Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15 TH
October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. His father
Jainulabdeen was a boat owner and his mother Ashiamma
was a housewife. In his school, he was described as a
sincere, bright and a hardworking student who had a
strong desire to learn and spend hours on his studies,
especially mathematics. After completing his school
studies at Rameswaram Elementary School, he went on to
graduate in Physics, but was not very enthusiastic about
So, he moved to madras in 1955 to
study aerospace engineering. After
graduating from Madras Institute Of
Technology, Kalam joined Aeronautical
Development Establishment of Defense
Organization as a chief scientist. He
started his career by designing a
small helicopter for the Indian Army.
In 1969 he was moved to Indian Space
Research Organization where he was
the project director of India’s Satellite
The Indian Satellite Launch Vehicle or SLV was a project
started in the early 1970s by Indian Space Research
Organization to develop the technology needed to launch
satellites. The project was headed by Dr. A.P.J. Abdul
Kalam. SLV was intended to reach a height of 400 km and
carry a payload of 40 kg. It was a four stage rocket with all
solid-propellant motors. The first launch of the SLV took
place in Sriharikota on 10 August 1979. The last launch of
the SLV took place on 17 April 1983. SLV-3 formed the basis
of the next-generation ASLV.
Function: Small carrier rocket
Manufacturer: Indian Space Research Organization
Launch Site: Sriharikota
Burn time: 49 Seconds
Dr.A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was elected as the 11TH president of
India, succeeding K.R. Narayanan. He won the 2002
presidential election with an electoral vote of 922,884,
surpassing 107,366 votes won by Lakshmi Sahgal. He
served from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007.
On 10TH June 2002, the National Democratic Alliance
expressed to Sonia Gandhi that they would propose Kalam
for the post of president.
Wings Of Fire: An Autobiography by A. P. J Abdul Kalam; 1999.
India 2020: A Vision For the New Millennium: by A. P. J Abdul
Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India by A. P.J. Abdul
The Luminous Sparks by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam; 2004.
Mission India by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Inspiring Thoughts by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam; 2007
Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology by A.P.J.
Thinking should become your capital asset, no matter whatever
ups and downs you come across in your life.
Away! Fond thoughts, and vex my soul no more! Work claimed my
wakeful nights, my busy days Albeit brought memories of
Rameswaram shore Yet haunt my dreaming gaze!
My worthiness is all my doubt His Merit- all my fear- Contrasting
which my quality Does however appear.
Thinking is progress. Non-thinking is stagnation of the individual,
organization and the country. Thinking leads to action. Knowledge
without action is useless and irrelevant. Knowledge with action,
converts adversity into prosperity