Plants
  • 65. Plastering Niches
  • 66.  
  • 67. Plaster Inside of Sauna
  • 68.
    • Sauna
    • Entrance
    • With
    • Clay
    • Plaster
  • 69. Sauna Entrance w/ Lime Plaster
  • 70. Pool Mosaic & Lime Plaster
  • 71. Pangeality Studios 2007
  • 72. Installing Atrium Window
  • 73. Installing East Window
  • 74. Installing Loft Window
  • 75. Caulking for Loft Window
  • 76. Scrap Nails Connect to Wood
  • 77. Straw-Clay & East Window Frame
  • 78. West Window & Framing
  • 79. Mixing Clay Slip
  • 80. Cutting a Concave Curve
  • 81. Linseed Oil on Oak Plywood
  • 82. Curved Desk for Studio
  • 83. Framing for Built-in Furniture
  • 84. Salvaged Stone Hearth
  • 85. Loft Ladder & Cast Iron Stove
  • 86. Reclaimed Oak Flooring
  • 87. Cedar Ceiling
  • 88. Truth Window
  • 89.  
  • 90. Less is More... More or Less
  • 91. Golden Home Design
    • Elliott Ridgway
    • Design
    • Consultation
    • Presentation
    • Construction
    • 206 588 – 1642
    • [email_address]
    • www.goldenhomedesign.com
    • www.youtube.com/goldenhomedesign