Chapter 4 - Consequences of Sri Lanka conflict


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These slides are used to illustrate the consequences of Sri Lanka conflict between the Tamils and the Sinhalese. One of the consequences is the rise of the Tamil youths which organised themselves and form the infamous Tamil Tigers or Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).

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Chapter 4 - Consequences of Sri Lanka conflict

  1. Consequences of Sri Lanka Conflict Chapter 4
  3. Racial Differences Sinhalese vs. Tamils
  4. Citizenship Rights “Sinhala Only” Policy University Admission Criteria Resettlement Identify 4 causes of conflict in Sri Lanka
  5. How important is social cohesion in multi-ethnic societies?
  6. Tigers
  7. “An eye for an eye will only make the whole world blind.” ― Mahatma Gandhi
  8. Sri Lanka Conflict Political Consequences Economic Consequences Social Consequences
  9. Political Consequences
  10. Political Consequences Armed Conflict Foreign Intervention
  11. Armed Conflict
  12. 1 Why would any group resort to violence to achieve what they want? 2 How did the conflict in Sri Lanka become so violent? Questions
  13. Timeline of Conflict
  14. Tamils demanded peacefully for fair treatment. The Federal Party asked for Tamil areas to be recognised as a federation Before 1950 1950
  15. Tamil United Liberation Front is formed and it asked for a separate independent state – Tamil Eelam. After the idea for separated state was rejected, Tamils became angry and dissatisfied with government. 1976 May 1976
  16. Tamil youths formed the LTTE as non-violent methods were ineffective.
  17. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam LTTE
  18. Leader of LTTE Velupillai Pirapaharan
  19. Killed 6 aid workers who were constructing "Village of Hope“. Another 3 aid workers suffer serious gunshot injuries. April 1 2007
  20. LTTE planted a bomb in Rathmalana, targeting a truck carrying Sri Lanka Police personnel killing 7 civilians and injuring more than 39 people. Amongst dead was a pregnant mother. May 28 2007
  21. RESULT
  22. Conflict between Sinhalese and Tamils
  23. Armed Conflict
  24. Sri Lankan Government LTTE VS
  25. Foreign Intervention
  26. What happens when 2 countries are in conflict and there seems to be no resolution? Question
  27. What is a mediator? A neutral party that brings opposing sides together for a discussion Definition
  28. Sri Lankan Government LTTE VS
  29. 1983 Dialogue between the 2 parties Outcome No parties could come to an agreement Attempt
  30. 1987 India pressured Sri Lanka to sign a peace accord. Outcome Although peace accord was signed, Tamil Tigers did not disarm and Indian troops took control by force. Attempt
  31. Fighting continued.
  32. Economic Consequences
  33. Unemployment Loss of Investment from Other Countries Fall in Number of Tourists
  34. Unemployment
  35. Factory and plantation workers and self-employed lost their jobs. Massive unemployment 1983 Riots
  36. Looting and vandalism of shops and offices
  37. 1 How does looting affect Sri Lanka? 2 What impact does unemployment have on the country and its people? Questions
  38. Loss of Investment from Other Countries
  39. What is foreign investment? Investment (money or other resources) provided by other countries Definition
  40. Would you want to invest resources in an unstable country which has conflict? Question
  41. Why?
  42. Fall in Number of Tourists
  43. Sri Lanka depends heavily on tourism for country’s earnings
  44. Fall in Sri Lanka’s earning Loss of jobs Fall in number of tourists
  45. Fall in amount spent on improving Sri Lanka Amenities Housing Transport
  46. Social Consequences
  47. Sri Lankan Tamils are driven out from homeland Thousands of Tamils fled to Tamil Nadu in India as refugees.
  48. Movement of Sri Lankan Refugees
  49.  - Refugee Camp
  50. High Security Zones (HSZs) were set up by the Sri Lankan army to kept LTTE away. HSZs are monitored closely and access is controlled. 1990s
  51. Refugee camp at a school in the Karainagar area
  52. Ongoing fighting in their hometowns (e.g. Jaffna) added to the number of Tamils fleeing.
  53. 1. What social problems do refugees face? 2. What social problems do refugees cause? Question
  54. What is the Future of Sri Lanka?
  55. Created by Goh Bang Rui Follow me on @slideshare. @gohbangrui