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Civil Society and Corruption
 

Civil Society and Corruption

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  • Why do I link the two? My personal interest: coming from the importance of civil society for democratization
  • Reasons for approaching are important here: trust +, not sure they will help, don’t trust -
  • In general, only 2.4% said they would like nothing. These are summed up percentages.
  • Talk here about anti-corruption activism score
  • There are two categories above this income group

Civil Society and Corruption Civil Society and Corruption Presentation Transcript

  • Civil Society and Corruption: Armenian Public Perceptions Research Project Dr. Yevgenya Paturyan Yerevan, 2009 Caucasus Research Resource Centers – ARMENIA A Program of Eurasia Partnership Foundation
  • Presentation Structure
    • Theoretical concepts
    • Background information
    • Research Questions
    • Results:
      • Perceptions of NGOs
      • Active Population Groups
    • Conclusion and Discussion
  • Theoretical Concepts
    • Civil society :Voluntary sphere outside of market, state and private realms
    • Corruption: abuse of public power for private benefit
  • Background information http:// info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/sc_chart.asp # accessed on July 8, 2009.
  • Research Questions
    • RQ 1: How are NGOs perceived in relation to corruption issues in Armenia?
    • RQ 2: Do people, willing to counter corruption in Armenia, constitute a distinct group different from the general population?
  • Perceptions of NGOs
    • Good News
      • Not corrupt (77.7%)
      • Capable of combating corruption (55%)
    • Bad News
      • Not well known
      • Not too many people would approach
      • Almost no one does approach or think about approaching without prior probing
  • Knowledge of NGOs
    • Know an anti-corruption NGO:
      • Yes: 6.4% (could name one: 5.6%)
      • No: 91.3%
      • Don’t know what an NGO is: 2.3%
    • Most known NGOs: AYLA, Yerevan Press Club
  • Willingness to approach an NGO 100% 1549 Total 30.1% 467 Total Missing 1.2% 19 Refused 22.2% 344 Don’t Know 6.7% 104 NA 100% 69.9% 1082 Total Valid 53.2% 37.2% 576 No 46.8% 32.7% 506 Yes Valid % % N
  • Awareness of NGOs
    • What can you do to reduce corruption? Approach an NGO: 0.8% (13 people) as a first choice, total 1.7% (27 people).
    • What institution would you contact: 0.1 % (2 people) as a first choice, total 0.4% (7 people).
    • Have reported to NGOs: 0.8% (12 people)
  • Interest in NGO Assistance 15.4% Free legal advice 18.8% Information about where to complain 25.9% Information about legislation 34.% Information about obligations 56% Information about rights
  • Active Groups
    • ‘Hones’ People
      • Would not take a bribe: 71.9%
      • Would not give a bribe: 40.9%
      • Would do neither: 37.1%
    • Potential Anti-Corruption Activists
    • Anti-Corruption Activists
  • Anti-Corruption Activists 1.2% Participate in educational campaigns 0.6% Participate in awareness campaigns 0.2% File a lawsuit 0.4% Report corruption to authorities 0.8% Report corruption to NGOs 22.6% Refuse to make favors 32.0% Abstain from paying bribes Yes
  • Anti-Corruption Activists: Who are they?
    • Age
    • Gender
    • Education : people with higher education
    • Income : people with 120-240 000 AMD monthly income
    • Urban/Rural : urban residents
    • Region in Armenia : Yerevan and Tavush
  • Conclusion
    • ‘ Shallow Positive’ Image of NGOs
    • Anti-Corruption activists are rural residents of Yerevan and Tavush with higher education and upper-middle income.