Civil Society and Corruption

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  • Why do I link the two? My personal interest: coming from the importance of civil society for democratization
  • Reasons for approaching are important here: trust +, not sure they will help, don’t trust -
  • In general, only 2.4% said they would like nothing. These are summed up percentages.
  • Talk here about anti-corruption activism score
  • There are two categories above this income group
  • Civil Society and Corruption

    1. 1. Civil Society and Corruption: Armenian Public Perceptions Research Project Dr. Yevgenya Paturyan Yerevan, 2009 Caucasus Research Resource Centers – ARMENIA A Program of Eurasia Partnership Foundation
    2. 2. Presentation Structure <ul><li>Theoretical concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Background information </li></ul><ul><li>Research Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Results: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceptions of NGOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active Population Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion and Discussion </li></ul>
    3. 3. Theoretical Concepts <ul><li>Civil society :Voluntary sphere outside of market, state and private realms </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption: abuse of public power for private benefit </li></ul>
    4. 4. Background information http:// info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/sc_chart.asp # accessed on July 8, 2009.
    5. 5. Research Questions <ul><li>RQ 1: How are NGOs perceived in relation to corruption issues in Armenia? </li></ul><ul><li>RQ 2: Do people, willing to counter corruption in Armenia, constitute a distinct group different from the general population? </li></ul>
    6. 6. Perceptions of NGOs <ul><li>Good News </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not corrupt (77.7%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capable of combating corruption (55%) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bad News </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not well known </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not too many people would approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost no one does approach or think about approaching without prior probing </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Knowledge of NGOs <ul><li>Know an anti-corruption NGO: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes: 6.4% (could name one: 5.6%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No: 91.3% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t know what an NGO is: 2.3% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most known NGOs: AYLA, Yerevan Press Club </li></ul>
    8. 8. Willingness to approach an NGO 100% 1549 Total 30.1% 467 Total Missing 1.2% 19 Refused 22.2% 344 Don’t Know 6.7% 104 NA 100% 69.9% 1082 Total Valid 53.2% 37.2% 576 No 46.8% 32.7% 506 Yes Valid % % N
    9. 9. Awareness of NGOs <ul><li>What can you do to reduce corruption? Approach an NGO: 0.8% (13 people) as a first choice, total 1.7% (27 people). </li></ul><ul><li>What institution would you contact: 0.1 % (2 people) as a first choice, total 0.4% (7 people). </li></ul><ul><li>Have reported to NGOs: 0.8% (12 people) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Interest in NGO Assistance 15.4% Free legal advice 18.8% Information about where to complain 25.9% Information about legislation 34.% Information about obligations 56% Information about rights
    11. 11. Active Groups <ul><li>‘Hones’ People </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Would not take a bribe: 71.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Would not give a bribe: 40.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Would do neither: 37.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Anti-Corruption Activists </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Corruption Activists </li></ul>
    12. 12. Anti-Corruption Activists 1.2% Participate in educational campaigns 0.6% Participate in awareness campaigns 0.2% File a lawsuit 0.4% Report corruption to authorities 0.8% Report corruption to NGOs 22.6% Refuse to make favors 32.0% Abstain from paying bribes Yes
    13. 13. Anti-Corruption Activists: Who are they? <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Education : people with higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Income : people with 120-240 000 AMD monthly income </li></ul><ul><li>Urban/Rural : urban residents </li></ul><ul><li>Region in Armenia : Yerevan and Tavush </li></ul>
    14. 14. Conclusion <ul><li>‘ Shallow Positive’ Image of NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Corruption activists are rural residents of Yerevan and Tavush with higher education and upper-middle income. </li></ul>

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