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Francesca's Solar System Brochure Francesca's Solar System Brochure Document Transcript

  • The Far Out Brochure! Enjoy! By: Francesca CojuangcoWelcome to the Milky Way galaxy. The solar systemare the nine planets orbiting the sun. To orbit means tocircle something. The nine planets that orbit the sunare:Mercury,Venus,Earth,Mars,Jupiter,Saturn,Uranus,Neptune,and Pluto . Pluto is a dwarf planet. You canread more bout Pluto and what a dwarf planet is. Inthis brochure you will find information aboutplanets,the sun,comets, an introduction on gas giantsand terrestrial planets. Let’s get started my fellow
  • The Sun is a star. A BIG ball of gas!! So if you go there bring a lot of sunscreen! Then sun is an average star. It is mostly made of hydrogen (72%) and helium (26%). The hydrogen atoms come combine or mix together to make helium atoms in thermonuclear reactions. These reactions create heat and light. Approximately 3.6 tons of the sun’s mass(the amount of material in something.) is being transformed into heat and light every second. So yo got to be a fast walker if you are going to stay there! Good exercise though. The solar system is pretty much named after the sun. . The sun has 99.8% of the total mass of the solar system. The solar system objects orbit the sun in predictable almost circular paths. (Imagine that!) Well that’s it for the sun. Let’s move on to PLANETS!!!!Fun Fact!The name Sol means sun inLatin and Spanish. It isnamed after the star thatrules.(wish I was namedafter something,don’t you?)space.about.comio9.co
  • Milky Way! I am talking about the galaxy not the chocolate. As some of you might know we all live in the galaxy we live in is called the Milky Way! The solar system is in the Milky Way. It has over 400 billion stars. Can you believe that?! It is in a spiral shape. The milky way is named like that because it has a faint white appearance in the dark sky. It kind of looks like spilled milk! Fun Fact! There are many legends on how it began and why it is called the Milky Way.:DIf you are hungry thelife forms in the MilkyWay might just give youMilky Way chocolate!:D WORK URL 3
  • http://liquidthinker.files.wordpress.com/2009/01/milky_way_galaxy_sun05.jpg TERRESTRIAL PLANETS!Terrestrial planets are the first four planets closest to the sun. Those first fourplanets are: Mercury,Venus,Earth,and Mars. Those planets are small andusually rocky. Let’s go! http://spiff.rit.edu/classes/ phys301/lectures/ter_planets/ gallery_1.jpg WORK URL 4
  • This is my planet, EARTH!!! It is the third planet closest to the sun. Planet earth has mild temperature all the time. The earth is mostly covered with water. The atmosphere is made of nitrogen and oxygen. The earth has only one satellite and that satellite is big! Our moon is the only extraterrestrial place us humans have visited. The moon orbits the earth once a month. Earth is the only planet that has life (as far as we know).If you go to our planet you will see us walking all around. Earth is 150 kilometers from the sun which is also 93 million miles. That’s a long distance if you think about it real hard. Imagine a football field. You are standing at one end and you are the sun . Your friend is at the other end and she is holding up the end of a pencil and the eraser is my planet,earth . The solar energy we get though, is enough for us humans to take in. If you travel better have some stuff to keep you busy!boston.shambhalatimes.org E A R T WORK URL H 5powertoshare.com
  • ALTHOUGH IT MAY LOOK LIKE THE MOON IT IS MERCURY. IT IS A TERRESTRIAL PLANET. WHICH MAKES IT THE FIRST PLANET. WHICH MAKES IT VERY HOT! IT CAN EVEN MELT LEAD! IT IS ONE OF THE HOTTEST PLACES IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM. ON THE BRIGHT SIDE IT IS HOT . ON THE SHADY SIDE IT IS COLDER ,WHICH IS WHEN IT IS AWAY FROM THE SUN. IT IS SMALLER THAN THE EARTH ITSELF . MERCURY DOES NOT HAVE A SATELLITE (MOON). IF YOU GO TO MERCURY YOU MIGHT SEE A LOT OF CRATERS. CRATERS ARE THE OUTCOME OF THOUSANDS OF OBJECTS FLYING THROUGH SPACE. THAT IS WHY MERCURY LOOK SO MUCH LIKE THE MOON, BECAUSE OF ITS CRATERS . WELL , IF YOU NEED SOME HEAT BUTprinceton.edu thebigfoto.com nasaimages.org NOT TO MUCH, THIS IS YOUR PLANET!! LET’S MOVE ON! Here are some craters on the planet Mercury! WORK URL 6
  • ! VENUS! Venus is the second planet is from the sun . It’s a terrestrial planet. It is about the same size as earth. Venus has no satellites or moon. It is so hot that it can melt lead! That makes it one of the hottest places in the solar system! So you might want to bring sunscreen SPF 1,000,000! Water is going to impossible to find on Venus because there isn’t any. Venus has an atmosphere of carbon dioxide. The daft, cloudy atmosphere makes it very hard to see the planet’s surface Lucky for us humans we have a Modern Radar! The modern radar enables scientists to take pictures through the clouds . Now we know that Venus is dry cracked and covered with volcanoes. Now let’s go to the Milky Way’s fourth planet! Here is a perspective of one of the volcanoes in Venus. Fun fact! Venus is a Greek godess. She was the godess of beauty. :) h 7thebigfoto.commartianchronicles.wordpress.com
