Civil Society and CorruptionPresentation Transcript
Civil Society and Corruption: Armenian Public Perceptions Research Project Dr. Yevgenya Paturyan Yerevan, 2009 Caucasus Research Resource Centers – ARMENIA A Program of Eurasia Partnership Foundation
Perceptions of NGOs
Active Population Groups
Conclusion and Discussion
Civil society :Voluntary sphere outside of market, state and private realms
Corruption: abuse of public power for private benefit
Background information http:// info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/sc_chart.asp # accessed on July 8, 2009.
RQ 1: How are NGOs perceived in relation to corruption issues in Armenia?
RQ 2: Do people, willing to counter corruption in Armenia, constitute a distinct group different from the general population?
Perceptions of NGOs
Not corrupt (77.7%)
Capable of combating corruption (55%)
Not well known
Not too many people would approach
Almost no one does approach or think about approaching without prior probing
Knowledge of NGOs
Know an anti-corruption NGO:
Yes: 6.4% (could name one: 5.6%)
Don’t know what an NGO is: 2.3%
Most known NGOs: AYLA, Yerevan Press Club
Willingness to approach an NGO 100% 1549 Total 30.1% 467 Total Missing 1.2% 19 Refused 22.2% 344 Don’t Know 6.7% 104 NA 100% 69.9% 1082 Total Valid 53.2% 37.2% 576 No 46.8% 32.7% 506 Yes Valid % % N
Awareness of NGOs
What can you do to reduce corruption? Approach an NGO: 0.8% (13 people) as a first choice, total 1.7% (27 people).
What institution would you contact: 0.1 % (2 people) as a first choice, total 0.4% (7 people).
Have reported to NGOs: 0.8% (12 people)
Interest in NGO Assistance 15.4% Free legal advice 18.8% Information about where to complain 25.9% Information about legislation 34.% Information about obligations 56% Information about rights
Would not take a bribe: 71.9%
Would not give a bribe: 40.9%
Would do neither: 37.1%
Potential Anti-Corruption Activists
Anti-Corruption Activists 1.2% Participate in educational campaigns 0.6% Participate in awareness campaigns 0.2% File a lawsuit 0.4% Report corruption to authorities 0.8% Report corruption to NGOs 22.6% Refuse to make favors 32.0% Abstain from paying bribes Yes
Anti-Corruption Activists: Who are they?
Education : people with higher education
Income : people with 120-240 000 AMD monthly income
Urban/Rural : urban residents
Region in Armenia : Yerevan and Tavush
‘ Shallow Positive’ Image of NGOs
Anti-Corruption activists are rural residents of Yerevan and Tavush with higher education and upper-middle income.