008 03 14Freud_Dissolution of Oedipus Complex

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008 03 14Freud_Dissolution of Oedipus Complex

  1. 1. The Odeipus Complex
  2. 2. 1924: The Dissolution of the Oedipus Complex <ul><li>What is the main question pursued in the paper? </li></ul>
  3. 3. 662 <ul><li>“ A child’s sexual development advances to a certain phase at which the genital organ has already taken over the leading role. ” </li></ul><ul><li>= phallic stage </li></ul><ul><li>… and this is where the Odedipus complex takes place. </li></ul><ul><li>Somehow, that complex is “dissolved”/ “resolved,” and the child’s sexual development arrested for a while; </li></ul><ul><li>sexuality becomes latent </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why? What happens?
  5. 5. 662 <ul><li>“ When the (male) child’s interest turns to his genitals, be betrays the fact frequently by manipulating them frequently; and then finds that the adults do not approve of this behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>More or less plainly, more or less brutally, a threat is pronounced… ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mostly by women: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ We’ll take it away from you” / </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Father (or the Doctor) will take it away.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. 662 Reasons for that threat: <ul><li>playing with the penis </li></ul><ul><li>prolonged bed-wetting </li></ul><ul><li>But: Does the boy believe in the threat? </li></ul>
  7. 7. 663 <ul><li>Not immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>Two sets of experiences, however, prepare him for acceptance of the threat’s truth: </li></ul><ul><li>withdrawal of Mom’s breast </li></ul><ul><li>daily demand to give up his bowel </li></ul>
  8. 8. 663 <ul><li>Still, it takes an additional experience to convince him: </li></ul><ul><li>seeing the naked body of a girl / woman </li></ul><ul><li>“ The observation which finally breaks down his unbelief is the sight of the female genitals. […] With this, the loss of his own penis becomes imaginable, and the threat of castration takes its deferred effect.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. But how does the fear of castration persuade the little boy to stop loving his mom and hating his dad?
  10. 10. Oedipus complex offers the boy two possibilities of satisfaction: <ul><li>1) active: </li></ul><ul><li>2) passive: </li></ul>
  11. 11. Oedipus complex offers the boy two possibilities of satisfaction: <ul><li>1) active: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to put himself in Father’s place, and have intercourse with Mother. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>entails loss of penis: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2) passive: </li></ul>
  12. 12. Oedipus complex offers the boy two possibilities of satisfaction: <ul><li>1) active: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to put himself in Father’s place, and have intercourse with Mother. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>entails loss of penis: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>…as a punishment. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2) passive: </li></ul>
  13. 13. Oedipus complex offers the boy two possibilities of satisfaction: <ul><li>1) active: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to put himself in Father’s place, and have intercourse with Mother. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>entails loss of penis: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>…as a punishment. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2) passive: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to put himself in Mother’s place, and be loved by the Father. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>entails loss of penis: </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Oedipus complex offers the boy two possibilities of satisfaction: <ul><li>1) active: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to put himself in Father’s place, and have intercourse with Mother. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>entails loss of penis: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>…as a punishment. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2) passive: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to put himself in Mother’s place, and be loved by the Father. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>entails loss of penis: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… as precondition. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 664 <ul><li> Choice: </li></ul><ul><li>keep the “libidinal cathexis of parental objects,” </li></ul><ul><li>or keep the penis. </li></ul><ul><li>Normally, the penis wins. </li></ul><ul><li> “ The child’s ego turns away from the Oedipus complex.” </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>cathexis: investment of libido in a person, object, or idea (think about it along the lines of electrical charge) </li></ul><ul><li>id, ego, super-ego </li></ul>
  17. 18. 664: how the child’s ego turns away from the Oedipus complex <ul><li>“ The object-cathexes are given up and replaced by identifications. The authority of the father or parents is introduced into the ego, and there it forms the nucleus of the super-ego […]. </li></ul><ul><li>The libidinal trends belonging to the Oedipus complex are in part desexualized and sublimated (…) and in part inhibited in their aim and changed into impulses of affection. ” </li></ul>
  18. 19. 664: how the child’s ego turns away from the Oedipus complex <ul><li>“ The whole process has, on the one hand, preserved the genital organ—has averted the danger of its loss—and, on the other, has paralyzed it—has removed its function. </li></ul><ul><li>This process ushers in the latency period, which now interrupts the child’s sexual development. ” </li></ul>
  19. 20. 664 <ul><li>What happens to the Oedipus complex is “more than a repression”: </li></ul><ul><li>“if it is ideally carried out,” it amounts to a destruction and an abolition.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ If the ego has in fact not achieved much more than a repression of the complex, the latter persists in an unconscious state in the id and will later manifest a pathogenic effect.” </li></ul>
  20. 21. And now, how does the complex come to an end in little girls?
  21. 22. The Odeipus Complex
  22. 23. 665 <ul><li>Comparing her own “penis” (clitoris) to that of little boys, the little girl feels she “has come off badly.” </li></ul><ul><li>She assumes that she must have once possessed a bigger penis, but lost it to castration. </li></ul><ul><li> no fear of castration. </li></ul><ul><li> With this, “ a powerful motive also drops out of the setting-up of a super-ego and for the breaking-off of the infantile genital organization. ” </li></ul>
  23. 24.  the dissolution of the Oedipus complex in the little girl  <ul><li>And why does she give up her love for her father, and her hostile jealousy towards her mother? </li></ul><ul><li>“ In her, far more than in the boy, these changes seem to be the result of upbringing and of intimidation from the outside which threatens her with a loss of love.” </li></ul>
  24. 25.  the dissolution of the Oedipus complex in the little girl  <ul><li>As she comes to accept the fact that she has no penis, she replaces THE P ENIS , in her symbolic universe, with THE B ABY . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Her Oedipus complex culminates in a desire, which is long retained, to receive a baby from her father as a gift—to bear him a child.” </li></ul><ul><li>She never receives that gift, though, and thus, gradually losing hope, gives up the Oedipus complex. </li></ul>

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