  • Mars. Some of you Marsians might be familiar with your planet. Mars is the fourth planet to the sun. It has two moons named Phobos and Deimos. Mars is very much like my home planet earth. Though it is much more dangerous in cases that it is smaller,colder,and drier. It is somewhat the same because it has parts that have the same “weather” with Earth. Like on some parts it is like Dessert Valley in the state of California. Mars is also called the Red planet because of the red soil it has. It is made up of methane and hydrogen. It is the next likely place us humans will visit next to the moon . Exploring Mars is going to be hard though. We humans can’t breathe in the thin atmosphere of carbon dioxide. There is evidence of a lot of frozen water. Here is Mars with its thin atmosphere of carbon dioxide. 21stcenturywaves.com http://www.wingmakers.co.nz/images/ 8 mars-atmosphere.jpg
  • GAS GIANTS!!!!Gas giants are planets that are made out of gas. You can’t walk on them because,well they are made out ofgas.They are bigger than terrestrial planets though.Us humans who live on earth who are scientists have sentout a probes to orbit the gas giants. The gas giants are Jupiter,Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Let’s go far out!Yay!!abovethisworld.com 9
  • Jupiter is the fifth planet from the sun. Can believe that it has sixty three moons?The moon’s even have names! The biggest moons though are named Ganymede,Calisto,Io,and Europa. The planet Jupiter is eleven times bigger in diameter than earth ! The atmosphere there is so poisonous and cold. It is made of hydrogen and helium. It has something called a Great Red Spot which is a really an enormous storm almost as wide as three Earths! The atmosphere’s pressure is so strong it can actually squish gas into liquid!!That’s like crushing a metal spaceship Ganymede Callisto Io Europacelestiamotherlode.net http://www.tarantulasworks.com/astronomy/ 10images/Callisto-1.jpghttp://www.thelivingmoon.com/43ancients/
  • Saturn! Saturn is a beautiful planet! It is well known for its ringwhich revolves around it. The ring is made of little chunks ofice and rock that were floating in space. Can you imagine thatit has 46 moons? Well it does. Saturn is mainly made ofhydrogen,helium,and methane. That is why the planet isn’tsolid n. The clouds and storms are like Jupiter but, here inSaturn it is faster and you can’t see them clearly. It can reachup to 1,135 miles per hour. Maybe if you go there you can takea joy ride on the ring!(What a ride that would be!)http://www.crystalinks.com/saturn.gif
  • URANUS!Uranus is the seventhplanet to the sun.Like Saturn it hasrings. It has 11 ringsand 27 moons . It ismuch more compactthan Saturn andmuch colder . It wouldbe so poisonous tous humans . It hasclouds that are reallycold at the top.Under that it has ablanket of vast, hotwater,ammonia,andmethane. Almost tothe core of Uranus itcan heat up to 9,000degrees fahrenheit!The planet looks bluebecause of themethane gas that ispart of theatmosphere. http://files.myopera.com/ WORK URL 12 discoverynasa/albums/709821/
  • NEPTUNE! Neptune is the 8th planet from the sun. It has 13 satellites and 4 thin rings. Although it is the smallest of the gas giants it is the 4th biggest planet of the solar system. It is mainly made of hydrogen and helium with a bit of methane. Winds on Neptune can reach up to 1,200 miles per hour! That is why it may be the windiest planet in the solar system. Some humans called scientists think that there maybe an ocean of extremely hot water under those cold clouds of Neptune. The water does not boil away because of the unbelievable pressure.Quick Fun Fact!Neptune is also the name of a god forRomans. He is god of water and the sea!loltimeout.com
  • Kuiper Belt: Pluto and ErisThe Kuiper Belt (pronounced ky-per)The Kuiper Belt is disk shaped zone of icy objects. Pluto is one of the objects there in the KuiperBelt. It is a dwarf planet. Some scientists consider Pluto a planet because it is strong enough to pullitself into a sphere or a round ball. Some don’t and think it is just a big piece of the Kuiper Belt’sdebris.Pluto has a thin in atmosphere. Can you believe the atmosphere actually freezes ,when it is farthestfrom the sun, and falls on Pluto’s surface?Well it does. So, better bring some protective gear! Pluto issmaller than Earth’s moon but, it still has its own satellite! The moon is called Charon and it is halfthe size of Pluto. July 2005, astronomers at the California Institute of Technology made public the discovery of a newplanet like object on the Kuiper Belt. They call it Eris! It is a dwarf planet like Pluto. It is more thantwice as far away from the sun as Pluto! http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/ multimedia/gallery/Tilted_Eris.jpg
  • COMETS!! http://www.glowforum.com/ gallery/images/459/glow-in- the-dark-glow-in-the-dark- comets.jpgWORK URL 15
  • ASTEROIDS http://apocalypsebyasteroid.com/wp/ wp-content/uploads/2010/10/WORK URL comet199.gif 16 http://www.stfc.ac.uk/resources/image/ AsteroidItakawa.jpg
  • BYE! o EYB! o Well it is time to end this journey! I hope you have made up your mind on what planet you are interested in(Please no destruction)!Go out and explore fellow humans and aliens!WORK URL 17