History Chapter 5 - Effects of External Events on Singapore before World War WWI

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These slides are used in lower secondary History lessons to illustrate the effects of external events on Singapore before World War I. It aims to explain the start of world war 1 and how it affects Singapore.

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History Chapter 5 - Effects of External Events on Singapore before World War WWI

  1. 1. Chapter 5 Effects of External Events on Singapore Before World War II
  2. 2. World War I (1914-1919)
  3. 3. War may sometimes be a necessary evil. But no matter how necessary, it is always an evil, never a good. We will not learn how to live together in peace by killing each other's children. Jimmy Carter 39th USA President (1924 - ) “ ”
  4. 4. Objectives of the day World War I 1. Causes 2. What happened?
  5. 5. “The Great War was without precedent ... never had so many nations taken up arms at a single time. Never had the battlefield been so vast… never had the fighting been so gruesome...” Jay Winter & Blaine Baggett, The Great War, And the Shaping of the 20th Century What does the above quote tell you about World War I?
  6. 6. “The Great War was without precedent ... never had so many nations taken up arms at a single time. Never had the battlefield been so vast… never had the fighting been so gruesome...” Jay Winter & Blaine Baggett, The Great War, And the Shaping of the 20th Century What does the above quote tell you about World War I?
  7. 7. World War I (1914-1919) 1. Britain 2. France 3. Russia 4. Italy (joined later) 1. Germany 2. Austria-Hungary 3. The Ottoman Empire Europe The Central Powers The Allied Powers
  8. 8. By 1914, Europe was divided into two groups which were rivals The Central Powers vs The Allied Powers The tension between these two groups could trigger a war anytime.
  9. 9. Trigger The Archduke of Austria- Hungary was murdered. European countries started to take sides in a war. Franz Ferdinard
  10. 10. Initially, only a few European countries were involved but soon it involved about 30 countries. Austria-Hungary Belgium Brazil British Empire Bulgaria China France and Colonies German Empire Greece Guatemala Haiti Honduras Italy Japan Liberia Montenegro Nicaragua Ottoman Empire Panama Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Siam United States of America
  11. 11. The war escalated into WWI. died. 10, 000, 000
  12. 12. 20 Singapore’s Population Died.
  13. 13. What we have learnt World War I 1. Causes 2. What happened?
  14. 14. The Great Depression (1930-1939)
  15. 15. Depression A time when there is a collapse in a country’s economy with widespread unemployment.
  16. 16. What happened after WWI ended?
  17. 17. After WWI, the economy of the world thrived once again. In the early 1920s, many companies in America enjoyed good profits through the buying and selling of shares.
  18. 18. Shares refer to the ownership of a company by investing money in it.
  19. 19. 1928 The share prices rise. This encouraged even more people to make quick money by buying shares of different companies.
  20. 20. Some people borrowed money from banks (on credit) to buy shares. $ When most of the companies started to suffer losses in 1929, many people decided to sell their shares as they wanted to get back their money.
  21. 21. This massive selling off of the shares caused the share prices to plunge greatly and this led to the WALL STREET
  22. 22. What about the banks?
  23. 23. Banks tried to collect the loans from the people who borrowed on credit but many did not have the money to repay. Others who tried to withdraw their savings from the bank lost their savings as the banks did not have money to pay them. This led to the banks being forced to close down. $
  24. 24. The Great Depression (1930-1939)
  25. 25. Shops PeopleFactory The Great Depression With the increase in the number of poor people, shops closed down as people had no money to buy goods.
  26. 26. Shops PeopleFactory The Great Depression With the increase in the number of poor people, shops closed down as people had no money to buy goods. Many people lost their jobs and could not find new jobs.
  27. 27. Shops PeopleFactory The Great Depression With the increase in the number of poor people, shops closed down as people had no money to buy goods. With no demand, factories had to be closed down and those remaining had to retrench workers Many people lost their jobs and could not find new jobs.
  28. 28. Although the Great Depression started in America, it soon spread to other countries that traded with America, including Singapore.
  29. 29. Impact of the Great Depression in Singapore Widespread Unemployment Decrease in Trade
  30. 30. Widespread Unemployment 1
  31. 31. Singapore’s economy largely dependent on overseas trade
  32. 32. Singapore’s economy largely dependent on overseas trade Decrease in trading activities
  33. 33. Singapore’s economy largely dependent on overseas trade Decrease in trading activities Loss of wealth for companies in Singapore
  34. 34. Singapore’s economy largely dependent on overseas trade Decrease in trading activities Loss of wealth for companies in Singapore Businesses forced to close down
  35. 35. Singapore’s economy largely dependent on overseas trade Decrease in trading activities Loss of wealth for companies in Singapore Businesses forced to close down Workers were retrenched
  36. 36. Singapore’s economy largely dependent on overseas trade Decrease in trading activities Loss of wealth for companies in Singapore Businesses forced to close down Workers were retrenched High rate of unemployment
  37. 37. Employment Rate Unemployed Employed 1/31931
  38. 38. Many had to depend on relatives/ friends. Many immigrants returned to their homeland. What happened to the unemployed? Passed a law in 1930: Reduce & Restrict number of immigrants from coming to Singapore. Sent a large number of unemployed Chinese/ Indian workers back to their homeland. What did the government do?
  39. 39. Decrease in Trade 2
  40. 40. America and Europe were major buyers of raw materials such as tin and rubber for the manufacturers of goods in factories. With Great Depression, the demand for these raw materials decreased and the trade of these commodities decreased even further.
  41. 41. Timeline of Important Events
  42. 42. • Beginning of the Industrial Revolution in Britain 1750 • Building of the New Harbour in Singapore 1852 • Work on the Suez Canal began 1859
  43. 43. •Opening of the Suez Canal 1869 •The New Harbour was renamed Keppel Harbour 1900 •Establishment of the Singapore Harbour Board to look after the new port. 1912
  44. 44. • World War I broke out • Emden arrived in Asia in Sept • The Sinking of Emden in Nov 1914 • The Sepoy Mutiny took place 1915 • The Wall Street Crash took place 1929
  45. 45. What we have learnt so far… World War I 1. Causes 2. What happened? The Great Depression 1. How did the Great Depression affect Singapore? • Widespread unemployment • Decrease in trade
  46. 46. Conclusion The development and prosperity of Singapore is largely dependent on the world. It is hence important to be aware of the main external events that affected Singapore and the chain of effects that these events had on Singapore.
  47. 47. Created by Goh Bang Rui Follow me on @slideshare. @gohbangrui

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